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Dissecting molecular mechanisms related to blister blight resistance in tea: An EST approach
NIRAJ AGARWAL, Priyadarshini Bhorali, H. Ranjit Singh, Bornali Gohain, Raju Bharalee, Tirthankar Bandyopadhyay, Sushmita Gupta, Sourabh Kumar Das, Parveen Ahmed, Prasenjit Bhagwati, Neelakshi Bhattacharya, Sangeeta Borchetia and Sudripta Das

Blister blight (caused by Exobasidium vexans) is a destructive disease of tea (Camellia sinensis) in tea growing countries worldwide, that causes substantial losses. More than 10% of the transcripts were specifically induced in defence and/or signal transduction including master switch genes (transcription factors, kinases), R genes (NBS-LRR), phytohormone biosynthesis pathway genes, pathogenesis related genes and genes for antifungal peptides (chitinase, glucanase).

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Transcriptional and metabolic changes in drought tolerant potato expressing the TPS1 gene of yeast
Zsófia Juhász, Mihály Kondrák, Ferenc Marincs, Zsófia Bánfalvi

To increase drought tolerance of potato, transgenic plants expressing the trehalose-6-phosphate synthase (TPS1) gene of yeast were isolated. The transgenic potato plants exhibited improved drought tolerance, however, grow slower than the wild-type. To understand the molecular basis of this phenomenon, transcriptomes of the leaves of wild-type and TPS1-transgenic plants were analysed using a potato microarray. In addition, protein, starch, and sugar content of the leaves were investigated.

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Modelling the growth inhibition of common food spoilage and pathogenic micro-organisms in the presence of solvent extracts from Irish Crucifer vegetables
Shilpi Gupta, Amit K. Jaiswal, Nissreen Abu-Ghannam

Antimicrobial activity of Irish Brassica vegetables were evaluated against a number of food spoilage and pathogenic micro-organisms. Methanolic extracts from York Cabbage showed the best activity against Listeria monocyotgenes and Salmonella abony.

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Isothermal Equilibrium and Kinetic Study on the Adsorption of Copper (II) Ions by Dried Water Hyacinth Biomass (Eichhornia crassipes)
Riel Carlo O. Ingeniero, Teresita R. Perez

This study dealt with the determination of copper (Cu2+) ion adsorption capacity of dried roots and above ground vegetative structure of Eichhornia crassipes taken from Lake Palacpacquen in San Pablo, Laguna. Both the adsorption by roots and aerial portion fitted the Langmuir and Freundlich models suggesting that the biosorption mechanism is complex.

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Cows On Coke! Levamisole: A Livestock De-wormer in Cocaine
Michael Swerlowycz

A study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of levamisole where cocaine was detected in coronial specimens received at the Forensic Toxicology Laboratory. Cocaine-positive cases from January 2006 onwards were re-examined to determine the presence of levamisole. Recent specimens from the Drugs & Driving Laboratory were also examined in order to obtain comparison levamisole data from a range of living subjects

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The role of a light-upregulated NF-YB member in photosynthesis and development in Triticum aestivum

NF-Y TF is a heterotrimeric complex comprised of the three subunits: NF-YA, NF-YB and NF-YC. In plants each subunit is encoded by multiple genes with different mRNA expression profiles among plant organs, and in response to developmental and environmental stimuli.

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Impacts of climate on water-use and water-use efficiency of woodlands in the Sudanese Sahel region: a modelling study
Syed Ashraful Alam and Mike Starr

This poster dealt with the impacts of climate on water-use and water-use efficiency of woodlands in the Sudanese Sahel region. Results are based on global circulation models (GCMs).

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Carbon sequestration and water-use of woodlands across the Sudanese gum belt region
Syed Ashraful Alam and Mike Starr

This poster showed estimated results of soil and woodland biomass C densities and modeled water-use of woodlands across the Sudanese gum belt region

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Population Genetics of the Upland Chorus Frog (Pseudacris feriarum) in the Apalachicola Basin
Moses J. Michelsohn and Emily Moriarty Lemmon

Competing gene flow models were compared for the Upland Chorus Frog, Pseudacris feriarum, using the program Migrate-n.

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Showing Results 51 - 60 of 74
Scientific News
Plant Variants Point the Way to Improved Biofuel Production
Manufacturing biofuels from food crop by-products such as straw could be made quicker and cheaper thanks to a new study led by scientists at the University of York.
Improving Korean Wheat
Dae Wook Kim learns genetic screening techniques to develop a line of Korean wheat.
Merck Animal Health to Market Neogen's Dairy Genomic Program
Agreement to market Neogen's Igenity® Dairy Heifer Program.
A Big Step Towards More Efficient Photosynthesis
For the first time flowering plants have been successfully engineered to fix carbon like the blue-green algae do - this can potentially increase photosynthesis and yields in crop plants.
Corn Spots: Study Finds Important Genes in Defense Response
A number of candidate genes have been identified that appear to control the defense response in corn.
Genetic Basis for Rabbit Domestication Revealed
Research presents key findings in the DNA make-up of the common mammal’s brain and nervous system, which determines how wild rabbits were genetically transformed to domestic rabbits.
Scientists Looking Across Human, Fly and Worm Genomes Find Shared Biology
Studies reveal powerful commonalities in biological activity and regulation among species.
Genetics Used to Improve Plants for Bioenergy
An upcoming genetics investigation into the symbiotic association between soil fungi and feedstock plants for bioenergy production could lead to more efficient uptake of nutrients, which would help limit the need for expensive and polluting fertilizers.
Wild Sheep Show Benefits of Putting Up With Parasites
Researchers used 25 years of data on a population of wild sheep living on an island in northwest Scotland to assess the evolutionary importance of infection tolerance.
Completing Genome Sequence of Model Bacterium to Help Improve Grass-Crop Harvests
The soil bacterium, isolated from wheat roots in the central region of Argentina, has been used as a bio-fertiliser in agriculture during the last four decades.
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