|EuroGentest: Reference Materials for Genetic Testing|
David E Barton, David Gancberg, Philippe Corbisier, Sarah Berwouts, Elisabeth Dequeker and Christine Brady
The lack of reference materials (RMs) for most genetic tests causes difficulties in validating and developing new assays, and results in tests being run without proper quality controls. EuroGentest and the EU-funded network for Medical Genetics, is addressing this issue by defining the present and future needs for RMs, setting priorities for and supporting the development of new RMs and building an enduring network involving all stakeholders in RM development.
|Preliminary Report: The Geriatric Propamed Study: Prospective pharmacopgenetics in geriatrics|
Dr LS Griffith, Dr L Chialda and Dr A Pahl
In a worldwide first proscpective phamacogenetic study preliminary results show reduction of adverse drug reactions and hospitilisation stays for geriatric patients after pharmacogenetic testing and medication interaction analysis to fit the medicine to the patient.
|Development of a Lab-on-a-Chip for the Characterization of Human Cells |
Richter, L., Stepper, C., Mak, A., Brückl, H. and Ertl, P.
Cell chips are developed to continuously monitor mammalian cell population dynamics in a non-invasive manner. In the presented work we describe the design, fabrication and characterization of a lab-on-a-chip for quantitative cell analysis.
|Label-free Identification of Microorganisms using a Contact-less Dielectric Microsensor|
Ertl, P., Richter, L., Reinthaler, A., Stepper, C., Mak, A., Kast, M., Heer, R. and Brückl, H.
Microfabricated biochips are developed to continuously monitor cell population dynamics in a non-invasive manner. In the presented work we describe the novel combination of contact-less dielectric microsensors and microfluidics to promote biofilm formation for quantitative cell analysis.
|DNA Methylation Analysis – Reliable Cell Characterization in Regenerative Medicine|
Uli Hoffmueller, Stephen Rapko, Udo Baron, Georg Wieczorek, Alexander Hellwag, Cornelia Krüger, Stefan Kärst, Leslie Wolfe and Sven Olek
We demonstrate that DNA methylation patterns can serve as characteristic markers to distinguish different cell types. We have identified panels of methylation markers that are specific to mesenchymal stem cells or various differentiated cell types in the mesenchymal lineage. This method of cell type identification has a number of advantages over conventional markers in that it is robust, is both qualitative and quantitative.
|EM Algorithm for Gene Copy Number Estimation Using TaqMan® Assays|
Catalin Barbacioru, Kelly Li, Caifu Chen and Raymond Samaha
Recently, TaqMan® assays have been developed for detection of genetic variation at gene level using primers and probes designed for genomic DNA sequences. The R package TaqGCN contains classes and methods that can be used for data reading and plotting, and for predicting gene copy number.
|EasyBeacons™ - new Probes Ideal for Realtime PCR Detection of Methylation Status of Single CpG Duplets and SNPs|
K. Skadhauge, C. Nielsen & U.B. Christensen
The EasyBeacons™ presented here are based on the novel technology Intercalating Nucleic Acid, INA®, linked to a fluorophore and a quencher. INA® is composed of normal DNA nucleotides and Intercalating Pseudo Nucleotides (IPNs). The fact that the EasyBeacons™ are mostly composed of normal DNA nucleotides means that in many respects EasyBeacons™ behave like DNA based probes, allowing use of standard buffers, primers and enzymes and hence reduces the optimisation efforts.
|Real-time PCR in Diagnostics of Plant Viruses |
Mehle N., Boben J. and Ravnikar M.
Sensitive and specific method real-time PCR was developed for diagnostics of certain plant viruses. Real-time PCR can be used for determination of different viruses as well as for differentiation between related strains of viruses. The method can also be used for detection of low concentrations of plant viruses in various samples such as environmental waters, growth substrates and seeds.
|Real-Time Multiplex Rt-PCR on Circulating Tumor Cells|
Anieta M. Sieuwerts, Stefan Sleijfer, Jaco Kraan, Joan Bolt-de Vries, Jan-Willem Gratama, John WM Martens and John A. Foekens
Using the CTC kit (CellSearch™), cells that attached to anti-EpCAM Moab were immunomagnetically separated and used for analysis of a selected pilot set of 32 genes by real time RT-PCR. This study shows the feasibility of multiple gene expression analysis on RNA isolated from only one tumor cell. Most importantly, expression analysis of several tumor-specific genes in blood samples containing only 2 tumor cells is already possible.
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