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Specificity and functionality of microRNA inhibitors
Barbara Robertson, Andrew Dalby, Jon Karpilow, Anastasia Khvorova, Devin Leake and Annaleen Vermeulen

Our findings indicate that features important for natural miRNA target recognition also appear to be important for inhibitor specificity. Understanding the specificity of inhibitors allows for better interpretation of inhibitor activity in endogenous systems.

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Identification of microRNA targets using microRNA modulation techniques and gene expression arrays
Emily M. Anderson, Maren Mayer, Kevin Sullivan, Barbara Robertson, Žaklina Strezoska, Annaleen Vermeulen, and Devin Leake

By examining the overlap of messages down-regulated by miRNA mimics and up-regulated by miRNA inhibitors, we robustly identify miRNA-regulated messages, many of which have canonical seed matches and some which are not identied by standard target prediction programs.

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siRNA Screening: Development of Hit Stratification Strategies
Žaklina Strezoska, Annaleen Vermeulen, Emily M. Anderson, Anja Smith, Devin Leake

This poster compares different approaches to hit stratification and validation after an initial screen. Standard siRNA reagents deconvoluted from a pooled set of four were compared to a pooled set of four specificity enhanced reagents. High confidence hits were similar. To explore the validity of low confidence hits, a chimeric approach was used whereby a gene-specific seed sequence was introduced into a non-targeting siRNA scaffold. This work resulted in new hit stratification strategies.

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The Chemical Synthesis of Long and Highly Modified RNA using 2'-ACE Chemistry
Xiaoqin Cheng, Kristina Larson, Letitia Kwok, David Mierzejewski, Shawn Begay, Randy Rauen, Kelly Grimsley, Kaizhang He, Michael Delaney, David Kitchen, Amanda Haas, Melissa Kelley, Anja van Brabant Smith

Dharmacon has previously developed a novel RNA synthesis chemistry making RNA synthesis as reliable, accessible and of comparable quality as routinely observed in DNA synthesis.

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Targeting Cancer Stem Cell-Related miRNAs for Prostate Cancer Therapy
ANSHIKA NIKITA SINGH, MEGHNA BARUAH, NEETI SHARMA

The poster focuses on the pivotal function of miRNAs in tumorigenesis by regulation of self renewal and apoptosis via cancer stem cell signalling pathways with special focus on their regulation of Epithelial to Mesenchymal transition in metastatic prostate cancer.

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Identification of microRNA targets using microRNA modulation techniques and gene expression arrays
Emily M. Anderson, Maren Mayer, Kevin Sullivan, Barbara Robertson, Žaklina Strezoska, Annaleen Vermeulen, and Devin Leake

By examining the overlap of messages down-regulated by miRNA mimics and up-regulated by miRNA inhibitors, we robustly identify miRNA-regulated messages, many of which have canonical seed matches and some which are not identied by standard target prediction programs.

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Integrating Fluorescent Carbon Nanodot Synthesis and Optical Detection of Methylmercury
Carlos Bendicho, Isabel Costas-Mora, Vanesa Romero, Isela Lavilla

In the last years, a great interest toward development of optical nanoprobes has arisen, so fluorescent nanomaterials have been implemented in analytical systems for the detection of several species. In this work, a novel assay that integrates the synthesis of fluorescent carbon dots (CDs) and sensing within one step, for the fast, sensitive and selective detection of methylmercury is presented.

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Impact of Molecular Surface Charge on Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy Biosensing
Y. Ram, T. Yoetz-Kopelman, A. Freeman and Y. Shacham-Diamand

Molecular surface charge was found to be the dominant parameter when monitoring protein binding events by Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy with a charged redox couple. A biosensing device was fabricated, and a physical model was derived to explain the results.

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Investigating the Effects of Commercial Antimicrobial Agents on Human Corneal Epithelial Cell Membranes
Ian J. Horner, Jerod J. Hurst, Nadine D. Kraut, Alyssa A. Rook, Crystal M. Collado, G Ekin-Atilla Gokcumen, and Frank V. Bright

Several commercial multi-purpose solutions (MPS) products contain polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB) and/or polyquaternium-1 (PQ-1) as antimicrobial agents. In this poster we report the effects of PHMB and PQ-1 on small unilamellar vesicles (SUV) that we have designed to mimic the average human corneal epithelial cell membrane.

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Showing Results 31 - 40 of 109
Scientific News
Low-Cost, Portable NQR Spectroscopy
A researcher at Case Western Reserve University is developing a low-cost, portable prototype designed to detect tainted medicines and food supplements that otherwise can make their way to consumers. The technology can authenticate good medicines and supplements.
Structure of Brain Plaques in Huntington's
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine have shown that the core of the protein clumps found in the brains of people with Huntington's disease have a distinctive structure, a finding that could shed light on the molecular mechanisms underlying the neurodegenerative disorder.
Insights into the Function of the Main Class of Drug Targets
About thirty percent of all medical drugs such as beta-blockers or antidepressants interact with certain types of cell surface proteins called G protein coupled receptors.
The Power of Three
Overlooked portion of cell “death receptor” critical in some cancers, autoimmune diseases.
Revealing the Secrets of 19th Century Fashion Industry
The dye industry of the 19th century was fast-moving and international, according to a state-of-the-art analysis of four purple dresses.
How Nanoparticles Damage Immune Cells
New evidence points to protein oxidation, a common means of molecular damage.
Single Molecule Detection of Contaminants, Explosives or Diseases
A technique that combines the ultrasensitivity of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) with a slippery surface invented by Penn State researchers will make it feasible to detect single molecules of a number of chemical and biological species from gaseous, liquid or solid samples.
Extracting Uranium from Seawater
An ultra-high-resolution technique used for the first time to study polymer fibers that trap uranium in seawater may cause researchers to rethink the best methods to harvest this potential fuel for nuclear reactors.
Innovation Boosts Study of Fragile Biological Samples
Researchers have found a simple new way to study very delicate biological samples – like proteins at work in photosynthesis and components of protein-making machines called ribosomes – at the atomic scale using SLAC's X-ray laser.
Clues for Battling Botulism
Scientists decipher details of deadly toxin's cloaking mechanism that could guide development of new vaccines, treatments.
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