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Recent Technical Developments in the Standardized Separation and Measurement of Extracellular Vesicles
Amy Phillips (1), Robert Vogel(2), and Murray F. Broom(1)

We present robust and practical solutions for the standardization of EV isolation and concentration measurement. EV concentration also needs to have a defined size range. With these solutions, significant improvement in the reproducibility and comparability of results between different researchers is possible.

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Artificial Multi-Gene Expression Systems Design Service for Natural Compound Formation and Hetero Protein Complexes
Bernauer, Hubert, Gregor Zipf and Josef Maier

Drug discovery of natural compounds drug development and drug target analyses as well as bioproduction can benefit from artificial genetic systems and constructions. The direction in which genes are to be developed is written in the genomes. Synthesis oriented genomic analyses of codon bias and tRNA adaption analyses are prerequisites for generating adaptive, highly functional genes.

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Identifying Molecular Signatures of Tumors Using Novel Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer Networks
Vishwa Nellore, Chris Dwyer

We developed FRET sensors that can detect 125 fluorophores simultaneously. From experimental analyses of over 1200 time-resolved fluorescence signatures on 300 prototypical sensors, we show that the optical responses are highly repeatable and minor variations between FRET networks can be discriminated resulting in a total of 10^375 unique responses in theory.

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Amino-Coated Metallofullerene Nanoparticles for Glioblastoma Mutiforme Tumor Detection
Tinghui Li , Susan. Murphy, Kanwarpal Bakshi, Steven LaConte, Zhi Sheng, and Harry Dorn

We report the preparation of a new functionalized trimetallic nitride endohedral metallofullerene, with a cage surface consisting of positively charged amino groups, which is expected to bind more efficiently to negatively charged cell phospholipid bi-layer cellular surfaces and will more readily undergo endocytosis. We now report that this Gd-nanoplatform when subsequently conjugated with an IL-13 peptide, (IL-13-Gd3N@C80(OH)x(NH2)y) exhibits enhanced targeting of U-251 GBM cell lines.

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Liposomes and Nanoparticles as Delivery Vehicles for the Treatment of Lung Diseases
Raisa Kiseleva1, Jennifer Mulligan2, Carl Atkinson2, Rodney Schlossser2, Alexey Vertegel1

Targeted nanoparticle-based drug delivery to the lungs is an emerging area of interest for both scientists and medical workers because it allows better drug retention in the lungs and can provide prolonged drug release. In our study we investigated the potential of using liposomes and polymeric nanoparticles surface modified with a specific antibody as drug carriers for targeted drug delivery to the lungs.

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Next Generation Multivalent PRINT Nanoparticle Vaccine Targeting Pneumococcal Disease
Shyam Rele,1 RiLee Robeson,1 Anton Beletskii,1 Jeremy Hansen,1 Meredith Earl,1 Gabe Fawcett,1* Marquita Lilly,1 Joseph Marchand,1 Michele Stone,1 Camille Bernasconi,1 Jinny Conley,1 Michael Hunter,1 Ramya Yadavalli,1 Nicole Meyer,1 Lara Kelly,1 Ben Yerxa,1 Jeff Maisonneuve,2 Mark Alderson,2 Frank Malinoski1

A new generation PRINT nanoparticle Pneumococcal vaccine matrix has been designed to mimic size and structural aspects of bacterial pathogens to efficiently present and deliver polysaccharide and protein antigens to elicit robust immune responses.

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Print Nanoparticle Vaccine Carrying Bacterial Polysaccharide And Protein Antigens Induces Enhanced B- And T-Cell (Il-17) Immunity
Anton Beletskii,1 Camille Bernasconi,1 Jinny Conley, Meredith Earl,1 Gabe Fawcett,1 Jeremy Hansen,1 Lara Kelly,1 Marquita Lilly,1 Frank Malinoski,1 Joseph Marchand,1 Nicole Meyer,1 Shyam Rele,1 RiLee Robeson,1 Michele Stone,1 Ben Yerxa,1 Jeff Maisonneuve,2 Mark Alderson 2

Antigenic multivalent PRINT nanoparticle formulations leverage precise control of size, shape and composition, sterile filterability and scalable cGMP roll-to roll manufacturing to offering a low cost and simplified manufacturing advantage over traditional conjugate vaccines.

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Design and Evaluation of High Definition Probe for HPV genotyping Microarray
Sihn Ae Lee, Ah Reum Park, Inyoung Kim, Ji Hyung Lee, and Jongwon Kim

To improve the sensitivity and specificity of the HPV DNA Microarray, we adopted triple oligonucleotide probes for each targets and selected these probes not to have higher similarity of 75% with each others. These triple probes have shown 10 ~ 100 times higher sensitivities with comparable specificities than the conventional HPV DNA microarray of single oligonuclotide probe.

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Digital PCR to Determine the Number of Transcripts from Single Neurons after Patch-clamp Recording
Nóra Faragó1,2, Ágnes K. Kocsis3, Sándor Lovas3, Gábor Molnár3, Márton Rózsa3, Viktor Szemenyei3, Ágnes Zvara2, Gábor Tamás3, László G Puskás1,2

Whole-cell patch-clamp recording enables detecting electrophysiological signals from neurons, and RNA can be harvested into the patch pipette from the cells.We have optimized a dPCR protocol for determining exact transcript numbers in single neurons after patch-clamp recording by using dPCR based on high-density nanocapillary PCR.

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Novel Gpr39 Agonists: Correlation Of Binding Affinity Using Label-Free Back-Scattering Interferometry With Potency In Functional Assays
Daniel Brown (1), Niklas Larsson (2), Ola Fjellström (3), Anders Johansson (3), Sara Lundqvist (2), Johan Brengdahl (2), and Richard J. Isaacs (1)

We describe the application of back-scattering interferometry (BSI) to the characterization of small molecule ligand binding to human GPR39 (a GPCR targeted for type-2 diabetes therapy) overexpressed in crude membrane fractions in free solution, including how BSI-derived affinity and functional assay-derived potency correlate for compounds of varying scaffolds.

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Showing Results 1 - 10 of 153
Scientific News
Silencing the FOXP2 Speech Gene Causes Breast Cancer Cells to Metastasize
BIDMC investigators make the surprising discovery that a gene associated with speech and language is linked to advanced breast cancer.
Fast Modeling Of Cancer Mutations
New genome-editing technique enables rapid analysis of genes mutated in tumors.
New Test can Help Doctors Choose Best Treatment for Ovarian Cancer
ADNEX discriminate between benign and malignant tumours with a high level of accuracy.
All the Cell’s a Stage
Brian Strahl, PhD, and his band of biochemists unravel the complicated mysteries of the epigenetic code to find a culprit in cancer development.
New Cancer Drug To Begin Trials In Multiple Myeloma Patients
Scientists at Imperial College London have developed a new cancer drug which they plan to trial in multiple myeloma patients by the end of next year.
ISB Gets $6.5 Million from NCI
Company has received two-year contract to create ‘Cancer Genomics Cloud’ with partners Google and SRA International.
Precise Control Over Genes Results from Game-Changing Research
UCSF invention greatly amplifies power of CRISPR technology.
Unusual Skin Cancer Linked To Chronic Allergy
Scientists have learned that inflammation at the site of an allergic skin rash can promote skin tumor formation if it persists.
New Clues For Early Colorectal Cancer Detection
Study identifies new biomarkers which could help detect colorectal cancer.
New 'Lab-on-a-Chip' Could Revolutionize Early Diagnosis of Cancer
Faster result times, reduced costs, minimal sample demands and better sensitivity of analysis.
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