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Mutation Induction in Sucrose Synthase 1 to Study Cold Acclimation in Winter Wheat
Rita Armoniene, Gintaras Brazauskas

Sucrose synthase (Ss) catalyzes the reversible conversion of sucrose and a nucleoside diphosphate into the corresponding nucleoside diphosphate-glucose and fructose being one of the main enzymes of carbohydrate metabolism. The objectives of this study were: to create a TILLING population in winter wheat; to identify new alleles of Ss1 gene; to compare relative expression of Ss1 in leaves and crowns of mutant versus wild type plants during cold acclimation.

Characterization of the prehaustorial resistance against leaf rust (Puccinia triticina f. sp. tritici) in Einkorn (Triticum monococcum) by massive analysis of cDNA ends (MACE)
Albrecht Serfling1,2, Sven Templer1,3, Dragan Perovic1, Frank Ordon1

Triticum monococcum, a valuable source for horizontal resistance against P. triticina was analyzed microscopically and by transcriptional profiling. MACE showed the increased expression of chitinases, kinases, peroxidases and pathogenesis related genes in the first 8 hai. The high number of differentially expressd tags and the knowledge about SNPs facilitates in silico mapping and the development of polymorphic markers which may accelerate the transfer of this prehaustorial resistance

Genetic progress in the Romanian triticale breeding program
Ittu Gheorghe*, Saulescu Nicolae, Ittu Mariana, Mustatea Pompiliu and Marinciu Cristina

Since 1984 yield raised up to 43 kg / ha¹ and year¹ or 0.74 % /year¹ this progress being achieved mainly by improving fertility of spikes, plumpness of kernel, the test weight and introduction of short straw RhtB1b (Rht1) and Ddw1 (Hl) genes. In order to improve the yield stability, under predictions of global climatic changes, improvement of genetic diversity to powdery mildew, leaf and yellow rusts, virus and spike diseases and also for pre-harvest sprouting are still demanded.

Genotyping-by-Sequencing of a set of diverse spring barley (Hordeum vulgare) accessions
Tina Lüders (1), Jens Keilwagen (2), Neele Wendler (3), Axel Himmelbach (3), Rajiv Sharma (3), Benjamin Kilian (3,4), Nils Stein (3), Frank Ordon (1)

The poster presents a Genotyping-by-Sequencing (GBS) approach to saturate a set of diverse spring barley accessions with a high density of SNP markers.

Genotyping-by-Sequencing of a set of diverse spring barley (Hordeum vulgare) accessions
Tina Lüders (1), Jens Keilwagen (2), Neele Wendler (3), Axel Himmelbach (3), Rajiv Sharma (3), Benjamin Kilian (3,4), Nils Stein (3), Frank Ordon (1)

The poster presents a Genotyping-by-Sequencing (GBS) approach to saturate a set of diverse spring barley accessions with a high density of SNP markers.

A non-destructive method to assess changes in the biomass of small-grain cereals under field conditions
D. Villegas1, J. Lozano2 and C. Royo1

The poster describes a non-destructive method to assess biomass based on remote sensing techniques. This method is suitable for field phenotyping and it is useful to assess biomass evolution as well as to estimate radiation use efficiency.

Genetic integrity of rice seeds during ageing and gene bank storage by SSR analysis
I. O. Daniel, K. A. Adeboye, O. W. Adabale, E. S. Aladele and A. Boerner

Rice seeds loose germination capacity with ageing. Loses in genetic integrity was found to occur during artificial ageing at a time when percentage germination declined to 54%.

Characterization of nitrogen use efficiency in a winter wheat collection
István Monostori, Tamás Árendás, Fruzsina Szira, Gábor Galiba, Borbála Hoffmann, Attila Vágújfalvi

The first-year dataset of the three year experiment has been analysed. To find out, which genotype is recommended for intensive and which one is for extensive cultivation, the performances of the varieties were characterized under low and also under favourable nitrogen supply. The varieties were also ranked based on the increased level of their performance due to the nitrogen supply. Correlations between the measured phenotypic data and the NUE parameters were also calculated.

Population structure and location of genes for resistance to Mycosphaerella graminicola: Recent advances in Argentina
María Rosa Simón1, Cristina A. Cordo2, Nadia S. Castillo3, Elena Khlestkina 4, Paul C. Struik5 and Andreas Börner6

A review about the status of the knowledge on septoria leaf blotch with emphasis in investigations carried out in Argentina is presented

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Genome Study Predicts DNA of the Whole of Iceland
Large genome databases are starting to reveal critical health information-even about people who have not contributed their DNA.
MDC Researchers Greatly Increase Precision of New Genome Editing Tool
“One of the hottest topics in science and an innovative field”.
The Switch That Might Tame The Most Aggressive Of Breast Cancers
Garvan researchers have found that so-called ‘triple-negative breast cancers’ are two distinct diseases that likely originate from different cell types. They have also found a gene that drives the aggressive disease, and hope to find a way to ‘switch it off’.
Gene Editing Technique Mastered In Mosquito That Transmits Deadly Diseases
Technique will help researchers learn more about the role of genes that are involved in mosquito propagation.
Genetic Mutation Helps Explain Why, In Rare Cases, Flu Can Kill
Study shows that immune response to flu can be affected by a rare genetic mutation.
Honey Bees Use Multiple Genetic Pathways To Fight Infections
The findings may help scientists develop honey bee treatments that are tailored to specific types of infections.
New Autism-Causing Genetic Variant Identified
Novel approach expected to be useful for other diseases too.
Blood Test Could Help Bowel Cancer Patients Avoid Drug Side-Effects
Manchester researchers have provided early evidence to suggest that a blood test could be used to identify bowel cancer patients that may benefit from more intensive chemotherapy.
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