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Wednesday, November 26, 2014
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Evolution of the Contact Phase of Vertebrate Blood Coagulation
M. B. Ponczek, D. Gailani and R. F. Doolittle

Three proteases involved in the contact phase of vertebrate blood coagulation were searched in genomes of amphibians, birds and mammals. Several data sources were used during this bioinformatics analysis. Our survey confirmed that the vertebrate contact phase has occurred by way of a series of gene duplications during the course of several hundred million years of evolution, beginning with the appearance of fXII and a PK-fXI predecessor in amphibians.

Drop distribution determination in a liquid-liquid dispersion by image processing
Brás, L.M.R., Gomes E.F., Ribeiro M. M. M., Guimarães M. M. L.

Image processing is a very relevant area of computer science with applications in many domains. Quantitative analysis and interpretation of digitized images is currently an important tool in several scientific domains. The aim of the present work is the development of shape discrimination and size classification algorithms for liquid drops in monochromatic digitized frames.

Analysis of in silico stereoelectronic properties of PMD (p-menthane-3-8-diols) and its derivatives to develop a pharmacophore for insect repellent activity
Bhattacharjee AK, Chauhan K, Bathini N, Greico J, Achee N, Lawrence K, Benante JP and Gupta RK

PMD, an insect repellent that can be derived from steam distillate residue of leaves of lemon eucalyptus. No QSAR studies are known in literature. We performed ab initio (RHF/6-31G**) study of PMD derivatives. A 3D pharmacophore for repellent activity was also developed. Results indicate lipophilicity, MEP separation and localized negative MEP by oxygen atom have roles for repellency. The pharmacophore is consistent and allowed design of more effective insect repellents.

1V. Vázquez,1O. Vázquez, 1,2M.A.Balboa, 1A. Ma. Velázquez, 1V.H. Abrego, 1B.Camacho, 1L. Martínez, 1L.A. Torres, 1A. Ramírez, 1I.Martínez, 3R.López-Castañares, 1S.Díaz-Barriga, 4J. Bocanegra, 4Froylan Gómez-Laguna, 1F. Olvera, 1E.Angeles.

As part of the Drug Design in Medicinal Chemistry Program of the UNAM, new methylthiomorpholinphenol compounds with cardiovascular effect, were studied. One of them, FESCDIPINE II, was an excellent antihypertensive drug, that has low toxicity and preliminary studies indicate that the Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) system is the biological target of this compound.

3D-QSAR Common Feature Pharmacophore Model for Polyphenols as Potential Anti-Malarial Agents
Shruti Saxena, Amit K. Gupta & Mridula Saxena

3D QSAR studies have been carried out on a series of polyphenols for their antimalarial activity using CATALYST program. Hypothesis with three features namely hydrophobic (1), hydrogen bond donor (1) and hydrogen bond acceptor (1) was found to the best, which mapped well with the most active and least active compound of the test set. This model can be used to develop drugs for malarial chemotherapy.

S.N. Morozkina, O.I. Antimonova, E.M. Eremenko*, A.G. Shavva

Ursolic and betulinic acids acids induce the processes of apoptosis. We tested the risk of osteoporosis induction under influence of triterpenoids, since they can interact with glucocorticoid receptors. In experiments on oviriectomized rats we found that acids do not show any negative influence on percentage of mineral components in the femur and have cholesterol-lowering action under experimental conditions.

A.G. Shavva, V.N. Belov, A.Yu. Solovyev, S.N. Morozkina

We synthesized fourteen 6-oxa-8a-estrogens analogues and investigated osteoprotective and uterotropic actions. We demonstrated correlation: every modification in structure of 6-oxa-8-analogues leading to strong (>30%) reduction of uterotropic action induces slump of osteoprotective activity. This allows to make conclusion: main biotarget, responsible for appearance of osteoprotective action is a-estrogen receptor. We found steroid estrogen analogues with cholesterol-lowering properties without u

Scalability of heterogeneous MW-heated processes
Mark H.C.L. Dressen, Bastiaan H. P. van de Kruijs, Jan Meuldijk, Jef A. J. M. Vekemans, Lumbertus A. Hulshof

The combination of flow chemistry and microwave heating offers a unique opportunity to scale out heterogeneous microwave-assisted organic reactions. The feasibility of this setup is depending on the presence of a microwave effect, safety issues and energy efficiency.

A Modular Solution for Storage of Biological Samples
Joby Jenkins, Wayne Bowen, Ben Schenker, Chloe Milburn

The physical and chemical composition of biological samples is more diverse than the libraries of medicinal compounds used for drug discovery research. Types of samples include proteins, nucleic acids, blood and serum samples, cell suspensions, tissue biopsies, and antibodies. Thus any storage system must be flexible to accommodate the differing storage requirements of each sample type base upon its biochemical composition, stability and where appropriate, solvent.

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Showing Results 81 - 90 of 162
Scientific News
Antibiotic Resistance Threatens Future of Modern Medicine
Overuse and misuse of antibiotics, one of the key contributors to antimicrobial resistance (AMR).
Computer Model Sets New Precedent in Drug Discovery
New computational model can precisely simulate, predict therapeutic protein behaviors to help zero in on ideal drug design candidates.
New Drug for Common Liver Disease Improves Liver Health
An experimental drug aimed at treating a common liver disease showed promising results and potential problems in a multicenter clinical trial funded by the NIH.
'Rewriting' the Way to Make Natural Drug Compounds
Using an organism's own pathway to synthesize potential therapeutics.
MS Drug Candidate Shows Promise for Ulcerative Colitis
Positive new clinical data were released today on a drug candidate for ulcerative colitis that was first discovered and synthesized at The Scripps Research Institute.
New Technique has Profound Implications for Drug Development
The method, developed by Scripps Research Institute chemists, expands options for making pure batches of ‘one-handed’ molecules.
Team Discovers How Microbes Build a Powerful Antibiotic
Researchers discovery opens up new avenues of research into thousands of similar molecules.
Misfolded Proteins Clump Together in a Surprising Place
Stowers researchers create new framework for protein aggregation under acute stress.
Nanoparticle Research Could Enhance Drug Delivery Through Skin
A milestone study from the University of Southampton could have major implications for the delivery of drugs.
Chemists Recruit Anthrax to Deliver Cancer Drugs
With some tinkering, a deadly protein becomes an efficient carrier for antibody drugs.
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