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Novel Gpr39 Agonists: Correlation Of Binding Affinity Using Label-Free Back-Scattering Interferometry With Potency In Functional Assays
Daniel Brown (1), Niklas Larsson (2), Ola Fjellström (3), Anders Johansson (3), Sara Lundqvist (2), Johan Brengdahl (2), and Richard J. Isaacs (1)

We describe the application of back-scattering interferometry (BSI) to the characterization of small molecule ligand binding to human GPR39 (a GPCR targeted for type-2 diabetes therapy) overexpressed in crude membrane fractions in free solution, including how BSI-derived affinity and functional assay-derived potency correlate for compounds of varying scaffolds

MAB Discovery Technology: A Smart Way to Highly Diverse and Functional Therapeutic Antibodies
Hans-Willi Krell

MAB Discovery GmbH developped a highly integrated process which provides diverse antibodies by starting with a high number of B cells and filtering the relevant antibodies by an early-on functional screening.

PRESEPSIN, A SOLUBLE CD14-SUBTYPE, A POSSIBLE NEW BIOMARKER INCREASES IN SEPTIC PATIENTS’ PLASMA FROM PEDIATRIC DEPARTMENT.
Hayato YAMAGUCHI1), Satoshi KIMURA1), Seiji FUKUOKA1), Emiko NAKAMA1), Hideyasu OTO2), Makoto INOUE2), Takashi SOGA2), Shigetaka KITAZAWA2), Yoh UMEDA2)

Increased plasma concentration of soluble CD14-subtype (presepsin) was observed in pediatric patients with bacteremia. Presepsin could be a possible biomarker of sepsis in pediatric patients, however, their reference interval in children could be lower than that of adults. More studies with larger number of samples are required to confirm the result.

A Novel Approach Toward Microfluidic Drug Metabolite Synthesis – Electrosynthetic Methodology Simulating Cytochrome (CYP450) Oxidation
Romain Stalder, Gregory P. Roth and Philip Podmore

A novel microfluidic technology and electrochemical synthesis method is demonstrated for the efficient generation of known drug metabolites. These metabolites are typically generated on first pass hepatic oxidation in vivo. The FLUX Module, a new microfluidic electrochemical cell manufactured by Syrris Ltd., has been employed to generate the metabolites of five commercial drugs: Tolbutamide, Chlorpromazine, Diclofenac, Primidone and Albendazole.

A complete workflow from sample preparation to analysis using SureSelect target enrichment system for Ion Proton semiconductor sequencing
Christian Le Cocq, Kyeong Soo Jeong, Arjun Vadapalli, Joseph Ong, Elin Agne, Filip Karlsson, Ashutosh Ashutosh, Francisco Useche, Jayati Ghosh, Henrik Johansson, Scott Happe, Douglas Roberts, and Holly Hogrefe

Agilent’s SureSelect Target Enrichment for the Ion Proton Platform provides a comprehensive, efficient, robust, and cost-effective means to sequence subsets of the human genome.

Mutation Induction in Sucrose Synthase 1 to Study Cold Acclimation in Winter Wheat
Rita Armoniene, Gintaras Brazauskas

Sucrose synthase (Ss) catalyzes the reversible conversion of sucrose and a nucleoside diphosphate into the corresponding nucleoside diphosphate-glucose and fructose being one of the main enzymes of carbohydrate metabolism. The objectives of this study were: to create a TILLING population in winter wheat; to identify new alleles of Ss1 gene; to compare relative expression of Ss1 in leaves and crowns of mutant versus wild type plants during cold acclimation.

Characterization of the prehaustorial resistance against leaf rust (Puccinia triticina f. sp. tritici) in Einkorn (Triticum monococcum) by massive analysis of cDNA ends (MACE)
Albrecht Serfling1,2, Sven Templer1,3, Dragan Perovic1, Frank Ordon1

Triticum monococcum, a valuable source for horizontal resistance against P. triticina was analyzed microscopically and by transcriptional profiling. MACE showed the increased expression of chitinases, kinases, peroxidases and pathogenesis related genes in the first 8 hai. The high number of differentially expressd tags and the knowledge about SNPs facilitates in silico mapping and the development of polymorphic markers which may accelerate the transfer of this prehaustorial resistance

Genetic progress in the Romanian triticale breeding program
Ittu Gheorghe*, Saulescu Nicolae, Ittu Mariana, Mustatea Pompiliu and Marinciu Cristina

Since 1984 yield raised up to 43 kg / ha¹ and year¹ or 0.74 % /year¹ this progress being achieved mainly by improving fertility of spikes, plumpness of kernel, the test weight and introduction of short straw RhtB1b (Rht1) and Ddw1 (Hl) genes. In order to improve the yield stability, under predictions of global climatic changes, improvement of genetic diversity to powdery mildew, leaf and yellow rusts, virus and spike diseases and also for pre-harvest sprouting are still demanded.

Genotyping-by-Sequencing of a set of diverse spring barley (Hordeum vulgare) accessions
Tina Lüders (1), Jens Keilwagen (2), Neele Wendler (3), Axel Himmelbach (3), Rajiv Sharma (3), Benjamin Kilian (3,4), Nils Stein (3), Frank Ordon (1)

The poster presents a Genotyping-by-Sequencing (GBS) approach to saturate a set of diverse spring barley accessions with a high density of SNP markers.

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Showing Results 31 - 40 of 261
Scientific News
Gene Therapy Provides Safe, Long-Term Relief for Patients with Severe Hemophilia B
Gene therapy pioneered by St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, University College London and the Royal Free Hospital provides men with hemophilia B reliable relief from the bleeding disorder.
Two Studies Identify A Detectable, Pre-Cancerous State In The Blood
Findings pave way for new lines of cancer research focused on detection and prevention.
A Link between DNA Transcription and Disease-Causing Expansions Which Lead to Hereditary Disorders
A Tufts University study explores the relationship between transcription and the expansions of DNA repeats.
New Study Reveals Why Some People May be Immune to HIV-1
Natural genetic variation in a protective antiviral enzyme holds promise for new therapies.
Amazing Feet Of Science: Researchers Sequence The Centipede Genome
What it lacks in genes, it certainly makes up for in legs: the genome of the humble centipede has been found to have around 15,000 genes – around 7,000 fewer than a human.
New Device Could Make Large Biological Circuits Practical
Innovation from MIT could allow many biological components to be connected to produce predictable effects.
How A Mutant Gene Can Cause Deafness
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered how one gene is essential to hearing, uncovering a cause of deafness and suggesting new avenues for therapies.
Precisely Off The Mark
Possible cause discovered for failure of targeted liver cancer therapies.
Schizophrenia May be Triggered by Excess Protein
Neuroscientist Bonnie Firestein says too much causes abnormalities in brain development.
Brain-dwelling Worm in UK Man's Head Sequenced
Tapeworm removed from UK resident's brain reveals genetic secrets of an elusive Far East parasite.
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