|A pico-liter semi-automated screening method for morphological identification of microorganisms from environmental samples|
Ms. Charmi Chande, Dr. Ravindra Phadke
An economically feasible microfabrication protocol was developed for fabricating micro features used for bacterial analysis from environmental samples like soil and green sulfur bacteria sample. Organisms were classified in 11 morphotypes by using open source Image analysis software named CMEIAS and the standardized protocol was confirmed by viable count and pure culture study
|Busted! First Detection of Steroid Hormones in Pacific Walrus Bones|
Charapata P, Horstmann L, and Misarti N
The Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens) is a candidate species for the Endangered Species List because Arctic sea ice has declined significantly in the past decades. This project focuses on validating a method for extracting steroid hormones from archaeological, historical, and modern bone creating a baseline of hormone levels during different climate regimes.
|Experimental Evolution in Diatoms - Thermal longterm acclimation in two model diatom species|
Katrin Schmidt1, Sinéad Collins2, Thomas Mock1
Experimental Evolution in two model Diatoms
|METHOD DEVELOPMENT FOR THE SIMULTANEOUS DETERMINATION OF METHYLMERCURY AND INORGANIC MERCURY IN SEAFOOD|
Sergio Carneado, Ariane V. Zmozinski, Carmen Ibáñez-Palomino, Àngels Sahuquillo, José Fermín López-Sánchez, Márcia M. da Silva
This work reports the method development for the simultaneous determination of methylmercury (MeHg+) and inorganic mercury (iHg) species in seafood. The study focused on the extraction and quantification of MeHg+ by liquid chromatography coupled to on-line UV irradiation and cold vapour atomic fluorescence spectroscopy (LC-UV-HG-AFS), using HCl 4 mol L-1 as extractant agent.
|Relationships between Water Quality Constituents in the Delta and the Influence of Different Sources of Water|
Richard A. Denton and Paul Hutton
Analysis of detailed grab sample data from San Francisco Bay and Delta and development of regression relationships between EC, TDS and water quality constituents such as chloride, bromide, sodium, calcium, sulfate, alkalinity and hardness. The relationships in the interior Delta vary depending upon the percentage contributions from seawater, agricultural drainage and freshwater inflows.
|Leveraging CI-H Mass Defect Plots for the Identification of Halogenated Organic Contaminants|
Jonathan D. Byer, Mehran Alaee, Karl Jobst, Grazina Pacepavicius, Joe Binkley
A number of legacy contaminants and other pesticides, as well as a number of previously unknown compounds were tentatively identified in the pooled sample. Cl-H mass defect plots are a useful tool for filtering through complex data for the identification of halogenated contaminants. This technique functions as a screening tool for the identification of unknowns, and in the future, may be used as a form of fingerprinting to compare samples.
|Flash Pyrolysis Coupled to GCxGC-TOFMS and GC-High Resolution TOFMS for Characterization of Crude Oil and Petroleum Fractions|
Clecio F. Klitzke, Joe Binkley, Jeffrey Patrick
The pyrolysis of asphaltenes from discrete crude oil samples shows distinct composition in terms of light and heavy aromatic hydrocarbons and alkyldibenzo-thiophenes. The use of Py–GC×GC–TOFMS is crucial for the determination of isomeric composition, and Py–GC–HRTOFMS with high resolution and high mass accuracy complements the identification by unequivocal chemical formula assignments. The study of the relationships of the crude oil and asphaltene composition are in progress.
|Microextraction techniques combined with X-ray fluorescence spectrometry for determination of different metal ions in water|
Karina Kocot (a), Beata Zawisza (a), Eva Marguí (b), Ignasi Queralt (c), Rafal Sitko (a)
In present work new preconcentration procedures combining microextraction techniques and X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy were developed. Proposed methodologies are promising tools for multielemental analysis enabling detection of natural pollutants in different water samples.
|Effects of aquaculture effluents on nitrogen characteristics in two Chinese estuaries|
David Kaiser, Lucia S. Herbeck
The poster describes similarities and differences of the effects aquaculture effluents have on the nitrogen composition in estuarine waters of two sites in southern China