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Specificity and functionality of microRNA inhibitors
Barbara Robertson, Andrew Dalby, Jon Karpilow, Anastasia Khvorova, Devin Leake and Annaleen Vermeulen

Our findings indicate that features important for natural miRNA target recognition also appear to be important for inhibitor specificity. Understanding the specificity of inhibitors allows for better interpretation of inhibitor activity in endogenous systems.

Alternative miRNA design for therapeutic RNAi applications
Anja van Brabant Smith, Barb Robertson, Annaleen Vermeulen, Christina Yamada, Angela Reynolds, Anastasia Khvorova, Devin Leake

For in vivo applications, the design of miRNA inhibitors and miRNA mimics must be optimized for stability and potency. However, stabilized miRNA mimic molecules can lose functionality compared to standard miRNA mimic molecules due, in part, to the activity of the stabilized passenger strand acting as a miRNA inhibitor. We discuss how mismatches affect the activity of the stabilized miRNA mimics, perhaps by generating a passenger strand that is less functional as an inhibitor molecule.

Integrating Fluorescent Carbon Nanodot Synthesis and Optical Detection of Methylmercury
Carlos Bendicho, Isabel Costas-Mora, Vanesa Romero, Isela Lavilla

In the last years, a great interest toward development of optical nanoprobes has arisen, so fluorescent nanomaterials have been implemented in analytical systems for the detection of several species. In this work, a novel assay that integrates the synthesis of fluorescent carbon dots (CDs) and sensing within one step, for the fast, sensitive and selective detection of methylmercury is presented.

Impact of Molecular Surface Charge on Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy Biosensing
Y. Ram, T. Yoetz-Kopelman, A. Freeman and Y. Shacham-Diamand

Molecular surface charge was found to be the dominant parameter when monitoring protein binding events by Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy with a charged redox couple. A biosensing device was fabricated, and a physical model was derived to explain the results.

Droplet-on-Demand Platform for Biochemical Screening & Drug Discovery
L.D. van Vliet1*, F. Gielen1, A. Sinha2, B.T. Koprowski3, J.B. Edel4, X.Niu5, A.J. deMello3, F. Hollfelder1, & J. Motschman2

To demonstrate droplet on demand applications towards study of biological entities encapsulated in nanoliter droplets. Interfacing a droplet on demand platform with microfluidic chips allows for merging and dilution of droplets. This feature is applied to encapsulate yeast cells (S. cerevisiae) and multicellular organisms (C. elegans).

Investigating the Effects of Commercial Antimicrobial Agents on Human Corneal Epithelial Cell Membranes
Ian J. Horner, Jerod J. Hurst, Nadine D. Kraut, Alyssa A. Rook, Crystal M. Collado, G Ekin-Atilla Gokcumen, and Frank V. Bright

Several commercial multi-purpose solutions (MPS) products contain polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB) and/or polyquaternium-1 (PQ-1) as antimicrobial agents. In this poster we report the effects of PHMB and PQ-1 on small unilamellar vesicles (SUV) that we have designed to mimic the average human corneal epithelial cell membrane.

Direct Targets Identification of a Bioactive Compound
Sylvain Blanc, Paul Bradley, Marie-Edith Gourdel, Michael Cholay, Gisèle Guimèse, Mike Mckenzie, George Nasi, Jean-Christophe and Barbara Ruggiero

Identifying protein partners of a small bioactive molecule is of great
interest in many aspects of life sciences and specifically in the drug
discovery and development process cycle. It is a support to (i) decipher
the mechanism of action after for example a “High Content” screening,
(ii) study “off-target” effects, (iii) adjust therapeutic indications and
clinical regimens of a drug and (iv) consider drug repositioning.

3D-Tissue/ Whole-blood Co-culture Models Combined with Multi-Analyte Profile (MAP) Analyses for In-vivo-like Immunopharmacology
Stein GM, Joos T, Schmolz M

Human Organotypic Test (HOT) Systems aim at in-vivo like substance characterisation of all preparations meant to act on the human immune system.

A multiplexed amplicon sequencing technology for FFPE and circulating, cell-free DNA
Laurie Kurihara, Catherine Couture, Julie Laliberte, Sukhinder Sandhu, Jonathan Irish, Tim Harkins and Vladimir Makarov

A novel amplicon approach allowing for hundreds of amplicons to be multiplexed in a single tube with a two workflow from sample to sequencer.

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Showing Results 11 - 20 of 302
Scientific News
The Switch That Might Tame The Most Aggressive Of Breast Cancers
Garvan researchers have found that so-called ‘triple-negative breast cancers’ are two distinct diseases that likely originate from different cell types. They have also found a gene that drives the aggressive disease, and hope to find a way to ‘switch it off’.
Gene Editing Technique Mastered In Mosquito That Transmits Deadly Diseases
Technique will help researchers learn more about the role of genes that are involved in mosquito propagation.
Genetic Mutation Helps Explain Why, In Rare Cases, Flu Can Kill
Study shows that immune response to flu can be affected by a rare genetic mutation.
Honey Bees Use Multiple Genetic Pathways To Fight Infections
The findings may help scientists develop honey bee treatments that are tailored to specific types of infections.
New Autism-Causing Genetic Variant Identified
Novel approach expected to be useful for other diseases too.
Blood Test Could Help Bowel Cancer Patients Avoid Drug Side-Effects
Manchester researchers have provided early evidence to suggest that a blood test could be used to identify bowel cancer patients that may benefit from more intensive chemotherapy.
Link Between Genetic Variation And Alcohol Dependence
The discovery could help scientists develop more effective drugs to combat alcoholism.
Comparing The Genomes Of The Leprosy Bacteria
EPFL scientists have compared for the first time the genomes of the two bacteria species that cause leprosy. The study shows how the two species evolved from a common ancestor 13.9 million years ago, and offers new insights into their biology that could lead to new treatments.
Bright New Hope for Beating Deadly Hereditary Stomach and Breast Cancers
Researchers use genomic screening to search for vulnerabilities in the cancer cells.
Los Alamos Creates Bioinformatics Tool for Metagenome Analysis
‘GOTTCHA’ tool could aid ID of co-infections in medical samples.
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