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An In Silico Test Battery for Rapid Evaluation of Genotoxic and Carcinogenic Potential of Chemicals
Kiril Lanevskij, Liutauras Juska, Justas Dapkunas, Andrius Sazonovas, Pranas Japertas and Remigijus Didziapetris, of ACD/Labs and Vilnius University

The FDA guidance for industry states impurities under the ICH threshold may be exaluated for genotoxicity and carcinogenicity. This study uses an expert system to detect mutagens and compounds labeled as potent carcinogens by the FDA.

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A Systematic Review of Lifestyle Modification in Adults with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
C. Thoma, C. P. Day and M. I. Trenell, Newcastle University

This study reviews the causes of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and the associated risk factor for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

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Cytotoxicity Screen of Mangiferin and its Major Metabolite Norathyriol in Human Tumor Cell Lines
Souza, J.R.R., Feitosa, J.P.A., Ricardo, N.M.P.S, Trevisan, M.T.S., Frei, E., Ulrich C.M., Owen, R.W.

Many natural products are available worldwide as potential chemoprotective agents against commonly occurring cancers, for example Mangiferin which has low bioavailability and is thought to be mainly available in the colon.

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Salman Khetani, Chitra Kanchagar, Stacy Krzyzewski, Michael D. Aleo and Yvonne Will

This case study demonstrates the increased success of Hepregen’s novel micro-patterned co-culture system in identifying primary and secondary circulating and excretory metabolites when compared to liver microsomes, S-9 fractions and primary human hepatocyte suspensions for a series of 27 compounds with known in vivo human metabolite profiles.

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Nanoliter Volume Pin Tool Transfers as Measured by a Dual-Dye Absorbance Method
Duong T. Chau; Patrick H. Cleveland, Ph.D.; John Thomas Bradshaw, Ph.D.

Increasing costs of chemical compounds and commonly used solvents has pushed high throughput screening labs towards lower working volumes, specifically in the nanoliter range. The ability to controllably dispense “known” nanoliter aliquots of samples is desired, which can readily be achieved using Pin Tools.

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Why Is My Assay Failing? An Approach to Assay Equipment Optimization
Tanya R. Knaide, John Thomas Bradshaw, Kevin Khovananth, Keith Albert

Assays can produce unexpected or failing results for a multitude of reasons. Variability may be introduced at any point within the assay process.

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Validation of an Automated Cell-Based Bioluminescent TNFa Blocker Bioassay
Brad Larson, Tracy Worzella, Rich Moravec, Neal Cosby, Frank Fan, Teresa Surowy and Peter Banks

TNFa blocker biopharmaceuticals represent an important and successful class of protein drugs used in the treatment of several autoimmune diseases. Bioassays are indispensible tools in biopharmaceutical drug development and commercialization that are used to quantify biological activity and stability of drugs or drug candidates. The automation of these assays can serve to create an accurate, robust process which can allow the researcher to perform other more important functions.

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Modeling Disposition of Sotalol following Intravenous and Oral Administration in Healthy Adult Subjects
S. Ray Chaudhuri, V. Lukacova and W. S. Woltosz

Sotalol is a non specific adrenergic beta-antagonist that is used in the treatment of life-threatening arrhythmia. Its absorption, distribution and systemic PK or, collectively, ‘disposition’ was modeled and simulated using GastroPlus™ v7.0. Biopharmaceutical properties were obtained from in silico predictions and in vitro measurements.

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Predicting hERG Potassium Channel Affinity with Artificial Neural Network Ensembles
Adam C. Lee, GrazynaFraczkiewicz, Robert Fraczkiewicz, Robert D. Clark and Walter S. Woltosz

Modeling hERG inhibition has gained significant popularity since 2005, when the FDA recognized the correlation between hERG inhibition and a prolonged QT interval by issuing guidance for the evaluation of new non-antiarrythmic drugs against the hERG channel.Long QT syndrome or LQTS is a risk factor for ventricular tachyarrhythmias and sudden death.

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Showing Results 31 - 40 of 129
Scientific News
High Throughput Mass Spectrometry-Based Screening Assay Trends
Dr John Comley provides an insight into HT MS-based screening with a focus on future user requirements and preferences.
Using Drug-Susceptible Parasites to Fight Drug Resistance
Researchers at the University of Georgia have developed a model for evaluating a potential new strategy in the fight against drug-resistant diseases.
Boosting Breast Cancer Treatment
To more efficiently treat breast cancer, scientists have been researching molecules that selectively bind to cancer cells and deliver a substance that can kill the tumor cells, for several years.
How Cells ‘Climb’ to Build Fruit Fly Tracheas
Mipp1 protein helps cells sprout “fingers” for gripping.
Promising Drug Combination for Advanced Prostate Cancer
A new drug combination may be effective in treating men with metastatic prostate cancer. Preliminary results of this new approach are encouraging and have led to an ongoing international study being conducted in 196 hospitals worldwide.
Non-Disease Proteins Kill Brain Cells
Scientists at the forefront of cutting-edge research into neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s have shown that the mere presence of protein aggregates may be as important as their form and identity in inducing cell death in brain tissue.
Potential Treatment for Life-Threatening Viral Infections Revealed
The findings point to new therapies for Dengue, West Nile and Ebola.
Gut Microbes Signal to the Brain When They're Full
Don't have room for dessert? The bacteria in your gut may be telling you something.
Personalized Drug Screening for Multiple Myeloma Patients
A personalized method for testing the effectiveness of drugs that treat multiple myeloma may predict quickly and more accurately the best treatments for individual patients with the bone marrow cancer.
Nanocarriers May Carry New Hope for Brain Cancer Therapy
Berkeley lab researchers develop nanoparticles that can carry therapeutics across the brain blood barrier.

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