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SESTAMIBI SCAN FOR HYPERPARATHYROIDISM, AN ASSESSMENT OF PERFORMANCE
Jubbin Jacob1, Mathew George1, Nihal Thomas1, Regi Oomen2, Nylla Shantly2, Arvindan Nair3 and M.S. Sheshadri1

To calculate the sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value of 99 Tc Sestambi scan in the localization of parathyroid disease and to calculate the cost benefit of routine pre-operative scan.

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Modulation of sporadic colorectal cancer risk by polymorphisms and haplotypes of mismatch repair genes
Tulupova E., Kumar R.*, Slyskova J., Pardini B., Polakova V., Naccarati A., Vodickova L., Novotny J.**, Hemminki K.*, Vodicka P.

A role of mismatch repair (MMR) in modulating colorectal cancer (CRC) was assessed by genotyping single nucleotide polymorphisms in five MMR genes in hospital-based case- control study. The TAG haplotype in hMSH6 (-556G>T-Ex1-145G>-IVS4-101G>C) decreased a risk of CRC and the GGG haplotype increased a risk of rectal cancer. Although no significant association was found for individual MMR polymorphisms, the hMSH6 haplotypes may modulate the risk of CRC in this population.

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Targeting Inflammatory Cytokines Using Adenoviruses: gene delivery of biological therapies in ovarian cancer
Michael A. Salako, Hagen Kulbe, Iain A. McNeish, Frances R. Balkwill

Constitutive TNF-alpha expression is characteristic of the malignant ovarian surface epithelium. Adenoviral mutants hold great promise as gene therapy vectors but their efficacy is hindered by an inflammatory cascade orchestrated by TNF-alpha. We found that delivering TNF-alpha shRNA to ovarian cancer cells using oncolytic adenoviruses could reduce the inflammatory cascade generated by adenoviruses and also had direct anti-tumour activity on the cancer cells.

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INSULINOMAS – EXPERIENCE FROM AN INSTITUTION IN SOUTH INDIA
Thomas V Paul*, Ben Selvan**, Jubbin Jacob*, Aravindan Nair** Esther Evelyn J*, Nihal Thomas*,Simon Rajaratnam*, Senthil Vasan K*, M.S.Seshadri*

Background: Insulinoma is a disorder affecting one in 100,000 of the general population. The clinical profile of insulinomas among Indian patients has not been characterized. Aim of the study: To study the clinical characteristics, biochemical and radiological parameters and treatment aspects of adult patients with insulinomas. Methodology: A retrospective analysis of 18 patients with insulinoma who were treated from 1992 to 2004

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INSULINOMAS – EXPERIENCE FROM AN INSTITUTION IN SOUTH INDIA
Thomas V Paul*, Ben Selvan**, Jubbin Jacob*, Aravindan Nair** Esther Evelyn J*, Nihal Thomas*,Simon Rajaratnam*, Senthil Vasan K*, M.S.Seshadri*

Background: Insulinoma is a disorder affecting one in 100,000 of the general population. The clinical profile of insulinomas among Indian patients has not been characterized. Aim of the study: To study the clinical characteristics, biochemical and radiological parameters and treatment aspects of adult patients with insulinomas. Methodology: A retrospective analysis of 18 patients with insulinoma who were treated from 1992 to 2004

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INSULINOMAS – EXPERIENCE FROM AN INSTITUTION IN SOUTH INDIA
Thomas V Paul, Ben Selvan, Jubbin Jacob, Aravindan Nair, Esther Evelyn J, Nihal Thomas, Simon Rajaratnam, Senthil Vasan K, M.S.Seshadri

Background: Insulinoma is a disorder affecting one in 100,000 of the general population. The clinical profile of insulinomas among Indian patients has not been characterized. Aim of the study: To study the clinical characteristics, biochemical and radiological parameters and treatment aspects of adult patients with insulinomas. Methodology: A retrospective analysis of 18 patients with insulinoma who were treated from 1992 to 2004

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Bayesian Parameter Estimation for Systems Biological Models of Dynamic Cellular Networks
Jarad Niemi, Lingchong You and Mike West

Dynamic cellular networks determine production of proteins in the cells in our body. The Rb-E2F network is a key example: it controls cell cycle, proliferation and degradation - a key network in almost all cancers. We develop statistical models of such single-cell processes - fine-time scale dynamic network models. Model estimation requires informative priors and custom Metropolis proposals.

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Hyperbaric Bioreactors use with Yarrowia Lipolytica Cultures: Cellular Adaptation to Hyperbaric Conditions
Marlene Lopes, Nelma Gomes, Manuel Mota, Isabel Belo

In this work, a pressurized bioreactor was used for Y. lipolytica batch cultivation under increased air pressure from 1 bar to 6 bar. Cell growth was strongly enhanced by the pressure rise. The increase of oxygen availability caused the induction of the antioxidant enzyme SOD. The pre-growth of Y. lipolytica under increased pressure conditions did not affect the lipase production ability of the cells.

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Treatment of Highland Frogs from the Two Legged Stage with Homeopathically Prepared Thyroxin (10-11 – 10-21)
Gerhard Lingg1, P. Christian Endler1,*, Michael Frass1, and Harald Lothaller2

For the experiment presented here, we used the same setup as for the initial multilaboratory study[1,2,3,4], but a special preparation process of the homeopathic drug involving dilution steps of 1: 50,000 and leading to thyroxin 10–11 – 10–21 was used.

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Showing Results 71 - 80 of 134
Scientific News
Blood Test To Diagnose Depression
Test identifies nine blood markers tied to depression; predicts who will benefit from therapy.
Genetic Testing for Prostate Cancer
Genetic testing can identify men at six-fold increased risk of prostate cancer.
Zebrafish Genes Linked To Human Respiratory Diseases
Genes have been discovered which may be synonymous with the genes for developing hair-like structures in the human airway.
Ancient Vertebrate Uses Familiar Tools
Sea lamprey studies show remarkably conserved gene expression patterns in jawless versus jawed vertebrates.
Study Aims to Develop Breath Test for COPD
A new clinical iniative, lead by NYU Langone Medical Center, aims to determine a breath test’s effectiveness to identify volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in human breath that are biomarkers of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Clinical Utility of Myriad myPath(TM) Melanoma Test Demonstrated
Test reduced indeterminate cases by 76 percent and changed treatment in 35 percent of cases.
In Directing Stem Cells, Context Matters
The surface cells are grown on has a profound effect on differentiation.
New Gene Mutations for Wilms Tumor
UT Southwestern researchers identified the mutated genes by sequencing the DNA of 44 tumors.
‘Switching off’ Autoimmune Diseases
Scientists have made an important breakthrough in the fight against debilitating autoimmune diseases by revealing how to stop cells attacking healthy body tissue.
Repressing the Repressors May Drive Tissue-Specific Cancers
Stowers scientists establish Drosophila and mammalian models to study mutations found in pediatric brain tumors.
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