Corporate Banner
Satellite Banner
Mass Spectrometry
Scientific Community
 
Become a Member | Sign in
Home>News>This Article
  News
Return

Lipidomic Mass Spectrometry and its Application in Neuroscience

Published: Thursday, January 09, 2014
Last Updated: Thursday, January 09, 2014
Bookmark and Share
This review presents an overview of MS techniques that enable the identification and relative quantitation of cellular lipidome with a brief discussion on their utility for neuroscience related research.

Abstract
Central and peripheral nervous systems are lipid rich tissues. Lipids, in the context of lipid-protein complexes, surround neurons and provide electrical insulation for transmission of signals allowing neurons to remain embedded within a conducting environment. Lipids play a key role in vesicle formation and fusion in synapses. They provide means of rapid signaling, cell motility and migration for astrocytes and other cell types that surround and play supporting roles neurons. Unlike many other signaling molecules, lipids are capable of multiple signaling events based on the different fragments generated from a single precursor during each event. Lipidomics, until recently suffered from two major disadvantages: (1) level of expertise required an overwhelming amount of chemical detail to correctly identify a vast number of different lipids which could be close in their chemical reactivity; and (2) high amount of purified compounds needed by analytical techniques to determine their structures. Advances in mass spectrometry have enabled overcoming these two limitations. Mass spectrometry offers a great degree of simplicity in identification and quantification of lipids directly extracted from complex biological mixtures. Mass spectrometers can be regarded to as mass analyzers. There are those that separate and analyze the product ion fragments in space (spatial) and those which separate product ions in time in the same space (temporal). Databases and standardized instrument parameters have further aided the capabilities of the spatial instruments while recent advances in bioinformatics have made the identification and quantification possible using temporal instruments.

The review is published online in World Journal of Biological Chemistry and is free to access.


Further Information

Join For Free

Access to this exclusive content is for Technology Networks Premium members only.

Join Technology Networks Premium for free access to:

  • Exclusive articles
  • Presentations from international conferences
  • Over 3,200+ scientific posters on ePosters
  • More than 4,600+ scientific videos on LabTube
  • 35 community eNewsletters


Sign In



Forgotten your details? Click Here
If you are not a member you can join here

*Please note: By logging into TechnologyNetworks.com you agree to accept the use of cookies. To find out more about the cookies we use and how to delete them, see our privacy policy.

Related Content

Plasma Biomarkers for Breast Cancer Diagnosis
Plasma lipidomics profiling identified lipid biomarkers in distinguishing early-stage breast cancer from benign lesions.
Wednesday, May 11, 2016
A Mechanistic Tool for Studying Fungal Pathogens
This study presents an overview of lipid extraction, chromatographic separation and mass spectrometry employed in qualitative and quantitative sphingolipidomics in fungi.
Wednesday, May 11, 2016
Acetaldehyde and Formaldehyde Content in Foods
Korean researchers have determined the content of the toxic and carcinogenic aldehydes, acetaldehyde and formaldehyde, in a variety of food groups.
Monday, November 09, 2015
Metabolomics Data Normalization with EigenMS
In this study, a singular value decomposition-based method, called EigenMS, for normalization of metabolomics data was tested.
Wednesday, January 07, 2015
Circadian Variation Of The Human Metabolome
Real-time breath analysis was used to study circadian metabolism.
Wednesday, January 07, 2015
Proteomics for Systems Toxicology
MS-based proteomics is maturing into a robust technology for the measurement of proteome-wide exposure effects.
Monday, November 24, 2014
Charge-Tagged Proline-Based Organocatalyst for Mechanistic Studies Using ESI-MS
In a comparative continous flow ESI-MS study, researchers use a new charged catalyst and neutral L-proline to investigate the proline-catalyzed inverse crossed aldol reaction of aldehydes with diethyl ketomalonate.
Friday, November 14, 2014
Comparison of Caffeinated and Decaffeinated Coffee - Implications for Alzheimer's Disease
Researchers from the National University of Singapore successfully demonstrated the viability of GC-TOF-MS as an analytical platform for metabolomics analysis of coffee samples.
Monday, September 08, 2014
Identification of Psoriatic Arthritis Mediators in Synovial Fluid
This study represents the most comprehensive proteomic analysis of psoriatic arthritis synovial fluid, to date.
Friday, August 08, 2014
Mass Spec-Based Metabolomics Workflows to Evaluate Plant Immunity
This article reviews metabolomics studies used to evaluate plant immunity with an emphasis on mass spectrometry in its many forms.
Friday, July 25, 2014
Evaluating Acute Hydrogen Sulfide Poisoning in Rats through Serum Metabolomics
Through the use of GC/MS-based metabolomics, researchers have evaluated the effect of acute hydrogen sulfide poisoning on the metabolic profiles of rats.
Thursday, June 12, 2014
Simultaneous Determination of Free Urinary Steroids
Researchers have described an LC–MS/MS method that accurate, precise and is in accordance with FDA guidelines.
Thursday, June 05, 2014
Comparison of Pesticide Residues in Surface and Ground Water
Measurement of pesticide residues can be used as baseline levels to monitor the future changes and to predict their future impact on the population of the area.
Thursday, May 15, 2014
Application of MALDI-TOF MS for the Identification of Food Borne Bacteria
MALDI-TOF MS is a promising platform for quick, flexible, and reliable identification of food microbial isolates.
Tuesday, April 29, 2014
Diagnosis of Bladder Cancer and Prediction of Survival by Urinary Metabolomics
Bladder cancer seems to be ideal for urinary metabolomics-based diagnosis, as urine can directly contact the cancer lesion in the bladder.
Tuesday, April 22, 2014
Scientific News
ASMS 2016: Targeting Mass Spectrometry Tools for the Masses
The expanding application range of MS in life sciences, food, energy, and health sciences research was highlighted at this year's ASMS meeting in San Antonio, Texas.
What Makes a Good Scientist?
It’s the journey, not just the destination that counts as a scientist when conducting research.
A New Tool Brings Personalized Medicine Closer
Scientists from EPFL and ETHZ have developed a powerful tool for exploring and determining the inherent biological differences between individuals, which overcomes a major hurdle for personalized medicine.
Rapid Retrieval of Live, Infectious Pathogens from Clinical Samples
An engineered pathogen-binding protein enables rapid isolation of infectious bacteria from joint fluids and accelerates their identification.
Getting a Better Look at How HIV Infects and Takes Over its Host Cells
A new approach, developed by a team of researchers led by The Rockefeller University and The Aaron Diamond AIDS Research Center (ADARC), offers an unprecedented view of how a virus infects and appropriates a host cell, step by step.
Detecting Fake Parmesan Cheeses
Scientists report on a way to catch adulteration of the regional artisanal products.
The Need for Speed
Evaluating MALDI-TOF as a high-throughput screening technology for the pharmaceutical industry.
Process Analysis in Real Time
With a real-time mass spectrometer developed by Fraunhofer researchers, it has become possible for the first time to analyze up to 30 components simultaneously from the gas phase and a liquid, including in-situ analysis.
Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Target Is Found
Researchers at UC Berkeley discover a target that drives cancer metabolism in triple-negative breast cancer.
Plasma Biomarkers for Breast Cancer Diagnosis
Plasma lipidomics profiling identified lipid biomarkers in distinguishing early-stage breast cancer from benign lesions.
Scroll Up
Scroll Down
Skyscraper Banner

SELECTBIO Market Reports
Go to LabTube
Go to eposters
 
Access to the latest scientific news
Exclusive articles
Upload and share your posters on ePosters
Latest presentations and webinars
View a library of 1,800+ scientific and medical posters
3,200+ scientific and medical posters
A library of 2,500+ scientific videos on LabTube
4,600+ scientific videos
Close
Premium CrownJOIN TECHNOLOGY NETWORKS PREMIUM FOR FREE!