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Advanced Cell Culture Techniques for Cancer Drug Discovery

Published: Thursday, June 12, 2014
Last Updated: Thursday, June 12, 2014
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This review focuses on the culturing of cell lines representative of solid cancers in advanced cell culture conditions.

Abstract
Human cancer cell lines are an integral part of drug discovery practices. However, modeling the complexity of cancer utilizing these cell lines on standard plastic substrata, does not accurately represent the tumor microenvironment. Research into developing advanced tumor cell culture models in a three-dimensional (3D) architecture that more prescisely characterizes the disease state have been undertaken by a number of laboratories around the world. These 3D cell culture models are particularly beneficial for investigating mechanistic processes and drug resistance in tumor cells. In addition, a range of molecular mechanisms deconstructed by studying cancer cells in 3D models suggest that tumor cells cultured in two-dimensional monolayer conditions do not respond to cancer therapeutics/compounds in a similar manner. Recent studies have demonstrated the potential of utilizing 3D cell culture models in drug discovery programs; however, it is evident that further research is required for the development of more complex models that incorporate the majority of the cellular and physical properties of a tumor

The review article, Advanced Cell Culture Techniques for Cancer Drug Discovery, is published online in the journal Biology and is free to access.


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