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Nanoliter Volume Pin Tool Transfers as Measured by a Dual-Dye Absorbance Method
Duong T. Chau; Patrick H. Cleveland, Ph.D.; John Thomas Bradshaw, Ph.D.

Increasing costs of chemical compounds and commonly used solvents has pushed high throughput screening labs towards lower working volumes, specifically in the nanoliter range. The ability to controllably dispense “known” nanoliter aliquots of samples is desired, which can readily be achieved using Pin Tools.

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Why Is My Assay Failing? An Approach to Assay Equipment Optimization
Tanya R. Knaide, John Thomas Bradshaw, Kevin Khovananth, Keith Albert

Assays can produce unexpected or failing results for a multitude of reasons. Variability may be introduced at any point within the assay process.

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Validation of an Automated Cell-Based Bioluminescent TNFa Blocker Bioassay
Brad Larson, Tracy Worzella, Rich Moravec, Neal Cosby, Frank Fan, Teresa Surowy and Peter Banks

TNFa blocker biopharmaceuticals represent an important and successful class of protein drugs used in the treatment of several autoimmune diseases. Bioassays are indispensible tools in biopharmaceutical drug development and commercialization that are used to quantify biological activity and stability of drugs or drug candidates. The automation of these assays can serve to create an accurate, robust process which can allow the researcher to perform other more important functions.

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Modeling Disposition of Sotalol following Intravenous and Oral Administration in Healthy Adult Subjects
S. Ray Chaudhuri, V. Lukacova and W. S. Woltosz

Sotalol is a non specific adrenergic beta-antagonist that is used in the treatment of life-threatening arrhythmia. Its absorption, distribution and systemic PK or, collectively, ‘disposition’ was modeled and simulated using GastroPlus™ v7.0. Biopharmaceutical properties were obtained from in silico predictions and in vitro measurements.

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Predicting hERG Potassium Channel Affinity with Artificial Neural Network Ensembles
Adam C. Lee, GrazynaFraczkiewicz, Robert Fraczkiewicz, Robert D. Clark and Walter S. Woltosz

Modeling hERG inhibition has gained significant popularity since 2005, when the FDA recognized the correlation between hERG inhibition and a prolonged QT interval by issuing guidance for the evaluation of new non-antiarrythmic drugs against the hERG channel.Long QT syndrome or LQTS is a risk factor for ventricular tachyarrhythmias and sudden death.

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Predicting Sites of Metabolism with Artificial Neural Network Ensembles
Marvin Waldman, Robert Fraczkiewicz, JinhuaZhang, Robert D. Clark and Walter S. Woltosz

Hepatic first-pass metabolism of many drugs and pro drugs plays a key role in their oral bioavailability. The human cytochrome P450 enzymes are responsible for the metabolism of most drugs. Knowledge of likely sites of metabolic attack in a drug molecule can aid in designing out unwanted metabolic liabilities early on in the drug discovery process, as well as in the design of pro drugs where metabolic transformation is desired.

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Live Cell Beating Assay Using Human iPSC-derived Cardiomyocytes for Evaluation of Drug Efficacy and Toxicity
Oksana Sirenko, Carole Crittenden, Blake Anson, Jayne Hesley, Yen-Wen Chen, Nick Callamaras and Evan F. Cromwell

A large percentage of new drugs fail in clinical studies due to cardiac toxicity. Development of highly predictive in vitro assays suitable for screening, safety assessment or other environments is therefore extremely important for drug development. Human cardiomyocytes derived from stem cell sources can greatly accelerate the discovery of cardiac drugs and improve drug safety by offering more clinically relevant cell-based models than those presently available.

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Quantification of cytokines on the SpectraMax® Paradigm® Multi-Mode Microplate Detection Platform using Alpha Technology
Caroline Cardonnel, Cathleen Salomo, Michael Katzlinger, Yvonne Fitzgerald, Cathy Olsen and Harald Hundsberger

Inflammation is accompanied by increased endothelial chemokine production and adhesion molecule expression, which may result in an extensive neutrophil infiltration. As such, the search for novel anti-inflammatory substances able to downregulate these parameters, as well as tissue damage, holds therapeutic promise.

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GALAS Modeling Methodology Applications In The Prediction Of Drug Metabolism Related Properties
Remigijus Didziapetris, Justas Dapkunas, Andrius Sazonovas and Pranas Japertas

Analytical identification of metabolites for a drug candidate is usually a time consuming and low-throughput task and is performed only at the later phases of drug development. Therefore the possibility to predict possible sites of human liver microsomal (HLM) metabolism using in silico techniques would be a very attractive feature for any medicinal chemist.

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Showing Results 31 - 40 of 117
Scientific News
Anti-Diabetic Drug Springs New Hope for Tuberculosis Patients
Drug for treating diabetes can double up as adjunct treatment for tuberculosis.
A Poisonous Cure
Toxic fungi may hold the secrets to tackling deadly diseases.
Antibiotic Resistance Threatens Future of Modern Medicine
Overuse and misuse of antibiotics, one of the key contributors to antimicrobial resistance (AMR).
Bacterial Toxin Targets Discovered
Understanding how bacterial toxins target human cells is set to have major implications for the development of novel drugs.
Proteomics for Systems Toxicology
MS-based proteomics is maturing into a robust technology for the measurement of proteome-wide exposure effects.
Molecular Event Mapping Opens Door to more in silico Tests
It is hoped that this new approach to mapping and predicting the impact of chemical compounds in the body could reduce the need for toxicity tests in animals.
Protein-engineered Cages Aid Studies of Cell Functions
The Cages, from researchers at Tokyo Institute of Technology, to deliver an important signalling molecule, carbon monoxide, into cells.
Wallet-Sized Labs The Next Big Thing
RMIT researchers are developing inexpensive, portable toxicology laboratories so small you could fit them in your wallet.
Altered Milk Protein Can Deliver AIDS Drug to Infants
Binding with an antiretroviral drug promises to greatly improve treatment for infants and young children suffering from HIV/AIDS.
New Drug for Common Liver Disease Improves Liver Health
An experimental drug aimed at treating a common liver disease showed promising results and potential problems in a multicenter clinical trial funded by the NIH.
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