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Development and Application of Quantitative Immunoassays for Major Milk Allergens Bos d 5 (β-lactoglobulin) and Bos d 11 (β-casein)
1Ross A. R. Yarham, 1Anna Kuklinska-Pijanka MSc, 1David Gillick, 1Elizabeth Young, 2Karine Adel Patient PhD, 2Hervé Bernard PhD, 1Martin D. Chapman PhD, 1James P. Hindley PhD

In this study, we sought to develop accurate, sensitive and reliable assays that would enable quantification of multiple milk allergens.

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Touching BACE. How Inhibiting β-Amyloid Production by Steric Hindrance with a Novel Immunotherapy Improves Memory in PDAPP Mice
Charles Evans1, 2, Rhian Thomas1, Emma Kidd1, Mark Good2

The work presented in this poster aims to assess whether intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of 2B3 alleviated age dependent memory deficits in PDAPP mice and to determine whether 2B3 altered APP metabolism and NMDA receptor phosphorylation ex vivo.

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Quantitative Cell-Based Bioassays for Individual and Combination Immune Checkpoint Immunotherapy Targets
Zhi-jie Jey Cheng, Jamison Grailer, Pete Stecha, Jun Wang, Jim Hartnett, Frank Fan, and Mei Cong

Immune checkpoint receptors are promising new immunotherapy
targets for the treatment of a variety of diseases including cancer and
autoimmune-mediated disorders. We developed a suite of cell-based
bioluminescent reporter bioassays for individual and combination
immune checkpoint immunotherapy targets including: PD-1 (PD-L1 or PD-L2), CTLA-4, LAG-3, TIGIT, PD-1+TIGIT, GITR, 4-1BB, CD40, and OX40.

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Mobility of Aeroallergens in Home: Effect of Location of Air Sampling and Implication for Evaluation of Patient Exposure
Julian Gordon1, Paul Detjen, Andrea Wachter & Prasanthi Gandhi1

The Inspirotec sampler permitted the easy testing of multiple locations within a household. Air sampling simultaneously at 12 locations by other technologies would have been technically challenging. These were run by an untrained operator.

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A Simple Plate Based Assay Using pH Sensor Dye to Screen for Internalizing Antibody
Nidhi Nath, Becky Godat, Cesear Corona, Chad Zimprich, Mark McDougall, Poncho Meisenheimer, Marjeta Urh

Receptor mediated internalization is a key mechanism of action (MOA) for antibody drug conjugates (ADCs). However, current methods of studying antibody internalization have several limitations including: 1) A multistep process not suitable for screening; 2) Low signal-to-background ratios; 3) Not suitable for kinetic measurements. We have developed a method that mitigates problems associated with traditional internalization assays.

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Better Cell-Based Assays for Anti-CTLA-4, Anti-PD-1/PD-L1, and Bispecific Immunotherapy Drug Studies
Richard Somberg, Mei Cong, Pete Stecha, Natasha Karassina, Jim Hartnett, Zhi-Jie Jey Cheng, and Frank Fan

Here we report the development of a panel of robust reporter assays to measure the potencies for biologics in immunotherapy. These assays reflect mode of action and can serve as valuable tools in immunotherapy drug development and discovery.

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Development of a Robust Reporter-based T cell Activation Assay for Therapeutic Biologics in Immunotherapy
Zhi-jie Jey Cheng, Pete Stecha, Jim Hartnett, Frank Fan, and Mei Cong

Jurkat T-cells stably expressing luciferase reporter driven by IL2 promoter or NFAT-RE, are used as effector cells. Tumor cell lines endogenously expressing cancer antigen are used as antigen presenting cells (APC). By co-cultivating the two cell lines in the presence of CD3 bispecific antibody, TCR/CD3 is activated in Jurkat effector cells. Luciferase activity is up regulated through IL-2 promoter or NFAT-RE activation.

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Reporter Bioassays to Assess Therapeutic Antibodies for Immunotherapy Programs
Mei Cong, Zhi-Jie Jey Cheng, Pete Stecha, Jun Wang, Jamison Grailer, Natasha Karassina, Jim Hartnett, and Frank Fan

Immunotherapy, also called biologic therapy or biotherapy, stimulates certain parts of the immune system to fight diseases such as cancer. Important drug targets in immunotherapy include: Co-inhibitory receptors, such as PD-1/PD-L1, CTLA-4, LAG3, Tim3; and co-stimulatory receptors, such as GITR, CD40, OX40, 4-1BB.
Current approaches to assaying these targets are cumbersome and variable. Here we offer an improved in vitro bioassay approach.

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Modelling CLL cell and T-cell Migration in a Dynamic Circulating Model of CLL
Elisabeth Walsbyl, Paul Brennan', Guy Pratte, Andrea Buggins3, Tanja N Hartmann'', Chris Fegan1 and Chris Pepper'

We have recently developed a novel circulating model of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) that mimics the transient interactions that take place between circulating lymphocytes and vascular endothelium. Here we show that both normal and malignant lymphocytes actively underwent transendothelial migration.

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Quantification of Natural Killer Cell-Mediated Cytotixicity using Celigo Imaging Cytometry
Leo L. Chan, Srinivas S. Somanchi, Kelsey Rosbach, Dean A. Lee

Time-course tracking of % lysis eliminates multiple controls & the effect of non-uniform cell seeding in the final cytotoxicity calculation. The # of cells used is less than the cells needed for Release assays & Flow Cytometry. Flow cytometry & Release assays require a seeding density of 100K target cells increasing the number of effector cells to the millions. The visual observation of ADCC or CDC on the images can be convincing to conclude the functionality of antibodies or complements.

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Scientific News
Point of Care Diagnostics - A Cautious Revolution
Advances in molecular biology, coupled with the miniaturization and improved sensitivity of assays and devices in general, have enabled a new wave of point-of-care (POC) or “bedside” diagnostics.
Rare Immunodeficiency Yields Unexpected Insights
Scientists uncover previously unknown gene mutation revealing the role of a key molecule involved in immune cell development.
Using CRISPR to Accelerate Search for HIV Cure
Gene-editing platform makes it easier to create HIV-resistant immune cells.
Sustained SIV Remission Achieved in Monkeys
Experimental treatment boosts monkey immune system to force SIV into sustained remission.
Skin patch to treat peanut allergy shows benefit in children
NIH-funded study suggests patch is safe, convenient mode of treatment.
Fighting Cancer with Immune Response
New treatment elicits two-pronged immune response that destroys tumors in mice.
Smartphone Laboratory Detects Cancer
Researchers develop low-cost, portable laboratory on a smartphonecapable of analysing multiple samples simultaneously.
Preventing "Friendly Fire" in the Pancreas
Researchers inhibit process that leads to the body attacking its own insulin-producing cells.
Overlooked Molecules Could Revolutionise our Understanding of the Immune System
Researchers have discovered that around one third of all the epitopes displayed for scanning by the immune system are a type known as ‘spliced’ epitopes.
NIH Study Determines Key Differences between Allergic and Non-Allergic Dust Mite Proteins
Researchers at NIH have uncovered factors that lead to the development of dust mite allergy and assist in the design of better allergy therapies.
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