Corporate Banner
Satellite Banner
Spectroscopy
Scientific Community
 
Become a Member | Sign in
Home>News>This Article
  News
Return

New Techniques Use Lasers, LEDs, and Optics to ‘See’ Under the Skin

Published: Friday, July 19, 2013
Last Updated: Friday, July 19, 2013
Bookmark and Share
The technologies have a wide variety of medical and cosmetic applications such as treating burns, identifying cancer, and speeding the healing of wounds.

Impressive examples of new non-invasive optical techniques using lasers, light-emitting diodes (LEDs), and spectroscopic methods to probe and render images from beneath the surface of the skin are featured in a newly completed special section in the Journal of Biomedical Optics published by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics. The techniques may be used in a wide variety of medical and cosmetic applications such as treating burns, identifying cancer, or speeding the healing of wounds.

“The skin is the biggest organ of the body, and serves as its barrier to the environment,” noted Special Section Guest Editor Jürgen Lademann of the Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin. “It provides protection against water loss, keeps micro-organisms from invading the body, and responds sensitively to external stimuli. As a sensory organ, the skin is an essential means of interpersonal communication.”

Because they are easily accessible, the skin barrier and the underlying living cell layers are ideal subjects for investigation by optical and spectroscopic methods using light-based technologies that work from outside the body, Lademann said. Technologies such as fluorescence, reflectance, laser scanning microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy enable identification of tissues and fluids based on how their specific physical and chemical properties cause them to react to different wavelengths of light.

Optical imaging methods are becoming increasingly popular in the field of pharmacology, specifically for investigating the penetration of topically applied substances into and through the skin barrier. Other uses are imaging blood flow and analysis of the wound healing processes.

Ten of the special section’s 31 papers are available via open access in the SPIE Digital Library. Among the open access papers are reports on:

•         Non-contact imaging to assess pulse rate, by Yu Sun of Singapore Institute for Neurotechnology and researchers at Loughborough University and Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry
•        In vivo imaging to detect skin cancer, by Lioudmila Tchvialeva and others at Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, University of British Columbia, BC Cancer Agency, and Simon Fraser University
•        Nanoparticle drug delivery through skin, by Leshuai Zhang and Nancy Monteiro-Riviere of Kansas State University
•        Non-contact optical assessment of skin burn, by Ryosuke Tanaka and other researchers from several departments at Osaka University and from Nara Medical University and University of Tokushima
•        Non-invasive diagnosis of wound healing, by Gitanjal Deka and other researchers at National Yang-Ming University and Taipei City Hospital.


Further Information
Access to this exclusive content is for Technology Networks Premium members only.

Join Technology Networks Premium for free access to:

  • Exclusive articles
  • Presentations from international conferences
  • Over 2,400+ scientific posters on ePosters
  • More than 3,700+ scientific videos on LabTube
  • 35 community eNewsletters


Sign In



Forgotten your details? Click Here
If you are not a member you can join here

*Please note: By logging into TechnologyNetworks.com you agree to accept the use of cookies. To find out more about the cookies we use and how to delete them, see our privacy policy.


Scientific News
A Highly Sensitive Graphene Based Sensor
Researchers at EPFL and ICFO have developed a sensor made from graphene to detect molecules such as proteins and drugs.
Cannabis May Be Used to Treat Fractures
TAU researcher finds non-psychotropic compound in marijuana can help heal bone fissures.
Researchers Reveal Elusive Molecule
A long-standing chemistry puzzle has been solved, with potential implications ranging from industrial processes to atmospheric chemistry.
Optical 'Dog's Nose' Developed to Detect Cancer, Other Diseases
Researchers are using optical spectroscopy to develop a quick, non-invasive “breath test” they believe will have the potential to screen for a variety of diseases, including diabetes, infections and cancers.
Unravelling the Mysteries of Carbonic Acid
Researchers have shown how gaseous carbon dioxide molecules are solvated by water to initiate the proton transfer chemistry that produces carbonic acid and bicarbonate.
NIR Spectroscopy Produces a Handy Image of Blood Circulation
Poor blood circulation can be revealed by a novel form of near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy, say Italian medical researchers.
Combination Imaging Reveals Fuel Cell Damage
A simultaneous view of both chemical distribution and bonding states in fuel cell membranes shows how and where irreversible degradation takes place.
Shining A New Light On The Immune System
Scientists at the University of St Andrews have developed a revolutionary method of identifying cells of the immune system with “molecular fingerprints” which could pave the way for the rapid detection of conditions such as leukaemia and lymphoma from a small blood sample.
Holes in Gold Enhance Molecular Sensing
Electrochemical techniques produce tuneable porous gold films, where the empty spaces enhance light scattering and sensing signals.
Damming hemorrhagic diseases
A potential mechanism to combat diseases caused by haemorrhagic fever viruses has been discovered by researchers.
SELECTBIO

Skyscraper Banner
Go to LabTube
Go to eposters
 
Access to the latest scientific news
Exclusive articles
Upload and share your posters on ePosters
Latest presentations and webinars
View a library of 1,800+ scientific and medical posters
2,400+ scientific and medical posters
A library of 2,500+ scientific videos on LabTube
3,700+ scientific videos
Close
Premium CrownJOIN TECHNOLOGY NETWORKS PREMIUM FREE!