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Training rural Guatemalan midwives to assess newborn gestational age
KC Bly, Christina Ha, Teresa Keirns, Amy Levi, Lisa Thompson

Half of rural Guatemala's population is indigenous; most births are attended at home by traditional midwives. Perinatal mortality is 2nd highest in Latin America. We administered a survey and implemented a training aimed at reducing perinatal mortality.

Chemically Modified Primers for Improved Multiplexed PCR
Elena Hidalgo Ashrafi, Tony Le, Alexandre Lebedev, Richard Hogrefe, Victor Timoshchuk, Sabrina Shore, Inna Koukhareva and Natasha Paul

Multiplex PCR is an advantageous technique used in PCR applications to amplify multiple targets in a single reaction. As useful as it is, this technique presents a new set of challenges that further complicates PCR setup. For example, reactions are more prone to off-target amplifications such as mis-priming and primer dimer due to the increased number of primer pairs. Furthermore, preferential amplification of certain targets leads to an unequal distribution of amplicon products, making quantifi

Hot Start dNTPs - A Novel Tool for Controlled Nucleotide Incorporation in PCR
Tony Le, Elena Hidalgo Ashrafi, Sabrina Shore, Victor Timoshchuk, Natasha Paul, Richard Hogrefe, Inna Koukhareva, Alexandre Lebedev

PCR is a widely used scientific tool employed by a variety of applications. Various Hot Start technologies have already been developed using modified PCR components to increase specificity of a reaction. Recently developed CleanAmpTM dNTPs are modified nucleoside triphosphates with a thermolabile 3’-tetrahydrofuranyl protecting group that is released at higher temperatures. These modified dNTPs prevent low temperature primer extension, which can often be a significant problem in PCR. At higher t

Gene List Significance Index (GLSI) improves our method High Performance Chip Data Analysis dramatically - Quantifying the quality of different lists of analyzed significant genes
Joachim R. Grün (1), Andreas Grützkau (1), Marta Steinbrich-Zöllner (3) Thomas Häupl (2), Ria Baumgrass (1), Jochen Sieper (3), Gerd-Rüdiger Burmester (2), Andreas Radbruch (1)

Our gene expression profiling strategy High Performance Chip Data Analysis (HPCDA) was improved with a method for quantifying the quality of different gene lists (GLs) with the new Gene List Significance Index (GLSI). With GLSI it is possible to decide which of two different extracted GLs has highest fraction of true positives, of high fold change or low p-value genes. With GLSI we could empirically optimize HPCDA-Score for ranking genes.

A simple, fast and quantitative single-step dead-cell indicator for flow cytometry
Jixiang Liu, Jolene Bradford, Chris Langsdorf

We have evaluated a series of new compounds for dead cell stain and identified a new product, SYTOX® AADvancedTM dead cell stain, which demonstrates improved properties over 7-AAD. These properties make the SYTOX® AADvancedTM dead cell stain a simple, fast and quantitative single-step no-wash dead-cell indicator as well as ideal for use in multicolor application requiring DNA content.

Protein array-based screening of autoantibody signatures
Zingaretti C., Arigò M., Colombatto P., Brunetto M., Muratori L., Bonino F., Bianchi F., Pagani M., De Francesco R., Abrignani S., Bombaci M.

The evidence for an association between autoimmune diseases and chronic HCV infection has been clearly established. To this aim, a protein array was employed to analyze serum samples of HCV patients w/wo autoimmune complications, of patients with autoimmune hepatitis but not infected with HCV and of healthy donors as controls. A panel of autoantigens able to discriminate among the three groups of patients was identified for potential use as biomarkers.

PROTEOME WIDE PLASMA PROFILING USING ANTIBODY SUSPENSION BEAD ARRAYS
Maja Neiman, Ulrika Igel, Burcu Ayoglu, Kimi Drobin, Mathias Uhlén, Peter Nilsson and Jochen M. Schwenk

A newly developed antibody suspension bead array assay allows for a systematic and high-throughput plasma profiling. This microtiter based assay uses antibody-coupled beads for a multiplexed analysis of minute amounts of directly labelled samples. The key requirement of a?nity reagents towards all human proteins is met by the Human Protein Atlas project.

Inhibition of DNA methylation does not overcome docetaxel resistance in human breast cancer cells
Kastl L, Brown I, Schofield A

DNA mehtylation can lead to chemotherapy resistance in cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of DNA methylation in docetaxel-resistant human breast cancer cells. Whereas the DNA methylation machinery is altered in docetaxel-resistant human breast cancer cells compared to docetaxel-sensitive human breast cancer cells, resistance to docetaxel could not be reversed using the DNA methylation inhibitor decitabine.

MitoProd patented technology for RNA manufacturing and its novel circular interfering RNA
Jérome Lacoste*, Guillaume Plane*, and Jean-Paul Di Rago**

Here is a description of MitoProd patented technology for RNA manufacturing, permitting a recurring production of RNA in industrial quantities. This technology enables the production of custom RNA at a gram scale, 99 % full length and 95% pure. MitoProd has also designed a new class of interfering RNA called ciRNA®, which have improved features such as RNAses resistance and an increased in vivo efficiency compared to siRNAs.

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Showing Results 121 - 130 of 262
Scientific News
New Research Unlocks a Mystery of Albinism
A team led by Brown University biologists has discovered the way in which a specific genetic mutation appears to lead to the lack of melanin production underlying a form of albinism.
Study Finds Genetic Clue To Menopause-Like Condition In Young Women
NIH-funded research may also contribute to understanding normal menopause.
Therapeutic Strategy May Treat a Childhood Neurological Disorder
Researchers have identified a possible therapy to treat neurofibromatosis type 1 or NF1.
People May Inherit ‘Gut’ Bacteria That Cause Crohn’s Disease And Ulcerative Colitis
Discovery is another step toward prevention and treatment of 1.6 million Americans with inflammatory bowel disease.
Long Noncoding RNAs: A Novel Prognostic Marker in Older Patients with Acute Leukemia
This study describes a new marker that might help doctors choose the least toxic, most effective treatment for older patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
Proteins Drive Cancer Cells To Change States
When RNA-binding proteins are turned on, cancer cells get locked in a proliferative state.
Signaling Mechanism Could Be Target For Survival, Growth Of Tumor Cells In Brain Cancer
Non-canonical EGFR signalling shown to make glioblastoma tumor cells more resistant to chemotherapy treatment.
Study Sheds New Light on Relationship Between Personality and Health
Study examine the relationship between certain personality traits and the expression of genes.
New Way To Turn Genes On
Technique allows rapid, large-scale studies of gene function.
CSHL Team Finds a Way to Make shRNA Gene Knockdown More Effective
A powerful algorithm that improves the effectiveness of an important research technology.
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