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Mutation Induction in Sucrose Synthase 1 to Study Cold Acclimation in Winter Wheat
Rita Armoniene, Gintaras Brazauskas

Sucrose synthase (Ss) catalyzes the reversible conversion of sucrose and a nucleoside diphosphate into the corresponding nucleoside diphosphate-glucose and fructose being one of the main enzymes of carbohydrate metabolism. The objectives of this study were: to create a TILLING population in winter wheat; to identify new alleles of Ss1 gene; to compare relative expression of Ss1 in leaves and crowns of mutant versus wild type plants during cold acclimation.

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Characterization of the prehaustorial resistance against leaf rust (Puccinia triticina f. sp. tritici) in Einkorn (Triticum monococcum) by massive analysis of cDNA ends (MACE)
Albrecht Serfling1,2, Sven Templer1,3, Dragan Perovic1, Frank Ordon1

Triticum monococcum, a valuable source for horizontal resistance against P. triticina was analyzed microscopically and by transcriptional profiling. MACE showed the increased expression of chitinases, kinases, peroxidases and pathogenesis related genes in the first 8 hai. The high number of differentially expressd tags and the knowledge about SNPs facilitates in silico mapping and the development of polymorphic markers which may accelerate the transfer of this prehaustorial resistance

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Genetic progress in the Romanian triticale breeding program
Ittu Gheorghe*, Saulescu Nicolae, Ittu Mariana, Mustatea Pompiliu and Marinciu Cristina

Since 1984 yield raised up to 43 kg / ha¹ and year¹ or 0.74 % /year¹ this progress being achieved mainly by improving fertility of spikes, plumpness of kernel, the test weight and introduction of short straw RhtB1b (Rht1) and Ddw1 (Hl) genes. In order to improve the yield stability, under predictions of global climatic changes, improvement of genetic diversity to powdery mildew, leaf and yellow rusts, virus and spike diseases and also for pre-harvest sprouting are still demanded.

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Genotyping-by-Sequencing of a set of diverse spring barley (Hordeum vulgare) accessions
Tina Lüders (1), Jens Keilwagen (2), Neele Wendler (3), Axel Himmelbach (3), Rajiv Sharma (3), Benjamin Kilian (3,4), Nils Stein (3), Frank Ordon (1)

The poster presents a Genotyping-by-Sequencing (GBS) approach to saturate a set of diverse spring barley accessions with a high density of SNP markers.

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Genotyping-by-Sequencing of a set of diverse spring barley (Hordeum vulgare) accessions
Tina Lüders (1), Jens Keilwagen (2), Neele Wendler (3), Axel Himmelbach (3), Rajiv Sharma (3), Benjamin Kilian (3,4), Nils Stein (3), Frank Ordon (1)

The poster presents a Genotyping-by-Sequencing (GBS) approach to saturate a set of diverse spring barley accessions with a high density of SNP markers.

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A non-destructive method to assess changes in the biomass of small-grain cereals under field conditions
D. Villegas1, J. Lozano2 and C. Royo1

The poster describes a non-destructive method to assess biomass based on remote sensing techniques. This method is suitable for field phenotyping and it is useful to assess biomass evolution as well as to estimate radiation use efficiency.

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Genetic integrity of rice seeds during ageing and gene bank storage by SSR analysis
I. O. Daniel, K. A. Adeboye, O. W. Adabale, E. S. Aladele and A. Boerner

Rice seeds loose germination capacity with ageing. Loses in genetic integrity was found to occur during artificial ageing at a time when percentage germination declined to 54%.

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Characterization of nitrogen use efficiency in a winter wheat collection
István Monostori, Tamás Árendás, Fruzsina Szira, Gábor Galiba, Borbála Hoffmann, Attila Vágújfalvi

The first-year dataset of the three year experiment has been analysed. To find out, which genotype is recommended for intensive and which one is for extensive cultivation, the performances of the varieties were characterized under low and also under favourable nitrogen supply. The varieties were also ranked based on the increased level of their performance due to the nitrogen supply. Correlations between the measured phenotypic data and the NUE parameters were also calculated.

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Population structure and location of genes for resistance to Mycosphaerella graminicola: Recent advances in Argentina
María Rosa Simón1, Cristina A. Cordo2, Nadia S. Castillo3, Elena Khlestkina 4, Paul C. Struik5 and Andreas Börner6

A review about the status of the knowledge on septoria leaf blotch with emphasis in investigations carried out in Argentina is presented

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Scientific News
Multi-Gene Traits Increase Yields in Hybrid Corn Field Trials
Ceres’ results validate company's innovative approach for second-generation crop traits.
PHI-base – A Database To Protect Crop Yields And Human Health
Scientists at Rothamsted Research, in collaboration with other researchers globally have improved an Open Access internet resource that catalogues genes involved in host-pathogen interactions.
Chestnuts Roasting On An Open Fire
ORNL work with scientists funded by The American Chestnut Foundation confirms increased blight-resistance of former forest giant.
Rising Temperatures Predicted to Lower Wheat Yields
An international consortium of researchers has used big data sets to predict the effects climate change on global wheat yields.
Sowing The Seeds For Improved Food Security
Research from the University of Bath has shown that it is possible to improve both seed size and seed number, opening new avenues to increase crop yields and improving food security.
Gene Critical To The Development Of Low Arsenic Plants Identified
Identification of gene could pave way for low arsenic crops such as rice.
Sequencing of Cotton A-genome Could Boost Industry
Collaboration with Bayer CropScience could translate into better commercial varieties for growers.
New Genetic Markers To Combat Yellow Rust Disease In Wheat Identified
New study released identifying genetic markers that signal resistance to the wheat yellow rust pathogen.
Crowdsourcing Science To Beat Psa
Scientists are hoping that crowdsourcing knowledge from the international science community will help them find the answer to a lethal kiwifruit disease.
Some Plants Regenerate by Duplicating their DNA
A plant’s ability to duplicate its genome within individual cells influences its ability to regenerate.
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