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Genes That Protect African Children From Developing Malaria Identified
Variations in DNA at a specific location on the genome that protect African children from developing severe malaria, in some cases nearly halving a child’s chance of developing the life-threatening disease, have been identified in the largest genetic association study of malaria to date.
Researchers Disguise Drugs As Platelets to Target Cancer
Researchers have for the first time developed a technique that coats anticancer drugs in membranes made from a patient’s own platelets.
Dormant Viral Genes May Awaken to Cause ALS
NIH human and mouse study may open an unexplored path for finding treatments.
Scientists Create World’s Largest Catalog of Human Genomic Variation
An international team of scientists from the 1000 Genomes Project Consortium has created the world’s largest catalog of genomic differences among humans, providing researchers with powerful clues to help them establish why some people are susceptible to various diseases.
Five Genetic Regions Implicated In Cystic Fibrosis Severity
An international consortium of researchers conducted the largest-ever CF genome-wide analysis to find new therapeutic targets.
Greater Understanding Of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
A new genetic study of over 200,000 women reveals the underlying mechanisms of polycystic ovary syndrome, as well as potential interventions.
New Autism Genes Are Revealed in Largest-Ever Study
Work draws more detailed picture of genetic risk, sheds light on sex differences in diagnosis.
A Fundamental Protection Mechanism Against Formalin In Mammals is Revealed
Formaldehyde, or formalin, is well known to all of us as a common chemical used in many industrial processes and also as a preservative, remarkably we also produce formaldehyde in our bodies.
A New Single-Molecule Tool to Observe Enzymes at Work
A team of scientists at the University of Washington and the biotechnology company Illumina have created an innovative tool to directly detect the delicate, single-molecule interactions between DNA and enzymatic proteins.
Genetic Adaptations to Diet and Climate
Researchers found genetic variations in the Inuit of Greenland that reflect adaptations to their specific diet and climate.
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Sequence-Specific DNA Assay
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Molecular Devices

Measurement of specific DNA sequences can be achieved using the Threshold® System. Biotinylated and fluoresceinated oligonucleotide probes specific to the target sequence to be measured are used with the Immuno Ligand Assay (ILA) kit components. The probes are chosen so that they both anneal to the same strand of the target, adjacent to each other. DNA samples to be measured are digested with an appropriate restriction enzyme to liberate the target sequence on a small DNA fragment. The digested DNA is denatured in the presence of an excess of the biotinylated and fluoresceinated probes. The probes and denatured target are allowed to anneal, generating probe-target hybrids. These probe-target hybrids are captured on the biotinylated Threshold sticks using the ILA capture reagent (streptavidin) which binds to the biotinylated probe. The captured probe-target hybrids are then detected and quantitated using the ILA enzyme reagent (antifluorescein- urease conjugate) which binds to the fluoresceinated probe. This application note is intended as a guide and does not represent a validation of this assay, nor necessarily the optimal performance parameters for all probe and target DNA combinations.

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