Corporate Banner
Satellite Banner
Pharma Outsourcing
Scientific Community
 
Become a Member | Sign in
Home>News>This Article
  News
Return

Cognitive Training Shows Staying Power

Published: Tuesday, January 28, 2014
Last Updated: Tuesday, January 28, 2014
Bookmark and Share
NIH-funded trial shows 10-year benefit in realms of reasoning, speed.

Training to improve cognitive abilities in older people lasted to some degree 10 years after the training program was completed, according to results of a randomized clinical trial supported by the National Institutes of Health.

The findings showed training gains for aspects of cognition involved in the ability to think and learn, but researchers said memory training did not have an effect after 10 years.

The report, from the Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly (ACTIVE) study, appears in the January 2014 issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. The project was funded by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) and the National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR), components of the NIH.

"Previous data from this clinical trial demonstrated that the effects of the training lasted for five years," said NIA Director Richard J. Hodes, M.D. "Now, these longer term results indicate that particular types of cognitive training can provide a lasting benefit a decade later. They suggest that we should continue to pursue cognitive training as an intervention that might help maintain the mental abilities of older people so that they may remain independent and in the community."

"ACTIVE is an important example of intervention research aimed at enabling older people to maintain their cognitive abilities as they age," said NINR Director Patricia Grady, Ph.D. "The average age of the individuals who have been followed over the last 10 years is now 82. Given our nation's aging population, this type of research is an increasingly high priority."

The original 2,832 volunteers for the ACTIVE study were divided into three training groups - memory, reasoning and speed-of-processing - and a control group. The training groups participated in 10 60- to 70-minute sessions over five to six weeks, with some randomly selected for later booster sessions. The study measured effects for each specific cognitive ability trained immediately following the sessions and at one, two, three, five and 10 years after the training.

The investigators were also interested in whether the training had an effect on the participants' abilities to undertake some everyday and complex tasks of daily living. They assessed these using standardized measures of time and efficiency in performing daily activities, as well as asking the participants to report on their ability to carry out everyday tasks ranging from preparing meals, housework, finances, health care, using the telephone, shopping, travel and needing assistance in dressing, personal hygiene and bathing.

At the end of the trial, all groups showed declines from their baseline tests in memory, reasoning and speed of processing. However, the participants who had training in reasoning and speed of processing experienced less decline than those in the memory and control groups. Results of the cognitive tests after 10 years show that 73.6 percent of reasoning-trained participants were still performing reasoning tasks above their pre-trial baseline level compared to 61.7 percent of control participants, who received no training and were only benefiting from practice on the test. This same pattern was seen in speed training: 70.7 percent of speed-trained participants were performing at or above their baseline level compared to 48.8 percent of controls. There was no difference in memory performance between the memory group and the control group after 10 years.

Participants in all training groups said they had less difficulty performing the everyday tasks compared with those in the control group. However, standard tests of function conducted by the researchers showed no difference in functional abilities among the groups.

"The speed-of-processing results are very encouraging," said Jonathan W. King, Ph.D., program director for cognitive aging in the Division of Behavioral and Social Research at NIA and co-author. "The self-reported improvements in daily function are interesting, but we do not yet know whether they would truly allow older people to live independently longer; if they did, even a small effect would be important, not only for the older adults, but also for family members and others providing care."

The ACTIVE study followed healthy, community-dwelling older adults from six cities-Baltimore; Birmingham, Ala.; Boston; Detroit; State College, Pa.; and Indianapolis. The participants averaged 74 years of age at the beginning of the study and 14 years of education, 76 percent were female, 74 percent were white and 26 percent were African-American. The 10-year follow-up was conducted with 44 percent of the original sample between April 1998 and October 2010.

The ACTIVE study was conducted by the following investigators:

• George W. Rebok, Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore
• Karlene Ball, Ph.D., University of Alabama at Birmingham
• Michael Marsiske, Ph.D., University of Florida, Gainesville
• John N. Morris, Ph.D., and Richard N. Jones, Sc.D., Hebrew Senior Life, Boston
• Sharon L. Tennstedt, Ph.D., New England Research Institutes, Watertown, Mass.
• Frederick W. Unverzagt, Ph.D., Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis
• Sherry L. Willis, Ph.D., University of Washington, Seattle


Further Information

Join For Free

Access to this exclusive content is for Technology Networks Premium members only.

Join Technology Networks Premium for free access to:

  • Exclusive articles
  • Presentations from international conferences
  • Over 3,500+ scientific posters on ePosters
  • More than 5,000+ scientific videos on LabTube
  • 35 community eNewsletters


Sign In



Forgotten your details? Click Here
If you are not a member you can join here

*Please note: By logging into TechnologyNetworks.com you agree to accept the use of cookies. To find out more about the cookies we use and how to delete them, see our privacy policy.

Related Content

Stem Cell Therapy Heals Injured Mouse Brain
A team of researchers has developed a therapeutic technique that dramatically increases the production of nerve cells in mice with stroke-induced brain damage.
Tuesday, August 23, 2016
Zika Vaccine Testing in Humans
The NAAID has initiated a clinical trail of a vaccine candidate for the prevention of the Zika virus infection.
Thursday, August 04, 2016
NIH Begins Yellow Fever Vaccine Trial
NIH has initiated an early-stage clinical trial of a vaccine to protect against yellow fever.
Thursday, July 28, 2016
NIH-Funded Center to Study Inefficiencies in Clinical Trials
Researchers at the Duke Clinical Research Institute (DCRI) and Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) have received a major federal grant to study how multisite clinical trials of new drugs and therapies in children and adults can be conducted more rapidly and efficiently.
Thursday, July 07, 2016
PREVAIL Treatment Trial for Men with Persistent Ebola Viral RNA
The six-month study will enroll 60 to 120 EVD survivors.
Wednesday, July 06, 2016
Investigational Malaria Vaccine Protects Healthy U.S. Adults
Researchers at NIH have found that the malaria vaccine protected a small number of healthy, malaria-naïve adults in the U.S. from infection for more than one year after immunization.
Tuesday, May 10, 2016
Study Finds Factors That May Influence Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness
Researchers at NIH have suggested that the long-held approach to predicting seasonal influenza vaccine effectiveness may need to be revisited.
Wednesday, April 20, 2016
Submissions Open for the Cancer Moonshot Program
NCI opens online platform to submit ideas about research for Cancer Moonshot.
Tuesday, April 19, 2016
Promising Experimental Dengue Vaccine
A clinical trial in which volunteers were infected with dengue virus six months after receiving either an experimental dengue vaccine or a placebo injection yielded starkly contrasting results.
Thursday, March 17, 2016
Eylea Outperforms Avastin for Diabetic Macular Edema with Moderate or Worse Vision Loss
NIH-funded clinical trial shows Eylea, Avastin, and Lucentis perform similarly when vision loss is mild.
Wednesday, March 02, 2016
Vaginal Ring Provides Partial Protection From HIV In Large Multinational Trial
Study finds protective effect is strongest in women over age 25.
Friday, February 26, 2016
Experimental Ebola Antibody Protects Monkeys
Antibody isolated from Ebola survivor can advance to clinical trials.
Friday, February 26, 2016
Experimental Combination Surprises with Anti-HIV Effectiveness
A compound developed to protect the nervous system from HIV surprised researchers by augmenting the effectiveness of an investigational antiretroviral drug beyond anything expected.
Monday, January 25, 2016
Dengue Vaccine Enters Phase 3 Trial
Investigational vaccine to prevent ‘breakbone fever’ developed at NIH.
Friday, January 15, 2016
Trying to Conceive Soon After a Pregnancy Loss May Increase Chances of Live Birth
NIH study finds no reason for delaying pregnancy attempts after a loss without complications.
Wednesday, January 13, 2016
Scientific News
Advanced Lymphoma in Remission After T-Cell Therapy
63% of trial participants who recieved two-drug combination chemo plus intermediate dose of engineered T cells went into complete remission.
New Treatment for Immune Cancers
Clinical trial shows new drug holds promise for treating advanced mastocytosis.
Sickle Cell Gene Therapy Passes Test
Researchers found a precision-engineered gene therapy virus reduced sickle-induced red-cell damage in mice with sickle cell disease.
Opening Door to Oesophageal Cancer Targeted Treatments
Scientists have discovered that oesophageal cancer can be classified into three different subtypes.
Inovio Launches Zika Vaccine Trial
Inovio launches Zika vaccine trial in midst of Puerto Rico epidemic to explore early signals of vaccine efficacy.
Vitamin C May Boost Leukemia Treatment
Studies show that supplementing an epigenetic cancer drug with vitamin C enhanced the drug's effectiveness.
New Hope for Zika Treatment Found in Large-Scale Screen of Existing Drugs
Johns Hopkins researchers join collaborative group to screen 6,000 existing drugs in hopes of finding treatments for Zika Virus infection
FINCH Filgotinib Phase 3 Program Initiated
Galapagos NV reports the initiation of the FINCH global Phase 3 program in rheumatoid arthritis patient populations.
Stem Cell Therapy Heals Injured Mouse Brain
A team of researchers has developed a therapeutic technique that dramatically increases the production of nerve cells in mice with stroke-induced brain damage.
Zika Vaccine Testing in Humans
The NAAID has initiated a clinical trail of a vaccine candidate for the prevention of the Zika virus infection.
Scroll Up
Scroll Down
SELECTBIO

SELECTBIO Market Reports
Go to LabTube
Go to eposters
 
Access to the latest scientific news
Exclusive articles
Upload and share your posters on ePosters
Latest presentations and webinars
View a library of 1,800+ scientific and medical posters
3,500+ scientific and medical posters
A library of 2,500+ scientific videos on LabTube
5,000+ scientific videos
Close
Premium CrownJOIN TECHNOLOGY NETWORKS PREMIUM FOR FREE!