Corporate Banner
Satellite Banner
Stem Cells, Cellular Therapy & Biobanking
>
Scientific Community
 
Become a Member | Sign in
Home>News>This Article
  News
Return

Coupling Genome Defence to Epigenetic Reprogramming

Published: Thursday, September 06, 2012
Last Updated: Thursday, September 06, 2012
Bookmark and Share
The work, just published in Development, identifies genes DIRECTLY regulated by DNA methylation.

The promoters of these genes appear to possess a specialised chromatin environment that does not acquire any of the repressive H3K27me3, H3K9me2, H3K9me3 or H4K20me3 histone modifications when silenced by DNA methylation in somatic cells. Intriguingly, this methylation-dependent subset is highly enriched in genes with roles in suppressing Transposable element activity in germ cells.

DNA methylation plays an important role in gene silencing and repressing transposable elements (TEs). During primordial germ cell (PGC) development, DNA methylation marks are erased during extensive epigenetic reprogramming, so how does this demethylation impact gene expression and TE repression in PGCs? Richard Meehan and co-workers show that DNA methylation at the promoters of germline-specific genes couples genome-defence mechanisms to epigenetic reprogramming in mouse PGCs. The researchers identify a set of germline-specific genes that are dependent exclusively on promoter DNA methylation for their silencing; their promoters possess specialised chromatin in somatic cells that does not acquire additional repressive histone modifications. This set, they discover, is enriched in genes involved in suppressing TE activity in germ cells, and the expression of these genes is activated during two phases of DNA demethylation in PGCs. These findings suggest that unique reliance on promoter DNA methylation acts as a highly tuned sensor of global DNA demethylation and allows PGCs to be primed to suppress TEs.

Hackett JA, Reddington JP, Nestor CE, Dunican DS, Branco MR, Reichmann J, Reik W, Surani MA, Adams IR, Meehan RR.
Promoter DNA methylation couples genome-defence mechanisms to epigenetic reprogramming in the mouse germline.
Development. 2012 Oct;139(19):3623-32. PubMed PMID: 22949617.


Further Information

Join For Free

Access to this exclusive content is for Technology Networks Premium members only.

Join Technology Networks Premium for free access to:

  • Exclusive articles
  • Presentations from international conferences
  • Over 3,100+ scientific posters on ePosters
  • More than 4,500+ scientific videos on LabTube
  • 35 community eNewsletters


Sign In



Forgotten your details? Click Here
If you are not a member you can join here

*Please note: By logging into TechnologyNetworks.com you agree to accept the use of cookies. To find out more about the cookies we use and how to delete them, see our privacy policy.

Related Content

Unanticipated Consequences of DNA Hypomethylation; Loss and Gain of Polycomb Mediated Transcription Repression in Somatic Cells
By genome-wide mapping of the Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2)-signature histone mark, H3K27me3, in DNA methylation-deficient mouse somatic cells, the Meehan lab shows that loss of DNA methylation is coincident with widespread H3K27me3 redistribution.
Monday, April 01, 2013
Tissue of Origin Determines Cancer-associated CpG Island Promoter Hypermethylation Patterns
Meehan, Sproul and co-workers conclude that general aberrant promoter hypermethylation in cancer does not promote tumorigenesis, but instead reinforces transcription repression inherited from pre-cancerous tissue.
Friday, October 05, 2012
Non-Genotoxic Carcinogen Exposure Induces Defined Changes in the 5-Hydroxymethylome
In a genome wide study Meehan, Moggs and MARCAR co-authors examined 5mC and 5hmC profiles of liver in control and phenobarbital treated mice. They observe dynamic and reciprocal changes in the 5mC/5hmC patterns over genes promoters that are transcriptionally up-regulated.
Friday, October 05, 2012
Scientific News
A Boost for Regenerative Medicine
Growing tissues and organs in the lab for transplantation into patients could become easier after scientists discovered an effective way to produce three-dimensional networks of blood vessels, vital for tissue survival yet a current stumbling block in regenerative medicine.
Heart Defect Prediction Technology Could Lead to Earlier, More Informed Treatment
Experimental method uses genetics-guided biomechanics, patient-specific stem cells.
Immune Cells Remember Their First Meal
Scientists at the University of Bristol have identified the trigger for immune cells' inflammatory response – a discovery that may pave the way for new treatments for many human diseases.
Cancer Cells Coordinate to Form Roving Clusters
Rice University scientists identify ‘smoking gun’ in metastasis of hybrid cells.
Bio-Mimicry Method For Preparing & Labeling Stem Cells Developed
Method allows researchers to prepare mesenchymal stem cells and monitor them using MRI.
Transcription Factor Isoforms Implicated in Colon Diseases
UC Riverside study explains how distribution of two forms of a transcription factor in the colon influence risk of disease.
New Bio-Glass Could Make it Possible to Re-Grow or Replace Cartilage
Researchers at Imperial College London have developed a material that can mimic cartilage and potentially encourage it to re-grow.
Stem Cell Advance Could Be Key Step Toward Treating Deadly Blood Diseases
UCLA scientists get closer to creating blood stem cells in the lab.
Harnessing Engineered Slippery Surfaces For Tissue Repair
A new method could facilitate the transfer of intact regenerating cell sheets from the culture dish to damaged tissues in patients.
Brazilian Zika Virus Strain Causes Birth Defects in Experimental Models
First direct experimental proof of causal effect, researchers say.
SELECTBIO

SELECTBIO Market Reports
Go to LabTube
Go to eposters
 
Access to the latest scientific news
Exclusive articles
Upload and share your posters on ePosters
Latest presentations and webinars
View a library of 1,800+ scientific and medical posters
3,100+ scientific and medical posters
A library of 2,500+ scientific videos on LabTube
4,500+ scientific videos
Close
Premium CrownJOIN TECHNOLOGY NETWORKS PREMIUM FOR FREE!