Kiadis Pharma B.V. announced that the fiveyear follow-up of patients with high-risk malignancies from its Phase I/II clinical study confirms long-term safety and efficacy of ATIR™ over a broad dose range. ATIR™ is a cell-based product designed to enable stem cell transplantations from partially mismatched (haploidentical) family donors for patients who do not have a standard of care stem cell donor available. The results demonstrate proof of concept and show that ATIR™ infusion after a T-cell depleted haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) provides immune protection shortly after the transplantation and improves long-term outcome in high-risk patients with very poor prognosis.
Not only does the study confirm that ATIR™ provides an effective treatment for patients for whom a standard of care stem cell donor is not available, the long term survival even seems to compare favorably to patients who do have a standard of care matched unrelated donor available. The overall survival of patients with high-risk malignancies in the Phase I/II study who received an efficacious dose of ATIR™ was 78% and 67% after one and five years, respectively. Data from the Center for International Blood & Marrow Transplant Research (CIMBTR) show that the one (and five) year survival of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who do have a standard of care matched unrelated donor available, varies from 65% (and 35%) in low-risk patients to 45% (and 20%) in high-risk patients, respectively.
In this Phase I/II study, 19 high-risk leukemia patients were treated with escalating doses of ATIR™ after a haploidentical HSCT. The five-year follow-up data show no transplant related mortality in the nine patients who received an efficacious dose of ATIR™. In addition, no Grade III-IV (life-threatening) acute Graft versus Host Disease (GvHD) was observed at any dose, which again compares favorably to standard of care matched unrelated donor transplantations, where (according to data from the CIBMTR) incidence of life-threatening GvHD is 30%. The strong five-year survival data also suggest that immune cells responsible for the Graft versus Leukemia effect are retained in ATIR™.
The results of the study allowed selecting the optimal ATIR™ dose for further development. Data from this five-year study will be published in due course in a peer-reviewed medical journal.
An international multi-center Phase II study including patients with AML, acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), to confirm and extend the data from the Phase I/II study, is now ongoing with topline results of the first phase expected in H1 2014.
Manfred Ruediger, PhD, Chief Executive Officer of Kiadis Pharma, commented: "The results from this study, which spans five years, show that ATIR™ might change the way in which patients with hematological malignancies will be treated. These data show that ATIR™ not only prevents significant infections without eliciting life-threatening GvHD, but also strongly improves survival rates in patients with high-risk malignancies and very poor prognosis. Our currently ongoing international Phase II clinical study is designed to confirm and extend these data to expedite moving ATIR™ towards regulatory approval."
Dr. Denis-Claude Roy, Professor of Medicine at the University of Montreal and principal investigator for the study, added: "We are very excited about the long-term effects of ATIR™. In demonstrating very strong efficacy in minimizing posttransplantation risks and improving overall survival, these longterm data represent a potential major advancement in providing patients for whom a suitable matched donor is not available, with the opportunity to receive an HSCT from a mismatched family member with ATIR™ added as an adjunctive treatment."