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DETERMINATION OF ESSENTIAL AND HEAVY METALS IN KENYAN HONEY BY ATOMIC ABSORPTION AND EMMISSION SPECTROSCOPY
A. Mbiri, A. Onditi, N. Oyaro

Generally, honey samples recorded very low concentrations of As compared to the other heavy metals determined in this study. The highest concentration of As was recorded in honey sample from Nairobi with a value of 0.03±0.01 ppm. All the values recorded were within the KEBS permitted value of 0.5 ppm in food according to Kenya Bureaue of Standards, 1996.

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Prospecting For Iron and Titanium Using Termitaria
Kinachu James. G, Kiptoo Jackson. K, Onditi Anam.O.

This study demonstrated elevated levels of the two metals (that is iron and titanium) in termitaria soil compared to the surrounding soils. Termitaria are very important bioturbators and can therefore be used as preliminary step in mineral prospecting since they provide an indication of the potential of the positive anomaly, and enables a judgment on the scale of the metal accumulation

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Improved Small RNA Library Preparation Workflow for Next-Generation Sequencing
Sabrina Shore, Jordana Henderson, Anton McCaffrey, Gerald Zon, Richard Hogrefe

We describe an optimized small RNA NGS library prep workflow using chemically modified adapters which suppresses adapter dimers, allows for RNA inputs down to 1 ng and eliminates the need for a gel purification step, thus allowing full automation not previously possible.

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Combined Use of Rheometry and GPC/SEC for Characterising Ionic Polysaccharides
John Duffy, Bernd Schaefer, Bert Postma

This poster shows how Rheometry and GPC can be complementary tools for characterising the behaviour of polysaccharides in solution

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Rate and Mechanistic Investigation of Eu(OTf)2-Mediated Reduction of Graphene Oxide at Room Temperature
Tufan Ghosh, Sandeepan Maity and Edamana Prasad

Eu(OTf)2 has been introduced as an efficient reagent for the reduction of graphene oxide. Details kinetic studies have been performed which suggests that, the method is more efficient compared to that of other commonly used reduction methods.

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Electrical Fusion Machine - New electrical fusion system for x-ray fluorescence analysis
Dr. Rainer Schramm, FLUXANA GmbH & Co. KG; Prof. Marie-Louise Klotz, Hochschule Rhein-Waal, Dr. Myint Myint Sein, Hochschule Rhein-Waal

This poster describes sample preparation in x-ray fluorescence analysis using the Electrical Fusion Machine by FLUXANA.

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Fluorescent Nanoprobes Confined in a Drop as a novel Sensing Platform for Detection of Metal Species at Trace Level
Carlos Bendicho, Isabel Costas-Mora, Vanesa Romero, Isela Lavilla

In the last years, a great interest has arisen concerning the design and development of new optical probes for the sensitive and selective detection of chemical species making use of miniaturized and environmental friendly methods. In this sense, quantum dots (QDs) and metal nanoclusters (NCs) have important optical properties to be applied in analytical systems as fluorescent probes.

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Specificity of highly potent miRNA inhibitors
Barbara Robertson, Andrew Dalby, Yuriy Fedorov, Jon Karpilow, Anastasia Khvorova1, Devin Leake, Annaleen Vermeulen

miRNA inhibitors are invaluable tools for elucidating the roles of miRNAs. However, potent inhibitors may also affect other miRNAs. To understand the potential cross-reactivity of miRNA inhibitors, various miRNA inhibitor designs were systematically tested. We demonstrate that mismatches both within and outside the seed region of the miRNA interfere with inhibition. Our findings indicate that features important for natural miRNA target recognition are also important for inhibitor specificity.

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Alternative miRNA design for therapeutic RNAi applications
Anja van Brabant Smith, Barb Robertson, Annaleen Vermeulen, Christina Yamada, Angela Reynolds, Anastasia Khvorova, Devin Leake

For in vivo applications, the design of miRNA inhibitors and miRNA mimics must be optimized for stability and potency. However, stabilized miRNA mimic molecules can lose functionality compared to standard miRNA mimic molecules due, in part, to the activity of the stabilized passenger strand acting as a miRNA inhibitor. We discuss how mismatches affect the activity of the stabilized miRNA mimics, perhaps by generating a passenger strand that is less functional as an inhibitor molecule.

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Scientific News
Fast, Simple Test for Colitis
A minimally invasive screening for ulcerative colitis using emerging infrared technology could be a rapid and cost-effective method for detecting disease that eliminates the need for biopsies and intrusive testing of the human body.
Crucial Reaction for Vision Revealed
Scientists have tracked the reaction of a protein responding to light, paving the way for a new understanding of life's essential reactions.
Using Light To Examine The Lungs Of Premature Babies
New technique has potential to replace the use of X-rays to see how much air babies’ lungs contain.
Novel Spectroscopy by Using Aberrations
Flaws inherent to electron microscopy used to create probes for performing novel atomic-level spectroscopy.
Effective Identification of Low-Gliadin Wheat Lines
Researchers have demonstrated the use of NIRS to identify low-gliadin wheat lines.
Prostate Cancer Surgery Improved
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have determined that light reflectance spectroscopy can differentiate between malignant and benign prostate tissue with 85 percent accuracy, a finding that may lead to real-time tissue analysis during prostate cancer surgery.
Faster UVA Molecular Analysis Technology
There are people in the world – chemical engineers, astronomers, national defense scientists investigating an explosion – who need to know just what something is made of, down to the molecular level.
Properties of Light Can be Controlled by Nanostructures
A study led by the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country professor Ángel Rubio has simulated a new device to generate terahertz radiation using carbon nanostructures.
Infrared Spectrometer ‘Engine’ for Developers
Si-Ware Systems has launched volume production of the smallest, lowest-cost infra-red spectrometer “engine” for developers.
Breaking the Chain
Compound prevents multidrug-resistant fungi from pumping out drugs.
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