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Wednesday, September 17, 2014
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THE OSTEOPROTECTIVE ACTION OF 6-OXA-8a-ANALOGUES OF STEROID ESTROGENS
A.G. Shavva, V.N. Belov, A.Yu. Solovyev, S.N. Morozkina

We synthesized fourteen 6-oxa-8a-estrogens analogues and investigated osteoprotective and uterotropic actions. We demonstrated correlation: every modification in structure of 6-oxa-8-analogues leading to strong (>30%) reduction of uterotropic action induces slump of osteoprotective activity. This allows to make conclusion: main biotarget, responsible for appearance of osteoprotective action is a-estrogen receptor. We found steroid estrogen analogues with cholesterol-lowering properties without u

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Lead Optimization Computational Protocol at PDB Scale to Rationally Optimize Attachments to a Given Kinase Inhibitor Scaffold
Moriaud F., Henry T., Adcock S.A., Vorotynsev A.M., Martin L., Doppelt O.

We’ve used MED-SuMo to query and mine the Protein’s Surface Chemical Functions surrounding fragments of PDB ligands, seeking similarities with the kinase of interest (Vegfr DFGout, pdb code 2oh4, ligand code GIG) and collecting a library of 1129 unique fragments positioned in the vegfr’s active site and annotated with the counts of contacts and h-bonds. With them we optimize a substructure of the GIG ligand to find others DFGout ligands.

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Tackling the Problem of Hit Rate Enrichment by Virtual Screening: Quality-Driven Bioactive Conformations and Pharmacophore-Biased Creative Search
Nasonov, Anatoliy F., Pletnev Igor V.

Novel ChemoSoft(TM) software tools addressing the problem of generation of bioactive conformations and virtual screening hit rate enrichment have been created.

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Caveolin-1 Expression as a Possible Biomarker in Pancreatic Cancer Diagnosis
C. Tanase, E. Raducan, L. Albulescu, E. Codorean, M.I. Nicolescu, D.I. Popescu, M.L. Cruceru and A.C. Popa

Caveolin1 (Cav-1) function either as a tumor supressor or as a promoter of metastasis. Overexpresion of cav-1 was correlated with: tumoral grading, proliferration markers (Ki67, p53), serum tumor markers (CEA, CA19.9) and angiogenic markers (VEGF, bFGF).

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Changes in the Gene Expression of mRNA Transcripts for Insulin like Growth Factor, their receptor and Facilitative Glucose Transporter in IVM Oocytes
S.C. Gupta, Neelam Gupta and Alok Pandey

The cDNA libraries from single oocytes and pre-implantation buffalo embryos from 2 cell stage to blastocyst were established. Relative expression studied with RT-PCR of IGF-I showed an increase at 12h and decline at 24h of IVM oocytes. IGF-IR was expressed at cleavage stages to blastocyts. Glut-I was expressed in IVM oocytes and SCNT embryos at all stages. Gene expression of IGF-I, IGF-IR and Glut-I plays an important role in SCNT embryo production.

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Development of a Lab-on-a-Chip for the Characterization of Human Cells
Richter, L., Stepper, C., Mak, A., Brückl, H. and Ertl, P.

Cell chips are developed to continuously monitor mammalian cell population dynamics in a non-invasive manner. In the presented work we describe the design, fabrication and characterization of a lab-on-a-chip for quantitative cell analysis.

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Label-free Identification of Microorganisms using a Contact-less Dielectric Microsensor
Ertl, P., Richter, L., Reinthaler, A., Stepper, C., Mak, A., Kast, M., Heer, R. and Brückl, H.

Microfabricated biochips are developed to continuously monitor cell population dynamics in a non-invasive manner. In the presented work we describe the novel combination of contact-less dielectric microsensors and microfluidics to promote biofilm formation for quantitative cell analysis.

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Pharmacophore Mapping of Flavone Derivatives for Aromatase Inhibiton
Shuchi Nagar, Md Ataul Islam, Arup Mukherjee and Achintya Saha

The study explores the structural requirements of flavones for inhibition of aromatase activity. The QSAR analysis generates the model that shows the importance of flavone ring and with molecular lipophilicity. Presence of additional aromatic ring and m-hydroxy substitution on that ring increases inhibitory activity. Space modeling study further adjudged the presence of hydrogen bond acceptor, hydrophobic and aromatic ring and critical distance among features for the inhibitory activity.

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Real-Time Multiplex Rt-PCR on Circulating Tumor Cells
Anieta M. Sieuwerts, Stefan Sleijfer, Jaco Kraan, Joan Bolt-de Vries, Jan-Willem Gratama, John WM Martens and John A. Foekens

Using the CTC kit (CellSearch™), cells that attached to anti-EpCAM Moab were immunomagnetically separated and used for analysis of a selected pilot set of 32 genes by real time RT-PCR. This study shows the feasibility of multiple gene expression analysis on RNA isolated from only one tumor cell. Most importantly, expression analysis of several tumor-specific genes in blood samples containing only 2 tumor cells is already possible.

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Showing Results 51 - 59 of 59
Scientific News
Key Mechanism in Energy and Information Storage
Observing how hydrogen is absorbed into individual palladium nanocubes, Stanford materials scientists have detailed a key step in storing energy and information in nanomaterials.
Computer Model Reveals Cancer's Energy Source
Findings focused on the energy-making process in cancer cells known as the Warburg Effect.
Ultra-enriched Silicon Paves the Road to Quantum Computing
Using a relatively straightforward technique, a team of NIST researchers has created what may be the most highly enriched silicon currently being produced.
Identification of Psoriatic Arthritis Mediators in Synovial Fluid
This study represents the most comprehensive proteomic analysis of psoriatic arthritis synovial fluid, to date.
Researchers Use ‘Big Data’ Approach to Map the Relationships Between Human and Animal Diseases
EID2 database used to prevent and tackle disease outbreaks around the globe.
Genetic Pathway for Chronic Kidney Disease Revealed
Findings from the study open the door to early treatment for millions at risk for CKD.
Finding Could Revolutionize Drug Discovery
A study by researchers at IRB Barcelona reveals the existence of information highways that connect and correlate distant sites within a single protein.
Human Proteome Project Uncovers 193 Proteins Not Known to Exist
The team of international researchers reports the identification of 193 novel proteins that came from regions of the genome not predicted to code for proteins.
Pocket Science: New Mobile Application Enables DNA Analysis On The Go
The application analyses ab1(1) DNA sequencing files, enabling science professionals and amateur enthusiasts to engage in scientific analysis from the convenience of their mobile phones.
Software Could Help Predict and Eliminate Allergens
It’s well known that allergies and asthma are on the rise around the globe, with food allergies in children alone rising 50% from 1997 to 2011.
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