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Innovative technology that enables RNAi in difficult to transfect cells
Christina Yamada, Kathryn Robinson, Allison St. Amand, Zaklina Strezoska, Greg Wardle, Anastasia Khvorova, Devin Leake

Investigations at Dharmacon have led to the development of innovative siRNA molecules that can be delivered into difficult-to-transfect cells without additional lipid reagents, virus, or instruments. This technology, Accell siRNA reagents, enables gene knockdown for functional genomic studies in a wide variety of cell types. In some instances, cells can be continuously dosed with Accell siRNAs to enable target gene knockdown for extended durations.

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THe AtSCL26 transcription factor controls cross-talk between GA and N root architecture in Arabidopsis thaliana roots
Beatriz Lagunas, Anthony D. Carter, Dafyd Jenkins and Miriam Gifford

Phenotypic and molecular evidence supports the hypothesis that developmental program enabling nodule formation arose during evolution from a lateral root ‘blueprint’ pre-existing in all higher plants . We reasoned that analyzing Arabidopsis genes orthologous to regulators of nodulation could shed insight on control of lateral root development. This led us to the discovery that an Arabidopsis GRAS family transcription factor controls lateral root development under specific nitrogen conditions.

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LOHA Comprehensive Assay for Single Nucleotide Polymorphism, Copy Number Variants and Loss of Heterozygosity Using SureSelect Target Enrichment
Kyeong Soo Jeong, Arjun Vadapalli, Ashutosh Ashutosh, Paula Costa, Brian Peter, Stephanie Fulmer-Smentek, Magnus Isaksson, Jayati Ghosh, Douglas Roberts, Holly Hogrefe

Here we describe a comprehensive assay that enables researchers to identify SNP, INDEL, CNV, and LOH using SureSelect target enrichment. This design can be employed as a standalone entity or in concert with other bait designs for SNP and INDEL detection. We also describe methods for data analysis and visualization.

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An examination of specific cellular organelle-targeting nanotags using combined 3D Raman and SERS imaging
Katherine Lau, Sarah McAughtrie, Karen Faulds, Duncan Graham

We investigated the specific targeting of endoplasmic reticulum and trans-Golgi network in Chinese hamster ovarian cells using functionalised nanotags. The targeting was examined using the combined 3D SERS and Raman imaging method.

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The Power Decoder simulator for the evaluation of pooled shRNA screen performance
Jesse Stombaugh, Abel Licon, Žaklina Strezoska, Joshua Stahl, Sarah Bael Anderson, Michael Banos, Anja van Brabant Smith, Amanda Birmingham, Annaleen Vermeulen

Power Decoder (written in R and Python) simulates shRNA pooled screening experiments in silico to allow for the estimation of a screen’s statistical power. Populations of shRNAs were engineered in such a way that the magnitude of depletion and enrichment was known, then using the negative binomial distribution, an in silico model was developed to successfully resemble data from an actual laboratory experiment.

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Polymer Microarrays for Biomaterial Development
Simmonte, M.J.1, Dhaliwal, K.2, Cuschieri, K.3, Graham, S.V.4, Bradley, M.1

The application of polymer microarrays in the discovery of biocompatible and bioactive substrates. Progress towards biomaterial development for the treatment of SIRS (systemic inflammatory response syndrome), and improving cervical cytology.

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Knockdown of long noncoding RNAs in breast cancer
1 Jennii Luu, 2 Jesper Maag, 1 Yanny Handoko, 3 Richard Redvers, 3,4 Robin L. Anderson, 5 Maren M. Gross , 2 Marcel E. Dinger, and 1,3 Kaylene J. Simpson 1 Victorian Centre for Functional Genomics, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre; 2 Genome Informatics, The Kinghorn Cancer Centre, The Garvan Institute of Medical Research; 3 Metastasis Research Laboratory, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, 4 Sir Peter MacCallum Department of Oncology, University of Melbourne;

RNAi global collaboration study using Lincode siRNA in a primary screen of tumor and nontumor breast cell lines. Hundreds of lncRNAs are found to affect viability and cell morphology of breast cancer. Presented at Keystone Symposia on Long Noncoding RNAs: From Evolution to Function, Mar 15 - Mar 20, 2015.

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Elizabeth N.M Murago1, Nathan Oyaro1, Anthony N. Gachanja, Onditi O. Anam, Felix M. Mawili, Steve Lancaster

From this study, the pain killers sampled were found to have large error bars suggesting that there exist counterfeit drugs in the market. The brands mostly affected for analysis of acetaminophen were panadol, action, P500, P5500, elymol and neladol. The error bars for caffeine analysis were quite low indicating that all tablets either counterfeit or original maintained the same amount of this active ingredient.

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A. Mbiri, A. Onditi, N. Oyaro

Generally, honey samples recorded very low concentrations of As compared to the other heavy metals determined in this study. The highest concentration of As was recorded in honey sample from Nairobi with a value of 0.03±0.01 ppm. All the values recorded were within the KEBS permitted value of 0.5 ppm in food according to Kenya Bureaue of Standards, 1996.

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Scientific News
Non-Disease Proteins Kill Brain Cells
Scientists at the forefront of cutting-edge research into neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s have shown that the mere presence of protein aggregates may be as important as their form and identity in inducing cell death in brain tissue.
Closing the Loop on an HIV Escape Mechanism
Research team finds that protein motions regulate virus infectivity.
New Class of RNA Tumor Suppressors Identified
Two short, “housekeeping” RNA molecules block cancer growth by binding to an important cancer-associated protein called KRAS. More than a quarter of all human cancers are missing these RNAs.
Gut Microbes Signal to the Brain When They're Full
Don't have room for dessert? The bacteria in your gut may be telling you something.
Turning up the Tap on Microbes Leads to Better Protein Patenting
Mining millions of proteins could become faster and easier with a new technique that may also transform the enzyme-catalyst industry, according to University of California, Davis, researchers.
Exploring the Causes of Cancer
Queen's research to understand the regulation of a cell surface protein involved in cancer.
Measuring microRNAs in Blood to Speed Cancer Detection
A simple, ultrasensitive microRNA sensor holds promise for the design of new diagnostic strategies and, potentially, for the prognosis and treatment of pancreatic and other cancers.
Novel Proteins Linked to Huntington's Disease
University of Florida Health researchers have made a new discovery about Huntington's disease, showing that the gene that causes the fatal disorder makes an unexpected "cocktail" of mutant proteins that accumulate in the brain.
Enzyme Critical to Maintaining Telomere Length Discovered
New method expected to speed understanding of short telomere diseases and cancer.
New Method Identifies Up to Twice as Many Proteins and Peptides
An international team of researchers developed a method that identifies up to twice as many proteins and peptides in mass spectrometry data than conventional approaches.
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