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Microsphere Approach to Gene Silencing
J. M. Cardenas-Maestre, A. Seth, R. M. Sanchez-Martin

The design of a new generation of bio-compatible polymeric particles (by introduction of polycationic chains as terminal groups) that can be employed as transfecting agents.

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Argonaute 1 regulates germ cell division and oocyte determination in Drosophila melanogaster
Mohd Ghows Mohd Azzam and Ji-Long Liu

We find that Ago1 protein is be enriched in the oocytes and also distributed in the cytoplasm of follicle cells. Using mitotic clonal analysis, we analyze multiple ago1 mutant alleles. Here, we find that the oocyte do not form in many mutant clones and they only have 8 nurse cells. These results indicate that the level of Ago1 affects the number of cystoblast divisions and oocyte determination.

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NEW TECHNOLOGIES FOR FFPE SAMPLES: Improved RNA Isolation and novel cDNA priming for qPCR and for universal mRNA amplification
G Krupp1; R Jaggi2; D Englert3, DJ Wilson3, S Laken3, S, ES Quabius4

Improved FFPE RNA isolation, novel TR priming for complete recovery of FFPE mRNA fragments. Differential expression defines Scores for tumor classification: comparing fresh-frozen with FFPE. Novel flow-through Ziplex microarray platform demonstrates MAQC performance level of data obtained with FFPE samples.

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FOXP3 Gene Expression in Multiple Sclerosis patients before and after Mesenchymal Stem Cell therapy
Maryam Mohajeri, Mandana Mohyeddin Bonab, Behrooz Nikbin, Ali Farazmand

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disorder of the CNS. No successful treatment for MS, but one therapeutic strategy in research is the use of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). We studied a group of MS patients who underwented MSCs, assayed for expression of a transcription factor, FOXP3, as a specific marker of MS amelioration in peripheral blood. qRT-PCR on PBMCs showed higher FoxP3 levels.

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miR-21 upregulation and miR-128a downregulation in human glioblastomas
P. Costa1,2, A. Cardoso1, L. Almeida1,3, M.C. Pedroso de Lima1,2, P. Canoll4, J. Bruce5

miRNA deregulation is an important hallmark on cancer development and progression. This work shows that miR-21 is overexpressed is human glioblastoma samples and cell lines, whereas miR-128a is highly downregulated on these tumours. miRNA modulation using antisense oligonucleotides and/or miRNA precursor molecules decreased tumor cell viability. Thus, targeting deregulated miRNAs may constitute a complementary/alternative approach on the treatment of glioblastomas and other miRNA-related maligna

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Receptor Interacting Protein 140 (RIP140) silencing via RNAi interferes with fatty acid metabolism but not with glucose uptake in L6 muscle cells
Constantinescu, S., Turcotte, L.P

The role of RIP140 in the regulation of fatty acid uptake, oxidation and glucose uptake was investigated in muscle cells using RNAi technique. Cells were incubated ±insulin before measurement of glucose and FA kinetics. We suggest that reducing RIP140 expression in muscle has no impact on the regulation of GU but leads to high rates of FAU and reduced sensitivity to insulin as it pertains to FA metabolism.

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Co-rgulation of tumour suppressor gene programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) by miR-21 and miR-499 in head and neck cancer
Xiaoying Zhang 1, 2, Barbara Rose 1, 2, Rosetta Martiniello-Wilks3 and Nham Tran 1, 2, 3

This study has identified differentially expressed miRNAs in tonsil cancers and provides new evidence for co-regulation of the oncogene PDCD4 by miR021 and miR-499

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Protein array-based screening of autoantibody signatures
Zingaretti C., Arigò M., Colombatto P., Brunetto M., Muratori L., Bonino F., Bianchi F., Pagani M., De Francesco R., Abrignani S., Bombaci M.

The evidence for an association between autoimmune diseases and chronic HCV infection has been clearly established. To this aim, a protein array was employed to analyze serum samples of HCV patients w/wo autoimmune complications, of patients with autoimmune hepatitis but not infected with HCV and of healthy donors as controls. A panel of autoantigens able to discriminate among the three groups of patients was identified for potential use as biomarkers.

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Clinical Evaluation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) induced with directed differentiation to gonadotrope cells to cure vasculogenic impotency and to improve coital frequency in males. An open st
Timothy S. Andersson, David K. Chin, Wendy Hiu Wai Wong

This work demonstrates the clinical efficacy, tolerability and safety of patient-syngenic hESC induced with directed differentiation to gonadotrope cells. Hypothalamus transmits gonadotropin releasing factor to pituitary that sets off LH and FSH to Sertoli cell and Seminiferous tubule resulting Leydig cell to produces testosterone. This potential offers a rationale to evaluate hESCs to cure patients with vasculogenic impotency and to improve coital frequency in males.

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Showing Results 41 - 50 of 140
Scientific News
Bowel Cancer Breakthrough May Benefit Thousands of Patients
Researchers at Queen’s University have discovered how two genes cause bowel cancer cells to become resistant to treatments used against the disease.
Study Finds Low Oxygen Environment Helps Tumors Silence Critical Genes
The study led by Yale Cancer Center may provide clues to how some aggressive cancers turn off, or silence, genes critical to suppressing tumors.
Researchers Uncover New Cancer Cell Vulnerability
The research showed that telomerase-expressing cells depend upon a gene named p21 for their survival.
Self-assembling Nanoparticle Could Improve MRI Scanning for Cancer Diagnosis
Scientists have designed the nanoparticle that targets tumours, to help doctors diagnose cancer earlier.
Wisconsin Scientists Find Genetic Recipe to Turn Stem Cells to Blood
The ability to reliably and safely make in the laboratory all of the different types of cells in human blood is one key step closer to reality.
Capturing Cancer: A Powerful New Technique for Early Diagnosis
Researchers describe an innovative technique for early disease detection, which they call immunosignaturing.
Study Identifies Novel Genomic Changes in the Most Common Type of Lung Cancer
TCGA finds mutations in a key cancer-causing pathway, expanding targets for existing drugs.
Low Doses of Arsenic Cause Cancer in Male Mice
NIH researchers found that arsenic in drinking water develop lung cancer.
Brain Tumor Invasion Along Blood Vessels May Lead to New Cancer Treatments
NIH-funded researchers find brain tumor cells disrupt the brain’s protective barrier, offering potential avenues for therapy.
Revealing the Role of “Precocious” Dendritic Cells in Inflammatory Response
Discovery makes it possible for researchers to explore how these “precocious” cells escalate the body’s immune response when the body is under attack.
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