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Friday, August 01, 2014
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Finally, a User-Friendly Way of Computing and Presenting Individual Group Contributions to Polyprotic Ionization of Drugs
Robert Fraczkiewicz, Marvin Waldman, Robert D. Clark

It is tempting to “assign” the macroscopic ionization constants (apparent pKa‘s obtained from titration experiments) of molecules to specific ionizable groups; however, this is strictly appropriate only in the case of monoprotic molecules.

Analyzing Molecular Polar Surface Descriptors to Predict Blood-Brain Barrier Permeation
Sergey Shityakova, Winfried Neuhausa, Thomas Dandekarc and Carola Förstera

Permeation of active drugs across the vascular brain endothelium into the central nervous system (CNS) is controlled by the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Some molecular quantities like polar surface (PS) descriptors are of key interest to medicinal chemists to predict the BBB permeation fate for different drug-like chemical compounds.

Classification of Drugs by CNS Access: An Insight from Quantitative Blood-Brain Transport Characteristics
Kiril Lanevskij, Pranas Japertas and Remigijus Didziapetris, Advanced Chemistry Development Inc.

Aim of this study was to identify relationships between quantitative blood-brain transport parameters and qualitative data indicating whether the compound penetrates into the brain efficiently enough to exhibit action in the CNS.

An In Silico Test Battery for Rapid Evaluation of Genotoxic and Carcinogenic Potential of Chemicals
Kiril Lanevskij, Liutauras Juska, Justas Dapkunas, Andrius Sazonovas, Pranas Japertas and Remigijus Didziapetris, of ACD/Labs and Vilnius University

The FDA guidance for industry states impurities under the ICH threshold may be exaluated for genotoxicity and carcinogenicity. This study uses an expert system to detect mutagens and compounds labeled as potent carcinogens by the FDA.

UPLC-MS/MS for the Screening, Confirmation and Quantification of 32 Drugs Illegally Added to Herbal/Dietary Supplements for the Enhancement of Male Sexual Performance
Salman Azimi, Nayan Mistry and Michelle Wood

This poster outlines development of a novel screening method that is suitable for both the detection of known and unknown ED drugs and analogues. Comprehensive spectral data is collected and automatically compared to a prepared library if known drugs.

A Simple, Robust Automated Multiplexed Cell-Based Assay Process for the Assessment of Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Cytotoxicity
Brad Larson, Peter Banks, Tracy Worzella, Andrew Niles and Timothy Moeller

Recent studies have shown that an increasing number of drugs no longer on the market have negative effects on mitochondrial function in key organs such as the liver and heart. Therefore it is increasingly important to monitor the effects of lead compounds on mitochondrial function in relevant cell systems. The ability to incorporate a simple, rapid, multiplexed, predictive assay can make the detection of potential toxic effects easier to perform early on in the drug discovery process.

An Automated, Cell-based Platform for the Rapid Detection of Novel Androgen Receptor Modulators
Brad Larson, Bruce Sherf (INDIGO Biosciences), and Peter Banks

The Androgen Receptor (AR) is a member of the family of nuclear receptors responsive to steroid hormones. This poster aims to devise, validate and perform a preliminary automated HTS screening campaign to identify novel modulators of AR activity.

Validation of an Automated Cell-Based Bioluminescent TNFa Blocker Bioassay
Brad Larson, Tracy Worzella, Rich Moravec, Neal Cosby, Frank Fan, Teresa Surowy and Peter Banks

TNFa blocker biopharmaceuticals represent an important and successful class of protein drugs used in the treatment of several autoimmune diseases. Bioassays are indispensible tools in biopharmaceutical drug development and commercialization that are used to quantify biological activity and stability of drugs or drug candidates. The automation of these assays can serve to create an accurate, robust process which can allow the researcher to perform other more important functions.

Automation of a Generic Fluorescence Methyltransferase Activity Assay
X. Amouretti, P. Brescia, P. Banks, G. Prescott, Meera Kumar

Epigenetic processes are attracting considerable attention in drug discovery as their fundamental roles in controlling normal cell development and contributions to disease states become more clearly defined. This work combines a fluorescence-based assay with liquid handling and dispensing instrumentation and a multi-mode reader which can be used to monitor the biological activity of the histone methyltransferase (HMT) G9a, a model system.

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Showing Results 21 - 30 of 140
Scientific News
Collaboration Leads to Possible Shortcut to New Drugs
The reaction, reported in Science, demonstrates how a carboxylic acid can be transformed into a very reactive site through use of a novel photoredox catalyst.
Catalysts That Mimic Enzymes Could Revolutionize Pharmaceutical Manufacturing
Structures made of polymer chains allow the catalysts to work in water.
Discovery of How Taxol Works Could Lead to Better Anticancer Drugs
The drug’s interference with the normal function of microtubules could help in designing better anticancer drugs.
Chemists Discover Cancer Drug Candidate Structure
Chemists at The Scripps Research Institute have determined the correct structure of a highly promising anticancer compound approved by the U.S. FDA for clinical trials in cancer patients.
Novel Drug Targets for Allergy Identified
Researchers have identified several target molecules which are suitable for the development of new allergy drugs.
Drug Does Not Improve Set of Cardiovascular Outcomes for Diastolic Heart Failure
NIH-supported study finds drug does appear to reduce hospitalizations for diastolic heart failure.
Entirely Novel Strategy to Molecular Anticancer Therapy Tricks Malignant Cells
New drug prevents tumour growth by inhibiting the nucleotide sanitizing enzyme MTH1.
New Trial of Personalized Cancer Treatment Begins in Oxford
Phase I trial in Oxford will investigate a new drug, called CXD101.
Flow Microreactor Synthesis in Organo-Fluorine Chemistry
This review focuses on successful examples on synthesis and reactions of fluorine-containing molecules by the use of flow microreactor systems.
Reviewing Colchicaceae Alkaloids - Perspectives of Evolution on Medicinal Chemistry
Researchers have shown how thinking about evolution can influence selection of plant material in drug lead discovery.
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