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Improved Small RNA Library Preparation Workflow for Next-Generation Sequencing
Sabrina Shore, Jordana Henderson, Anton McCaffrey, Gerald Zon, Richard Hogrefe

We describe an optimized small RNA NGS library prep workflow using chemically modified adapters which suppresses adapter dimers, allows for RNA inputs down to 1 ng and eliminates the need for a gel purification step, thus allowing full automation not previously possible.

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Fluorescent Nanoprobes Confined in a Drop as a novel Sensing Platform for Detection of Metal Species at Trace Level
Carlos Bendicho, Isabel Costas-Mora, Vanesa Romero, Isela Lavilla

In the last years, a great interest has arisen concerning the design and development of new optical probes for the sensitive and selective detection of chemical species making use of miniaturized and environmental friendly methods. In this sense, quantum dots (QDs) and metal nanoclusters (NCs) have important optical properties to be applied in analytical systems as fluorescent probes.

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Specificity of highly potent miRNA inhibitors
Barbara Robertson, Andrew Dalby, Yuriy Fedorov, Jon Karpilow, Anastasia Khvorova1, Devin Leake, Annaleen Vermeulen

miRNA inhibitors are invaluable tools for elucidating the roles of miRNAs. However, potent inhibitors may also affect other miRNAs. To understand the potential cross-reactivity of miRNA inhibitors, various miRNA inhibitor designs were systematically tested. We demonstrate that mismatches both within and outside the seed region of the miRNA interfere with inhibition. Our findings indicate that features important for natural miRNA target recognition are also important for inhibitor specificity.

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Targeting Cancer Stem Cell-Related miRNAs for Prostate Cancer Therapy
ANSHIKA NIKITA SINGH, MEGHNA BARUAH, NEETI SHARMA

The poster focuses on the pivotal function of miRNAs in tumorigenesis by regulation of self renewal and apoptosis via cancer stem cell signalling pathways with special focus on their regulation of Epithelial to Mesenchymal transition in metastatic prostate cancer.

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siRNA Screening: Development of Hit Stratification Strategies
Žaklina Strezoska, Annaleen Vermeulen, Emily M. Anderson, Anja Smith, Devin Leake

This poster compares different approaches to hit stratification and validation after an initial screen. Standard siRNA reagents deconvoluted from a pooled set of four were compared to a pooled set of four specificity enhanced reagents. High confidence hits were similar. To explore the validity of low confidence hits, a chimeric approach was used whereby a gene-specific seed sequence was introduced into a non-targeting siRNA scaffold. This work resulted in new hit stratification strategies.

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Identification of microRNA targets using microRNA modulation techniques and gene expression arrays
Emily M. Anderson, Maren Mayer, Kevin Sullivan, Barbara Robertson, Žaklina Strezoska, Annaleen Vermeulen, and Devin Leake

By examining the overlap of messages down-regulated by miRNA mimics and up-regulated by miRNA inhibitors, we robustly identify miRNA-regulated messages, many of which have canonical seed matches and some which are not identied by standard target prediction programs.

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Specificity and functionality of microRNA inhibitors
Barbara Robertson, Andrew Dalby, Jon Karpilow, Anastasia Khvorova, Devin Leake and Annaleen Vermeulen

Our findings indicate that features important for natural miRNA target recognition also appear to be important for inhibitor specificity. Understanding the specificity of inhibitors allows for better interpretation of inhibitor activity in endogenous systems.

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Alternative miRNA design for therapeutic RNAi applications
Anja van Brabant Smith, Barb Robertson, Annaleen Vermeulen, Christina Yamada, Angela Reynolds, Anastasia Khvorova, Devin Leake

For in vivo applications, the design of miRNA inhibitors and miRNA mimics must be optimized for stability and potency. However, stabilized miRNA mimic molecules can lose functionality compared to standard miRNA mimic molecules due, in part, to the activity of the stabilized passenger strand acting as a miRNA inhibitor. We discuss how mismatches affect the activity of the stabilized miRNA mimics, perhaps by generating a passenger strand that is less functional as an inhibitor molecule.

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Integrating Fluorescent Carbon Nanodot Synthesis and Optical Detection of Methylmercury
Carlos Bendicho, Isabel Costas-Mora, Vanesa Romero, Isela Lavilla

In the last years, a great interest toward development of optical nanoprobes has arisen, so fluorescent nanomaterials have been implemented in analytical systems for the detection of several species. In this work, a novel assay that integrates the synthesis of fluorescent carbon dots (CDs) and sensing within one step, for the fast, sensitive and selective detection of methylmercury is presented.

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Impact of Molecular Surface Charge on Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy Biosensing
Y. Ram, T. Yoetz-Kopelman, A. Freeman and Y. Shacham-Diamand

Molecular surface charge was found to be the dominant parameter when monitoring protein binding events by Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy with a charged redox couple. A biosensing device was fabricated, and a physical model was derived to explain the results.

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Showing Results 1 - 10 of 179
Scientific News
Immunomagnetic Assay On-a-Chip Captures, Analyzes Circulating Tumor Cells
Dartmouth researchers and bioengineers develop novel system to improve cancer treatment.
The Switch That Might Tame The Most Aggressive Of Breast Cancers
Garvan researchers have found that so-called ‘triple-negative breast cancers’ are two distinct diseases that likely originate from different cell types. They have also found a gene that drives the aggressive disease, and hope to find a way to ‘switch it off’.
Gene Editing Technique Mastered In Mosquito That Transmits Deadly Diseases
Technique will help researchers learn more about the role of genes that are involved in mosquito propagation.
Honey Bees Use Multiple Genetic Pathways To Fight Infections
The findings may help scientists develop honey bee treatments that are tailored to specific types of infections.
Chemical Tag Marks Future microRNAs for Processing
New research reveals how cells sort out the loops meant to encode small RNAs.
Blood Test Could Help Bowel Cancer Patients Avoid Drug Side-Effects
Manchester researchers have provided early evidence to suggest that a blood test could be used to identify bowel cancer patients that may benefit from more intensive chemotherapy.
Bright New Hope for Beating Deadly Hereditary Stomach and Breast Cancers
Researchers use genomic screening to search for vulnerabilities in the cancer cells.
Novel Approach Gives Insights Into Tumor Development
Scientists used a powerful new technique to turn off all the genes in mouse lung cancer cells and test how they affect tumor growth and metastasis.
New Cyclotron Facility at UT Southwestern
Expands research opportunities and imaging capabilities for detecting, tracking cancer.
Strengthening the Immune System’s Fight Against Brain Cancer
NIH-funded research suggests novel way to improve vaccine efficacy in brain tumors.
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