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A Comparison of ITEX Dynamic Headspace–GC/MS to other Enrichment Techniques for Analysis of Flavoring Compounds
Douglas Doster1; Roger Pearson1; Sean Eppel1; Ken Rice1; Tom Flug2; Brian Peat2; Guenter Boehm2

Enrichment techniques are commonly used for the analysis of flavoring compounds in different matrices with GC/MS. Analysis of flavoring compounds is done by purge & trap, SPME or headspace, depending on requirements for sensitivity. The In-Tube Ex¬traction (ITEX) Dynamic Headspace uses a micro trap filled with an adsorbent material to efficiently extract the compounds. Here we evaluate if the ITEX can be used to effectively analyze for these compounds and reduce the analyst’s time involved.

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Automated in-gel digestion on a commercial autosampler directly coupled to nanoLC-MS/MS
Achermann François, Bolliger Reto, Buchs Natasha, Doiron Nicholas, Lagache Braga Sophie, Heller Manfred, Boehm Guenter

SDS-PAGE separates protein samples from LC-MS incompatible contaminations, and is frequently used to fractionate proteins of entire proteomes. One disadvantage is that gel lanes have to be cut into many slices, followed by in-gel digestion of proteins and extraction of peptides. The number of these gel slices goes into the hundreds, rendering this process very repetitive and prone to mistakes and errors during sample handling. Automation reduces such risks and improves reproducibility.

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Automated sample preparation workflows for quantitative proteomics applications
Oliver Popp1, Lucas Luethy2, Tamara Kanashova1, HaAn Nguyen1, Julia Kikuchi1, Guenter Boehm2, Thomas Blenkers3, Andreas Bruchmann3, Gunnar Dittmar1

Mass spectrometry based proteomics requires large scale identification of peptides, and depends upon efficient sample preparation. Recently, we presented two automated protein-digestion setups, in-solution and in-gel digestion. We extended these techniques by implementing dimethyl labelling (DML). Furthermore, we established an automated phospho-peptide (PP) enrichment procedure in a 96-well formate, generating phospho-proteomic data in very short time.

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High Performance Comprehensive Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography Coupled with a High Resolution Multi-Reflecting TOFMS for Confident Non-Target Analyte Identification
Scott J. Pugh, Viatcheslav Artaev, Mark F. Merrick, Jack Cochran

The use of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography to help increase chromatographic resolution is a major step in tackling the problem of confident peak identification in a complex sample matrix. Combining the separation power of two-dimensional gas chromatography, with resolving power greater than 25,000, and sub ppm mass accuracies of a high resolution multi-reflecting TOFMS is the ideal solution to confident compound identification within a complex sample matrix.

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Fragmentation Trees for Automated de novo Interpretation of Impure Electron Ionization Spectra from Gas Chromatographic Complex Mixture Analysis—Chemical Deconvolution
Kevin Siek, Vasily Makarov, Viatcheslav Artaev, Dmitry Mazur, Albert T. Lebedev

-Chemical deconvolution algorithms accurately reported independent
components of dead coelutions where such components belong to distinct chemical classes.
-Present algorithms fail to distinguish chemically similar analytes such as branched and linear alkanes, thus chemical deconvolution is not a
substitute for GCxGC.
-Chemical deconvolution algorithms accurately rejected more than 80% of spurious signals from manually curated spectra found to be contaminated with unrelated signa

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Effective Comparison of Yeast Extracts Using High Resolution GC and GCxGC-HRTOFMS
David E. Alonso and Joe Binkley

The Pegasus GC-HRT and GC-HRT 4D instruments are effective tools for the comprehensive analysis of yeast extracts.
• Enhanced chromatographic resolution of the HRT 4D system facilitated compound characterization by improving spectral similarity scores
• High quality data resulted in excellent spectral similarity scores when compared to large, well-established databases (NIST, Wiley)
• High resolution, accurate mass data was crucial for determination of fragment, molecular, and adduct

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Performance Characteristics of a Comprehensive Two=Dimensional Gas Chromatography-High Resolution Time-of=Flight Mass Spectrometry System (GCxGC=HRTOFMS) Utilizing Chemical Ionization
Jonelle Shiel, Mark Merrick, Scott Pugh, Matthew Soyk, and Viatcheslav Artaev

Combining comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC×GC) with a High Resolution Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer and Chemical Ionization is a powerful tool for compound identification. Performance of the LECO Pegasus GC-HRT 4D using Chemical Ionization (CI) was demonstrated using Benzophenone and Diesel. GC×GC separation results in narrow peaks, therefore, a high speed detection system is necessary.

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Non-Target Analysis of Electronic Waste Samples from China
Jonathan D. Byer, Ed Sverko, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Qian Wu, Joe Binkley

GC×GC-HRT is a powerful tool for the comprehensive analysis and
chemical characterization of analytes in complex matrices. The combination of high resolution front-end separation with high
resolution time-of-flight mass spectrometry made possible the
identification of compounds previously unknown in these samples.

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Spice Wars- Are You Battle Ready? Analysis of Synthetic Cannabinoids via Gas Chromatography—High Resolution Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry
David E. Alonso, John Rorabeck, and Joe Binkley

-EI/CI workflow facilitates confident compound identification.
-GC-HRT and HR-CI source provides high quality, accurate mass data for:
-Database searches (NIST, Wiley, etc.)
-Formula determination (fragment, molecular, and adduct ions)

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2016 has seen the release of some truly innovative products. To help you digest these developments, The Scientist have listed their top picks for the year.
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The Benefits of a Mediterranean-style Diet
A Western-style diet, with more omega-6 fatty acids than the Mediterranean, dysregulates lipid signaling in aged mice and promotes inflammation.
Peer Review is in Crisis, But Should be Fixed, Not Abolished
After the time to get the science done, peer review has become the slowest step in the process of sharing studies, and some scientists have had enough.
Rapid Identification of Illicit Designer Drugs
New technique can identify commonly used illicit compounds in as little as 15 seconds.
Enhancing On-line Biological Sample Processing
New techniques are required to meet emerging demands on biopharmaceutical analysis.
Early Warning System for Colorectal Cancer
Potential new diagnostic tool identified for the second most common cancer in the world.
Scientists Develop a Novel Method to Benchmark and Improve the Performance of Protein Measurement Techniques
A wide range of laboratories around the world are benefiting from this work, which enables researchers to analyze or compare the results of quantitative proteomics assays in a standardized way.
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