|Evaluation Of Single Point And IC50 Shift Assays For Measuring Time-Dependent Inhibition Of Drug Discovery Compounds|
Katie Fox, Rosey Pearson, Phillip Butler, Clive Dilworth
The aim of this study is to evaluate different assay designs, and data analysis methodology for measuring the extent of TDI for known inhibitors. We propose a reversible inhibition and TDI screening platform to cover early phase compounds, which enables accurate decisions to be made regarding development of compounds which could cause DDIs.
|Nitric Oxide Decreases the Expression and Activity of the Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzyme UbcH10|
Nick D. Tsihlis, PhD, Chris S. Oustwani, BA, Ashley K. Vavra, MD, Qun Jiang, MD and Melina R. Kibbe, MD
Nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to limit the formation of neointimal hyperplasia in animal models of arterial injury. Ubiquitination proceeds via formation of thioester bonds and NO can act to disrupt those bonds. We report that NO decreases the activity and expression of UbcH10 in vitro, and decreases the expression of UbcH10 following arterial injury in vivo. Therefore, UbcH10 may be a promising therapeutic target for inhibiting neointimal hyperplasia.
|SuperNatural: A Database of Available Natural Compounds|
Melanie Füllbeck, Mathias Dunkel and Robert Preissner
The majority of marketed drugs are natural compounds or derivatives thereof. The compounds availability is often unclear. Therefore we have compiled a database of ~50,000 natural compounds. Starting point for in silico screenings are about 2,500 well-known, classified natural compounds or imported molecules. Possible medical applications can be detected and about three million conformers computed to account for the flexibility during usage of the 3D-superposition algorithm.
|Microwave chemistry in SiC Reaction Vials|
D. Obermayer, B. Gutmann, B. Reichart, C. O. Kappe
Using novel SiC-technology to mimic conventional heated autoclave experiments.
|Enzyme kinetic measurements performed on BMG LABTECH´s FLUOstar OPTIMA|
BMG LABTECH has developed a new evaluation software feature able to calculate the Km value as well as the maximal velocity (Vmax) from an enzymatic kinetic measurement.
Enzymes differ in their affinity to specific substrates and this affinity is represented by the Michaelis-Menten constant Km. The new software feature for enzyme kinetic offers fast and easy calculation of Km and Vmax. Available plots are the common Michaelis-Menten, Lineweaver-Burk, Eadie-Hofstee, Scatchard and Hanes kinetic f
|Automated Microreactor Optimisation of the Swern-Moffatt Oxidation at Elevated Temperatures|
Pieter J. Nieuwland, Kaspar Koch, Noud van Harskamp, Ron Wehrens, Jan C.M. van Hest and Floris P.J.T. Rutjes
Optimisation of the selective Swern-Moffatt oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde by varying five experimental parameters in an automated microreactor setup.
|Organic azide synthesis in microreactors: from optimization to lab scale production|
Pieter J. Nieuwland, Bo Hanssen, Kaspar Koch, Paul Janssen, Marielle M.E. Delville, Anton Lunshof and Floris P.J.T. Rutjes
The formation of benzyl azide by diazotransfer to benzyl amine was screened and subsequently scaled up using continuous flow chemistry.
|Five noncovalent peptidic ligands show different affinity rankings in solution and gas phase|
Andrey Dyachenko , Michael Goldflam , Marta Vilaseca , Ernest Giralt
Stability of noncovalent complexes of VEGF protein with 5 peptidic ligands is studied. Experiments were conducted in solution (NMR CSP, ITC) and in gas phase (CID TOF MS). Each ligand differs from others in chirality of one amino acid. It was shown, that trend of stability of the studied noncovalent complexes is reversed in the gas phase relatively to the solution. An explanation of this behavior is presented.
|Synthesis and trafficking of the tonoplast potassium channel AtTPK1|
Marie Maitrejean (1,2), Michael Wudick (2), Camilla Voelker (2), Katrin Czempinski (2), Emanuela Pedrazzini (1), Alesandro Vitale (1)
Sorting signals of tonoplast proteins and the pathway they follow through the endomembrane system are still poorly characterized. Using Brefeldin A (an inhibitor of the Golgi-mediated traffic) we showed that a Golgi-dependent pathway for tonoplast delivery may exist. Then we generated various chimeric TPK1-TPK4 fusions, exchanging various domains. We observed that the cytosolic, C-terminal domain of TPK1 is sufficient to re-direct the plasma membrane TPK4 to the tonoplast.