Corporate Banner
Satellite Banner
Genomics
Scientific Community
 
Become a Member | Sign in
Home>News>This Article
  News
Return

Resolving the Structure of a Single Biological Molecule

Published: Tuesday, April 29, 2014
Last Updated: Tuesday, April 29, 2014
Bookmark and Share
Utilising AFM, researchers observed variations in keyways for proteins that may aid our understanding of the genetic information in DNA.

Researchers at the London Centre for Nanotechnology have determined the structure of DNA from measurements on a single molecule, and found that this structure is not as regular as one might think, reports the journal Small.

Our life depends on molecular machinery that is continuously at work in our bodies. The structure of these nanometre-scale machines is thus at the heart of our understanding of health and disease. This is very apparent in the case of the Watson-Crick DNA double-helix structure, which has been the key to understanding how genetic information is stored and passed on.

Watson and Crick’s discovery was based on diffraction of X-rays by millions of ordered and aligned DNA molecules. This method is extremely powerful and still used today – in a more evolved form – to determine the structure of biological molecules. It has the important drawbacks, however, that it only provides static, averaged pictures of molecular structures and that it relies on the accurate ordering and alignment of many molecules. This process, called crystallisation, can prove very challenging.

Building on previous work in Dr Bart Hoogenboom’s research group at the London Centre for Nanotechnology, and in collaboration with the National Physical Laboratory, first author Alice Pyne has applied “soft-touch” atomic force microscopy to large, irregularly arranged and individual DNA molecules. In this form of microscopy, a miniature probe is used to feel the surface of the molecules one by one, rather than seeing them.

To demonstrate the power of their method, Pyne, Hoogenboom and collaborators have measured the structure of a single DNA molecule, finding on average good agreement with the structure as it has been known since Watson and Crick. Strikingly, however, the single-molecule images also reveal significant variations in the depths of grooves in the double helix structure.

While the origin of the observed variations is not yet fully understood, it is known that these grooves act as keyways for proteins (molecular keys) that determine to which extent a gene is expressed in a living cell. The observation of variations in these keyways may thus help us to determine the mechanisms by which living cells promote and suppress the use of genetic information stored in their DNA.

The article, Single-molecule reconstruction of oligonucleotide secondary structure by atomic force microscopy, is available to access online. 


Further Information

Join For Free

Access to this exclusive content is for Technology Networks Premium members only.

Join Technology Networks Premium for free access to:

  • Exclusive articles
  • Presentations from international conferences
  • Over 3,100+ scientific posters on ePosters
  • More than 4,500+ scientific videos on LabTube
  • 35 community eNewsletters


Sign In



Forgotten your details? Click Here
If you are not a member you can join here

*Please note: By logging into TechnologyNetworks.com you agree to accept the use of cookies. To find out more about the cookies we use and how to delete them, see our privacy policy.


Scientific News
Insight into Bacterial Resilience and Antibiotic Targets
Variant of CRISPR technology paired with computerized imaging reveals essential gene networks in bacteria.
Illuminating Hidden Gene Regulators
New super-resolution technique visualizes important role of short-lived enzyme clusters.
Genes That Increase Children's Risk Of Blood Infection Identified
A team led by Oxford University has identified genes that make certain children more susceptible to invasive bacterial infections by performing a large genome-wide association study in African children.
Poverty Marks a Gene, Predicting Depression
New study of high-risk teens reveals a biological pathway for depression.
World’s Largest Coral Gene Database
‘Genetic toolkit’ will help shed light on which species survive climate change.
Early Genetic Changes in Premalignant Colorectal Tissue Identified
Findings point to drivers of early cancer development, targets for cancer prevention therapies.
Scientists Find Evidence That Cancer Can Arise Changes
Researchers at Rockefeller University have found a mutation that affects the proteins that package DNA without changing the DNA itself can cause a rare form of cancer.
Modified Microalgae Converts Sunlight into Valuable Medicine
A special type of microalgae can soon produce valuable chemicals such as cancer treatment drugs and much more just by harnessing energy from the sun.
Breakthrough Approach to Breast Cancer Treatment
Scripps scientists have designed a drug candidate that decreases growth of breast cancer cells.
Loss Of Y Chromosome Increases Risk Of Alzheimer’s
Men with blood cells that do not carry the Y chromosome are at greater risk of being diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease. This is in addition to an increased risk of death from other causes, including many cancers. These new findings by researchers at Uppsala University could lead to a simple test to identify those at risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease.
Skyscraper Banner

SELECTBIO Market Reports
Go to LabTube
Go to eposters
 
Access to the latest scientific news
Exclusive articles
Upload and share your posters on ePosters
Latest presentations and webinars
View a library of 1,800+ scientific and medical posters
3,100+ scientific and medical posters
A library of 2,500+ scientific videos on LabTube
4,500+ scientific videos
Close
Premium CrownJOIN TECHNOLOGY NETWORKS PREMIUM FOR FREE!