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Wednesday, September 17, 2014
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Point-of-care testing for prostate cancer diagnosis
Y. Uludag; I.E. Tothill

This presentation describes the potential of using a new fully automated QCM biosensor and a commercial SPR biosensor for the detection of PSA, a biomarker for prostate cancer. Initially a new buffer was formulated to eliminate 98% of the non-specific human serum protein binding to the sensors. Obtained results indicate that both instruments can be used for the fast and easy detection of PSA (0.29-150 ng/ml) in serum.

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T cell response to cholera infection
Weil AA, Arifuzzaman M, Bhuiyan TR, Harris JB, Kendall EA, Hossain A, LaRocque RC, Harris AM, Tarique AA, Chowdhury F, Khan AI, Banerjee KK, Ryan ET, Qadri F, Calderwood SB

Natural Vibrio cholerae infection generates a robust B-cell response that wanes for T-cell independent antigens, suggesting that B-cell responses may be mediated in a T-cell dependent manner. Patients with cholera develop a memory-effector T-cell response to cholera antigens, and B-cell activation occurs after T-cell population expansion, suggesting that T-cells may play an important role in the development and maintenance of memory B-cell responses to T-cell dependent antigens.

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Resorufin - a lead for a new protein kinase CK2 inhibitor
Iben Skjøth Sandholt1, Birgitte Brinkmann Olsen1, Barbara Guerra1, Olaf-Georg Issinger1, Brigitte Boldyreff2

Screening of a natural compound library led to the identification of resorufin, as a highly selective and potent inhibitor for protein kinase CK2. Out of 52 kinases tested only CK2 was inhibited. The IC50 values determined for the CK2 holoenzymes were 1.5 µM and for the free catalytic subunits ca. 4 µM. In different cancer cell lines treatment with resorufin led to cell death and endogenous CK2 was inhibited.

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Knowledge of personal energy requirements in college students
Aurora Buffington, MS, RD, Richard Tandy, PhD, and Laura Kruskall, PhD, RD, CSSD, FACSM

This study explored whether university students were able to estimate their energy requirements within a range of calories equal to predicted Estimated Energy Requirements (EER) two standard deviations. Students significantly underestimated their EER by 700 calories (p<.001). Fewer males than expected were able to estimate energy requirements as compared to females, 41.3% vs. 20.6%, ?2 (1) = 7.236, p=.007.

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A Novel Multiplexed Digital Gene Expression Technology
Gary K. Geiss1,#, Roger Bumgarner2, Brian Birditt1, Timothy Dahl1, Naeem Dowidar1, Dwayne L. Dunaway1, H. Perry Fell1, Sean Ferree1, Renee D. George1, Tammy Grogan1, Jeffrey J. James1, Malini Maysuria1, Jeffrey D. Mitton1, Paola Oliveri4, Jennifer L. Osborn3, Tao Peng2, Amber L. Ratcliffe1, Philippa J. Webster1, Eric H. Davidson4, and Leroy Hood5

We describe a novel platform, the nCounter Analysis System, for sensitive, highly multiplexed, digital gene expression analysis based on NanoString’s novel molecular barcoding technology. Detection of individual mRNA molecules using an assigned sequence of six different fluorescent spots per probe are detected, and then the number of times that code sequence appears in a sample are counted.

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SESTAMIBI SCAN FOR HYPERPARATHYROIDISM, AN ASSESSMENT OF PERFORMANCE
Jubbin Jacob1, Mathew George1, Nihal Thomas1, Regi Oomen2, Nylla Shantly2, Arvindan Nair3 and M.S. Sheshadri1

To calculate the sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value of 99 Tc Sestambi scan in the localization of parathyroid disease and to calculate the cost benefit of routine pre-operative scan.

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A PALPABLE NODULE IS THE ONLY SIGNIFICANT PREOPERATIVE CLUE IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF PARATHYROID CARCINOMA IN INDIA - A CASE SERIES
Senthil Vasan*, Jubbin J Jacob*, C K Ben Selvan$, Deepak T Abraham$, M J Paul$

Parathyroid tumours account for a very small percentage of all head and neck neoplasms. The clinical presentation of benign primary hyperparathyroidism differs from that seen in Western series. We attempt to review the presentation and outcomes of patients treated for malignant primary hyperparathyroidism from our centre and highlight the clinical clues to a early pre-operative diagnosis.

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No Impact of Dietary Iodine Restriction in Short Term Development of Hypothyroidism Following Fixed Dose Radioactive Iodine Therapy for Graves Disease
Jubbin J Jacob*, Charles Stephen§, Nihal Thomas*, Regi Oommen¶ and M.S.Seshadri*

To study the outcomes at 6 months after fixed dose 131I therapy for Graves’ disease (GD) with an iodine restricted diet.

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SESTAMIBI SCAN FOR HYPERPARATHYROIDISM, AN ASSESSMENT OF PERFORMANCE
Jubbin Jacob1, Mathew George1, Nihal Thomas1, Regi Oomen2, Nylla Shantly2, Arvindan Nair3 and M.S. Sheshadri1

To calculate the sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value of 99 Tc Sestambi scan in the localization of parathyroid disease and to calculate the cost benefit of routine pre-operative scan.

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Showing Results 61 - 70 of 133
Scientific News
Genetic Testing for Prostate Cancer
Genetic testing can identify men at six-fold increased risk of prostate cancer.
Zebrafish Genes Linked To Human Respiratory Diseases
Genes have been discovered which may be synonymous with the genes for developing hair-like structures in the human airway.
Ancient Vertebrate Uses Familiar Tools
Sea lamprey studies show remarkably conserved gene expression patterns in jawless versus jawed vertebrates.
Study Aims to Develop Breath Test for COPD
A new clinical iniative, lead by NYU Langone Medical Center, aims to determine a breath test’s effectiveness to identify volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in human breath that are biomarkers of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Clinical Utility of Myriad myPath(TM) Melanoma Test Demonstrated
Test reduced indeterminate cases by 76 percent and changed treatment in 35 percent of cases.
In Directing Stem Cells, Context Matters
The surface cells are grown on has a profound effect on differentiation.
New Gene Mutations for Wilms Tumor
UT Southwestern researchers identified the mutated genes by sequencing the DNA of 44 tumors.
‘Switching off’ Autoimmune Diseases
Scientists have made an important breakthrough in the fight against debilitating autoimmune diseases by revealing how to stop cells attacking healthy body tissue.
Repressing the Repressors May Drive Tissue-Specific Cancers
Stowers scientists establish Drosophila and mammalian models to study mutations found in pediatric brain tumors.
Scientists Looking Across Human, Fly and Worm Genomes Find Shared Biology
Studies reveal powerful commonalities in biological activity and regulation among species.
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