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Friday, August 01, 2014
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Use of gamma scinitigraphy to understand inhaled device/formulation variables on delivery efficiency and
Peter Scholes and Karen Jones

Systemic delivery of both small molecules and macromolecules via inhaled therapies is an area of significant ongoing research1. The pulmonary route offers the physiological benefits of a highly vascularised, large surface area for absorption which can promote high bioavailability and a rapid onset of action. For biomolecules such as peptides, proteins and nucleic acid derivatives, inhaled drug delivery can also provide a viable alterative to intravenous administration.

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Quantifying the Impact of a Drug on Gastric Emptying: Measuring the Pharmacodynamic Effect in Clinical Trials
A Rankin, M Paterson, A Connor

Many drug classes are known to alter the rate of gastric emptying. Whilst there is no specific regulatory guidance requiring the impact of drugs on GE to be measured, it is important to fully understand the mode of action and the relationship between the pharmacokinetic profile and the pharmacodynamic response.

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Building Flexibility ino Phase I Protocols and Early Clinical Development Programs
Lloyd Stevens and Gareth King

The transition of a drug candidate into Phase I and other early drug development programs is undergoing considerable examination and change. This has largely been brought about by commercial and scientific drivers to reduce attrition rates coupled with an evolving regulatory environment, all of which encourage the pharmaceutical industry to build both scientific focus and flexibility into the drug development program.

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Evaluation of Human Regional Bioavailability to Assess Whether Modified Release Development is Feasible
A Connor, G King and K Jones

Many modified release (MR) oral formulations rely on bioavailability from the distal regions of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract (i.e. the ileum and colon). Therefore, by assessing the bioavailability of a drug following delivery to the distal intestines, it is possible to determine whether MR formulation development is achievable.

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Diagnostic Significance of microRNA Tumor Biomarkers in Fine Needle Aspirates (FNA) of Pancreatic Cancer
Martina Doleshal 1, Anna E. Szafranska 1, Hayward S. Edmunds 2, Gregory J. Tsongalis 2, Murray Korc 2 and Emmanuel Labourier 1

Collection of pancreatic fine needle aspirates (FNAs) in RNARetain™ allows stabilization and protection of RNA in tissues containing high levels of nucleases; Differential miRNA expression in pancreatic FNAs accurately classifies benign and malignant tissue; Combinations of miRNA and mRNA expression signatures improve the separation between normal tissue and chronic pancreatitis; microRNAs are suitable analytes for molecular characterization of fine needle aspirates from pancreatic tissues.

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Apoptosis Inducing Novel microRNA for Breast cancer and Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Arutselvan Natarajan, Sally J. DeNardo, Mark A. Zern, Senthil K. Venugopal

MicroRNA provides a mechanism to target cancer stem cells and restraint tumors cells permanently; this could lead to promising cancer therapeutics and imaging agents. Apoptosis inducing microRNA was identified to target HCC and breast cancer cells for imaging and therapy.

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SOME BIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF TRITERPENOID ACIDS
S.N. Morozkina, O.I. Antimonova, E.M. Eremenko*, A.G. Shavva

Ursolic and betulinic acids acids induce the processes of apoptosis. We tested the risk of osteoporosis induction under influence of triterpenoids, since they can interact with glucocorticoid receptors. In experiments on oviriectomized rats we found that acids do not show any negative influence on percentage of mineral components in the femur and have cholesterol-lowering action under experimental conditions.

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THE OSTEOPROTECTIVE ACTION OF 6-OXA-8a-ANALOGUES OF STEROID ESTROGENS
A.G. Shavva, V.N. Belov, A.Yu. Solovyev, S.N. Morozkina

We synthesized fourteen 6-oxa-8a-estrogens analogues and investigated osteoprotective and uterotropic actions. We demonstrated correlation: every modification in structure of 6-oxa-8-analogues leading to strong (>30%) reduction of uterotropic action induces slump of osteoprotective activity. This allows to make conclusion: main biotarget, responsible for appearance of osteoprotective action is a-estrogen receptor. We found steroid estrogen analogues with cholesterol-lowering properties without u

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A genome-wide loss of function screen identifies new genes required for lung cancer cell proliferation
PINNA G, ARAUJO N, MOROZOVA N, DETREZ MA & HAREL-BELLAN A

RNA interference (RNAi) provides an experimental tool for functional genomics analysis. We screened a genome-wide RNAi library to identify new genes involved in lung cancer cell proliferation. 72 % from the 257 genes identified were involved in general gene expression processes, 16 % were of unknown function or unrelated to proliferation, and 12% consisted of uncharacterized genes. These last sets of genes provide potential novel targets for lung cancer treatment.

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Showing Results 81 - 90 of 140
Scientific News
UTSW Cancer Researchers Identify Irreversible Inhibitor for KRAS Gene Mutation
Irreversible inhibitor for KRAS gene mutation involved in lung, colon, and pancreatic cancers.
Bowel Cancer Breakthrough May Benefit Thousands of Patients
Researchers at Queen’s University have discovered how two genes cause bowel cancer cells to become resistant to treatments used against the disease.
Study Finds Low Oxygen Environment Helps Tumors Silence Critical Genes
The study led by Yale Cancer Center may provide clues to how some aggressive cancers turn off, or silence, genes critical to suppressing tumors.
Researchers Uncover New Cancer Cell Vulnerability
The research showed that telomerase-expressing cells depend upon a gene named p21 for their survival.
Self-assembling Nanoparticle Could Improve MRI Scanning for Cancer Diagnosis
Scientists have designed the nanoparticle that targets tumours, to help doctors diagnose cancer earlier.
Wisconsin Scientists Find Genetic Recipe to Turn Stem Cells to Blood
The ability to reliably and safely make in the laboratory all of the different types of cells in human blood is one key step closer to reality.
Capturing Cancer: A Powerful New Technique for Early Diagnosis
Researchers describe an innovative technique for early disease detection, which they call immunosignaturing.
Study Identifies Novel Genomic Changes in the Most Common Type of Lung Cancer
TCGA finds mutations in a key cancer-causing pathway, expanding targets for existing drugs.
Low Doses of Arsenic Cause Cancer in Male Mice
NIH researchers found that arsenic in drinking water develop lung cancer.
Brain Tumor Invasion Along Blood Vessels May Lead to New Cancer Treatments
NIH-funded researchers find brain tumor cells disrupt the brain’s protective barrier, offering potential avenues for therapy.
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