Corporate Banner
Satellite Banner
Food & Beverage Analysis
Scientific Community
 
Become a Member | Sign in
Home>News>This Article
  News
Return

High-Throughput NMR Assessment of the Tertiary Structure of Food Allergens

Published: Thursday, July 19, 2012
Last Updated: Thursday, July 19, 2012
Bookmark and Share
The aim of the study was to apply 1D 1H-NMR spectroscopy to structural analysis of a range of allergens from major allergen families and to assess its potential as an effective high throughput method.

Background:
In vitro
component-resolved diagnosis of food allergy requires purified allergens that have to meet high standards of quality. These include the authentication of their conformation, which is relevant for the recognition by specific IgE antibodies from allergic patients. Therefore, highly sensitive and reliable screening methods for the analysis of proteins/allergens are required to assess their structural integrity. In the present study one-dimensional 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1D 1H-NMR) analysis was adopted for the assessment of overall structural and dynamic properties and authentication of a set of relevant food allergens, including non-specific lipid transfer proteins from apple, peach and hazelnut, 7/8S seed storage globulins from hazelnut and peanut, 11S seed storage globulins from hazelnut and peanut, caseins from cows' and goats' milk and tropomyosin from shrimp.

Methodology/principal findings:
Two sets of 1D 1H-NMR experiments, using 700 MHz and 600 MHz instruments at 298 K were carried out to determine the presence and the extent of tertiary structure. Structural similarity among members of the individual allergen families was also assessed and changes under thermal stress investigated. The nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) results were compared with structural information available either from the literature, Protein Data Bank entries, or derived from molecular models.

Conclusions/significance:
1D 1H-NMR analysis of food allergens allowed their classification into molecules with rigid, extended and ordered tertiary structures, molecules without a rigid tertiary structure and molecules which displayed both features. Differences in thermal stability were also detected. In summary, 1D 1H-NMR gives insights into molecular fold of proteins and offers an independent method for assessing structural properties of proteins.

The article is published online in the journal PLoS ONE and is free to access.


Further Information

Join For Free

Access to this exclusive content is for Technology Networks Premium members only.

Join Technology Networks Premium for free access to:

  • Exclusive articles
  • Presentations from international conferences
  • Over 2,900+ scientific posters on ePosters
  • More than 4,200+ scientific videos on LabTube
  • 35 community eNewsletters


Sign In



Forgotten your details? Click Here
If you are not a member you can join here

*Please note: By logging into TechnologyNetworks.com you agree to accept the use of cookies. To find out more about the cookies we use and how to delete them, see our privacy policy.

Related Content

Acetaldehyde and Formaldehyde Content in Foods
Korean researchers have determined the content of the toxic and carcinogenic aldehydes, acetaldehyde and formaldehyde, in a variety of food groups.
Monday, November 09, 2015
Comparison of Caffeinated and Decaffeinated Coffee - Implications for Alzheimer's Disease
Researchers from the National University of Singapore successfully demonstrated the viability of GC-TOF-MS as an analytical platform for metabolomics analysis of coffee samples.
Monday, September 08, 2014
Immunochromatographic Assay for Rapid Salmonella Detection
The test strip described in the study would be beneficial for poultry farms and other veterinary production for the monitoring of S. Typhimurium and/or S. Enteritidis contamination.
Tuesday, August 12, 2014
Application of MALDI-TOF MS for the Identification of Food Borne Bacteria
MALDI-TOF MS is a promising platform for quick, flexible, and reliable identification of food microbial isolates.
Tuesday, April 29, 2014
Monitoring and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Residues in Commercially Dried Vegetables
The study aimed to analyze the presence of 253 pesticides commonly used on dried vegetables and to check their compliance with existing regulations.
Tuesday, March 11, 2014
Determination of Cyanogenic Compounds in Edible Plants by Ion Chromatography
Ion chromatography following acid hydrolysis was employed to prevent thiocyanate interference of the colorimetric methods.
Tuesday, December 10, 2013
LC-MS/MS-Based Multibiomarker Approaches for the Assessment of Human Exposure to Mycotoxins
To overcome the disadvantages of indirect methods, biomarker approaches were developed as a biomonitoring tool for some major mycotoxins.
Wednesday, November 13, 2013
Predictors of Obesity: The "Power" of the Omics
Diet and nutrient biomarkers should provide objective measures of dietary intake and nutritional status, as well as an integrated measure of intake, absorption and metabolism.
Friday, October 25, 2013
Optical Biosensors for Food Quality and Safety Assurance
With high specificity, convenience and quick response there is growing interest in biosensors for food safety testing.
Monday, October 07, 2013
Pesticide Residue Screening Using a Novel Artificial Neural Network Combined with a Bioelectric Cellular Biosensor
Researchers have developed and trained a customized feed forward artificial neural network for the classification of the pesticide groups, pyrethroids, carbamates, and organophosphates.
Friday, September 20, 2013
Effect of Trans Fatty Acid Intake on LC-MS and NMR Plasma Profiles
In this study, NMR and LC-MS untargeted metabolomics has been used as an approach to explore the impact of trans fatty acid intake on plasma metabolites.
Tuesday, August 13, 2013
Low Density Solvent-Based Dispersive Liquid-Liquid Microextraction for the Determination of Synthetic Antioxidants in Beverages by HPLC
In this study, researchers propose a method that could be used for monitoring as well as controlling the synthetic antioxidants in aqueous food samples.
Wednesday, July 31, 2013
What's New in the Diagnosis and Management of Food Allergy in Children?
With the increasing worldwide prevalence of food allergy comes a renewed impetus for improving diagnosis and management.
Monday, June 24, 2013
Genetically Modified Crops and Food Security
Although GM crops are not a panacea for the problems of hunger and malnutrition, evidence suggests that GM crops can be an important component in a broader food security strategy.
Monday, June 24, 2013
A Simple HPLC Method for Determining the Purine Content of Beer and Beer-Like Alcoholic Beverages
In this article researchers from Teikyo University report an improved method for determining small amounts of purines in alcoholic beverages.
Wednesday, May 29, 2013
Scientific News
Low-Cost, Portable NQR Spectroscopy
A researcher at Case Western Reserve University is developing a low-cost, portable prototype designed to detect tainted medicines and food supplements that otherwise can make their way to consumers. The technology can authenticate good medicines and supplements.
Chemical Used to Replace BPA is Potentially Toxic
This study is the first to examine the effects of BPA and BPS on brain cells and genes that control the growth and function of organs involved in reproduction.
Toxic Pollutants Found in Fish Across the World's Oceans
Scripps researchers' analysis shows highly variable pollutant concentrations in fish meat.
Weight-loss Supplements Containing Raspberry Ketone May Be Harmful
New study by the researchers suggests that raspberry ketone may have several adverse effects.
Quantifying C. botulinum Spores
A study from the Institute of Food Research has provided new evidence on the background levels of spores of Clostridium botulinum in raw food ingredients that is helping the food industry deliver safe chilled foods more sustainably.
Single Molecule Detection of Contaminants, Explosives or Diseases
A technique that combines the ultrasensitivity of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) with a slippery surface invented by Penn State researchers will make it feasible to detect single molecules of a number of chemical and biological species from gaseous, liquid or solid samples.
Should I Throw Away Food Once a Fly Has Landed on it?
Flies can be a substantial annoyance and may also be a potential health risk.
New Year, Old Beer
A bottle of Alexander Keith’s beer has been keeping Dal Engineering prof Andrew MacIntosh busy at work this week.
Sensor Detects Toxins Leaching from Plastic
Engineers from Massey University have developed a highly sensitive device able to detect synthetic compounds that leach from plastic food packaging into the contained food or beverage.
New BPA Detection Tests
Scientists from the JRC developed fit-for-purpose analytical methods for the determination of bisphenol A and 12 similar substances (analogues) in food matrices to support possible future monitoring studies.
SELECTBIO

Skyscraper Banner
Go to LabTube
Go to eposters
 
Access to the latest scientific news
Exclusive articles
Upload and share your posters on ePosters
Latest presentations and webinars
View a library of 1,800+ scientific and medical posters
2,900+ scientific and medical posters
A library of 2,500+ scientific videos on LabTube
4,200+ scientific videos
Close
Premium CrownJOIN TECHNOLOGY NETWORKS PREMIUM FOR FREE!