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Fully Automated LC-MS/MS-based Determination of Bosentanand its Metabolites in Dried Blood Spots using the SCAP™ DBS System
Mirko Glinski, Norbert Ganz, Jasper Dingemanse, Laurent Nicolas and Werner Döbelin

Dried Blood Spot (DBS) analysis is a very promising alternative to conventional whole blood and plasma analysis used in drug discovery and development or later in therapeutic drug monitoring with well documented advantages.

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Hyphenated Techniques as Modern Detection Systems in Ion Chromatography
K.M. Ruth, A. Wille, S. Czyborra and J. Kleimann

Historically ion chromatography (IC) using conductivity detection has been successfully used for the analysis of ionic (e.g., anions and cations) and polar substances (e.g., organic acids or sugars). However, due to current toxicity concerns, analyses in complex matrices require improved sensitivities and selectivities.

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Sequence-Specific Ni(II)-Dependent Peptide Bond Hydrolysis for Protein Engineering. Combinatorial Library Determination of Optimal Sequences

The sequence-specific cleavage of the peptide bond is a crucial procedure in protein engineering and purification. The extreme stability of this bond, with half-life for spontaneous hydrolysis estimated as 350-600 years at neutral pH and room temperature, limits the range of appropriate cleavage reagents.

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An improved data processing pipe-line for comprehensive H-NMR and X/MS -omics data
R. J. O. Torgrip, K. M. Åberg, E. Alm

In the post acqusition analysis of comprehensive -omics data the pre-processing pipe-line is crucial to extract the maximum possible amount of information from the data. Here we show a processing pipe-line for (1D)H-NMR and (2D)X/MS data comprising; feature detection, inter-sample feature alignment and internal-standard free normalization that outperforms today’s state-of-the-art processing schemes.

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LC-MS Approaches to Profiling of Non-Radiolabelled Metabolites in Response to Recent Regulatory Changes
Richard Clayton, Caroline Anderson, Brian Morrison and Lindsay Corfield

Following publication of the FDA MIST guidelines and revision of ICH M3, there is increasing interest in obtaining metabolic profiling data at an early stage in the development of a drug. This has led to a requirement to estimate the relative abundance of metabolites in samples prior to the synthesis of the radiolabelled compound and from a wider range of studies.

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Basic amino acids profiling during hepatic tumorigenesis by hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (HILIC-MS/MS)
O. D’Apolito (1), D. Garofalo (1), D. Paris (2), D. Melck (2), R. Calemma (3), F. Izzo (3), G. Palmieri (2), A. Motta (2) and G. Corso (1)

This study is aimed to characterize basic aminoacids profiles from liver tissues of primary hepatocarcinoma (HCC) and metastases from colorectalcarcinomas (MET), and from adjacent cirrhotic related hepatitis-C-virus (CIRR) and non-cirrhotic normal liver (NT). Arginine levels in MET are significantly higher (P<0.05) compared to NT, CIRR and HCC. Although our preliminary data should be validated, profiling of basic aminoacids could allow a better classification of liver malignancies in humans.

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A method for the quantification of sterols for a rapid screening of Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome by Atmospheric Pressure Thermal Desorption Chemical Ionization -Mass Spectrometry (APTDCI -MS)
G. Paglia (1), O. D'Apolito (1), M. Gelzo (2), D. Garofalo (1), A. Dello Russo (2), and G. Corso (1,2)

An atmospheric pressure thermal desorption chemical ionization MS/MS method to quantify cholesterol and 7- and 8-dehydrocholesterols directly in dried blood/plasma spots, is reported. Cholesterol levels from dried plasma spots of 23 unaffected subjects and 9 Smith-Lemli-Opitz patients by APTDCI-MS/MS method and by enzymatic method were correlated (y=0.9166x + 0.3811; r= 0.8831) as well as dehydrocholesterol levels obtained by APTDCI-MS/MS method and by GC-FID method (y=0.8214x + 0.7388; r= 0.828

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Alteration of urinary metabolic profile in rats treated with methylmercury
Pierre Ayotte, Dinesh Kumar, Pierre-Yves Tremblay, Xiaolei Jin, Sevini Shahbaz, Rekha Mehta, Hing Man Chan, and Oliver Fiehn

A metabolomic approach was used to detect changes in urinary metabolic profile of rats treated orally with methylmercury (MeHg), a ubiquitous fish contaminant with well known neurotoxic properties. An aliquot of urine was collected on day 14, extracted and the extract successively methoxymated and trimethylsilylated prior to analysis by GC/TOF-MS. Results indicate that several metabolic pathways were altered by MeHg treatment, including urea cycle, glutathione metabolism and amino acid degradati

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Minor change in the structure major change in the mass spectrum in the example of an N-toluene-pyrrolidine derivative
József Pánczél

MS2 and further MSn spectra of SAR cannot provide sufficient information for metabolite structure elucidation because the masses of fragments in MSn correspond only to separate moieties of SAR. Nevertheless almost the exact structure of a dehydrogenated compound - has a poor MS2 spectrum - could be determined by further fragmentation in an LTQ-Orbitrap instrument and using the MSn mass spectra of an impurity of SAR.

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Showing Results 81 - 90 of 131
Scientific News
Protein The Clue To Solving A Darwinian Mystery
Scientists at the University of York provided the key to solving the evolutionary puzzle surrounding that Charles Darwin called the ‘strangest animals ever discovered’.
High-End Imaging Techniques Blended
Vanderbilt University researchers have achieved the first “image fusion” of mass spectrometry and microscopy — a technical tour de force that could, among other things, dramatically improve the diagnosis and treatment of cancer.
DNA Safeguard May Be Key In Cancer Treatment
Cornell researchers have developed a new technique to understand the actions of key proteins required for cancer cells to proliferate.
Boy or Girl? Lemur Scents Have the Answer
A new study finds that a pregnant lemur’s signature scent depends in part on whether she’s carrying a girl or a boy.
Identification of Fumonisins in Corn
In this study, fumonisin A1, A2, and a3 are identified and quantified by high-resolution liquid chromatography-orbitrap mass spectrometry.
Ground-Breaking Lung Cancer Breath Test In Clinical Trial
University of Leicester and Leicester’s Hospitals to evaluate revolutionary device which detects lung cancer in early stages.
Pittcon Announces Wide Variety of Short Courses
Courses range from beginner and intermediate to advanced levels.
Saliva Test to Diagnose Autism
A spit test may one day be able to diagnose autism according to researchers at Clarkson University and the State University of New York at Plattsburgh.
Improved Accuracy of Pesticide Detection in Food
European Reference Laboratory improves accuracy of pesticide detection in food with AB SCIEX mass spectrometry instrumentation.
A Better Understanding of Earth’s Geological Evolution
New instruments to more precisely measure a uranium element carbon dating ratio of 238U/235U.
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