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Software for Genomic/Epigenomic Research
A.S.Tanas, V.V.Shkarupo, E.B.Kuznetsova, D.V.Zaletayev, V.V. Strelnikov

We present two computer programs: 1) AIMS in silico - a suggestion tool for Amplification of Intermethylated Sites experimental design and results analysis; and 2) PeakPick – a tool to view & analyse capillary electrophoregrams Our computer software is intended to standardize AIMS applications and to turn it into one of the principal approaches towards cancer methylomes studies as well as towards diagnostics in oncology, including early screening.

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Insulin Decreases Transcription of Three Proteins Associated with Lung Surfactant
Rucka, Z [a], Vanhara, P [b], Tesarova, L [a], Potesilova, M [a], Stejskal, S [a], Dolezel, J [c], Koutna, I [a]

Our project is partially focused on insulin affecting four proteins associated with lung surfactant. Small and hydrophobic SP-B and S-PC help to spread and stabilize the surfactant layer while large and hydrophilic SP-A and SP-D participate in immune responses. A549 and H441 cell lines were used. It was observed using RealTime PCR that higher doses of insulin lead to decreased transcription of SP-B, SP-C, SP-D, and both isoforms of SP-A.

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Synthesis and trafficking of the tonoplast potassium channel AtTPK1
Marie Maitrejean (1,2), Michael Wudick (2), Camilla Voelker (2), Katrin Czempinski (2), Emanuela Pedrazzini (1), Alesandro Vitale (1)

Sorting signals of tonoplast proteins and the pathway they follow through the endomembrane system are still poorly characterized. Using Brefeldin A (an inhibitor of the Golgi-mediated traffic) we showed that a Golgi-dependent pathway for tonoplast delivery may exist. Then we generated various chimeric TPK1-TPK4 fusions, exchanging various domains. We observed that the cytosolic, C-terminal domain of TPK1 is sufficient to re-direct the plasma membrane TPK4 to the tonoplast.

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Geneset-based cancer survival analysis: On the non-uniform distributiuon of p-values under the null hypothesis
Esteban Czwan, Benedikt Brors, David Kipling

Although null p-values are assumed to be uniformly distributed in gene expression experiments, the actual distribution often deviates from the assumed distribution. This can incorrectly associate the biology of a geneset with cancer prognosis in geneset-based survival studies. To assess the implications of this, a geneset-based method was developed. This method empirically approximates the distribution of null p-values and tests whether predefined sets of biologically-related genes are associate

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Reactome - a knowledgebase of human biological pathways
Esther E Schmidt, Michael Caudy, David Croft, Bernard de Bono, Phani V Garapati, Gopal Gopinath, Marc Gillespie, Robin Haw, Bijay Jassal, Steven Jupe, Alexander Kanapin, Shahana Mahajan, Lisa Matthews, Bruce May, Gavin O’Kelly, Imre Vastrik, Guanming Wu, Ewan Birney, Peter D'Eustachio, Lincoln Stein

Reactome is a manually curated knowledgebase, created and peer-reviewed by experts in their field. Its robust data model describes life processes ranging from metabolism to signal transduction and the cell cycle. As of release 28, Reactome contains 3700 human proteins in 3200 reactions. Data is cross-referenced to publicly available web-based informatics resources. Reactome features the SkyPainter tool for analysis of high-throughput datasets, and the Mart query and data retrieval tool.

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Panic attack and suicide risk: A multivariate logistic regression analysis of a national epidemiological survey
Curren Katz, Ramin Mojtabai, Leo Bierman, Kathleen Camacho, Janine Samuel, Gillian Jennings, Igor Galynker

To examine the relationship between panic attack and suicide risk, we analyzed data from a representative epidemiological survey of 43,093 adults (NESARC) using logistic regression controlling for socio-demographic and clinical variables. In depression, panic attacks are associated with increased odds of suicide attempt even after controlling for demographic and clinical variables. Furthermore, panic attacks can differentiate those who attempt suicide from those with ideation only.

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Panic attack and suicide risk: A multivariate logistic regression analysis of a national epidemiological survey
Curren Katz, Ramin Mojtabai, Leo Bierman, Kathleen Camacho, Janine Samuel, Gillian Jennings, Igor Galynker

To examine the relationship between panic attack and suicide risk, we analyzed data from a representative epidemiological survey of 43,093 adults (NESARC) using logistic regression controlling for socio-demographic and clinical variables. In depression, panic attacks are associated with increased odds of suicide attempt even after controlling for demographic and clinical variables. Furthermore, panic attacks can differentiate those who attempt suicide from those with ideation only.

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Evaluation of a Novel Approach for the Measurement of RNA Quality
Timothy Wilkes; Alison Devonshire; Carole Foy

The potential medical applications of microarrays have generated much interest, within the biomedical community. Numerous potential sources of variation have raised concerns regarding assay consistency and data quality. Previous studies have highlighted RNA integrity as having a major effect on data quality. We describe here a comparison of the performance characteristics of the Agilent (Bioanalyser) and Lab901 (Screen Tape System) platforms, and their capacity to determine sample RNA integrity.

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Evaluation of a Novel Approach for the Measurement of RNA Quality
Timothy Wilkes; Alison Devonshire; Carole Foy

The potential medical applications of microarrays have generated much interest, within the biomedical community. Numerous potential sources of variation have raised concerns regarding assay consistency and data quality. Previous studies have highlighted RNA integrity as having a major effect on data quality. We describe here a comparison of the performance characteristics of the Agilent (Bioanalyser) and Lab901 (Screen Tape System) platforms, and their capacity to determine sample RNA integrity.

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Showing Results 71 - 80 of 147
Scientific News
MU Researchers Discover Protein's Ability To Inhibit HIV Release
TIM-family proteins have the ability to block the release of HIV and other viruses.
Epigenetic Study Bolsters Alzheimer's Understanding
The current study found that chemical modifications to DNA within the ANK1 gene are strongly associated with measures of neuropathology in the brain.
Identification of Psoriatic Arthritis Mediators in Synovial Fluid
This study represents the most comprehensive proteomic analysis of psoriatic arthritis synovial fluid, to date.
GTEx Project to Expand Functional Studies of Genomic Variation
Larger set of human tissues to be analyzed to contribute to a database and tissue bank that researchers can use to study how genomic variants influence gene activity.
Subcellular Imaging Visualizes Structures of Brain Receptors
The advance opens a new window to study protein interactions in cell membranes in exquisite detail.
UTSW Cancer Researchers Identify Irreversible Inhibitor for KRAS Gene Mutation
Irreversible inhibitor for KRAS gene mutation involved in lung, colon, and pancreatic cancers.
UK Government Must Do More to Reduce Risk of vCJD Infection
Report recommends that UK Government commission a full assessment of the risks currently faced by the UK blood supply.
Capturing Cancer: A Powerful New Technique for Early Diagnosis
Researchers describe an innovative technique for early disease detection, which they call immunosignaturing.
Significant Step Towards Blood Test for Alzheimer's
Scientists have identified a set of 10 proteins in the blood which can predict the onset of Alzheimer’s, marking a significant step towards developing a blood test for the disease.
Researchers Identify Urgent Need for Alzheimer's Disease Drug Development
Analysis of clinical trials published in the journal Alzheimer's Research & Therapy shows that the pipeline for potential treatments of AD is small and rate of success is limited.
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