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Tuesday, September 16, 2014
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Role of PPARd in satellite cells and muscle differentiation
Alison Angione and Shihuan Kuang

Investigating the result of PPARd mutation in the myogenic progenitor cells

High content imaging based mapping of stem cell phenotypes
Er Liu, Sebastian Vega, Anthony Kulesa, Jared Bushman, Hak-Joon Sung, Mattew Becker, Joachim Kohn, and Prabhas Moghe

Stem cells possess the ability of self-renewal and multi-lineage differentiation. However, conventional biological assays usually take weeks to months to identify the stem cell fates. Here we present a high content imaging based profiling platform that enables identifying stem cell phenotypes at much early time points. This platform could help monitor and even predict the long term fate of stem cells.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibodies detected by peptide microarrays
ahmed Abd El Wahed1, Ulrike Beutling2, Ronald Frank2, Gerhard Hunsmann1, and Hans-Joachim Fritz3

HBV and HIVenv chips with overlapping oligopeptides encompassing the full amino acid sequences of HBV and HIV polypeptides were produced. In addition, a chip displaying a library of random 4608 different 15-mers peptides (4608-RPL) was prepared. Both chips were used for analyzing monoclonal antibodies and sera from HIV- and HBV-infected individuals. 4608-RPL could be used for identifying target sequences of antibodies without prior knowledge of the corresponding immunizing antigen.

SuperNatural: A Database of Available Natural Compounds
Melanie Füllbeck, Mathias Dunkel and Robert Preissner

The majority of marketed drugs are natural compounds or derivatives thereof. The compounds availability is often unclear. Therefore we have compiled a database of ~50,000 natural compounds. Starting point for in silico screenings are about 2,500 well-known, classified natural compounds or imported molecules. Possible medical applications can be detected and about three million conformers computed to account for the flexibility during usage of the 3D-superposition algorithm.

Nucleic Acid Reagents and Experimental Results in the NCBI Probe Database
Svetlana Iazvovskaia, Ilene Karsch Mizrachi, Kirill Rotmistrovsky, and Savani Tatake

Five years ago, the NCBI Probe database (ProbeDB) was established to provide a centralized archive of molecular probes used in biomedical applications. Currently ProbeDB contains around 10 million probes of 65 types including gene silencing agents, in situ hybridization probes, and probes for variation analysis and genome mapping. Presently, ProbeDB is the largest and most extensive database of this type available in public domain.

Regulatory requirements in the development of advanced therapy products (cell-, gene therapy, tissue engineering products)
Marianne Groeneveld

Regulatory authorities are active to ensure a good regulatory environment for somatic cell therapy-, gene therapy- and tissue engineering products (in the EU known as ‘Advanced Therapy Medicinal Products’). Both the EMEA and the FDA have, amongst others, issued guidelines to address the specific aspects of these products

EFFICIENT LARGE SCALE EXPANSION OF HUMAN EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS: COMPARISON OF 4 DIFFERENT SOLUTIONS FOR SINGLE CELL PASSAGING

Human embryonic stem cells (hESC) are promising for tissue engineering (TE) purposes due to their unique properties. However, the current standard mechanical passaging technique is time consuming and labour intensive, thus limiting the rate of hESC expansion and possible TE experiments.

Immunomodulatory Properties of Adipose-Derived Stem Cells Cultured in Autologous Serum
Eivazova G, Berzins U, Zvaigzne A, Skrastina D, Bogdanova A, Kozlovska T, Lejnieks A

This study investigated whether adipose-derived stem cells (ADSC), cultivated in the medium containing autologous serum, maintain immunomodulatory properties of MSC. Obtained cells were CD73, CD90 and CD105 positive but CD34 and CD45 negative. ADSC underwent in vitro differentiation into adipocytes, osteoblasts and chondroblasts. Immunomodulatory properties of ADSC were investigated by blast transformation reaction and significant suppression of T lymphocyte proliferation was induced in a dose d

Development of cell culture system on the basis of adult stem cells for modeling of HBV infection
Zajakina A, Berzins U, Bogdanova A, Kozlovska T

Efforts to elucidate the mechanisms by which HBV infects hepatocytes and causes liver damage have been hampered by the strict virus host range and a lack of suitable cell culture and animal models of HBV infection/replication. The present study has established and elucidated a novel HBV infection/replication in vitro model system based on adipose-derived stem cells differentiated into human hepatocyte-like cell line.

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Showing Results 21 - 30 of 69
Scientific News
Scientists Discover Neurochemical Imbalance in Schizophrenia
Researchers discovers that neurons from schizophrenia patients secrete higher amounts of three neurotransmitters.
Building Replacement Kidneys in the Lab
Milestone reached in work to build replacement kidneys in the lab.
Diabetes Researchers Find Faster Way to Create Insulin-producing Cells
A new protocol can turn stem cells into reliable, insulin-producing cells in about six weeks.
Wiping the Slate Clean
Erasing cellular memory and resetting human stem cells.
Combining Antibodies, Iron Nanoparticles and Magnets Steers Stem Cells to Injured Organs
Study published in nature communications details targeted nanomedicine therapy to regenerate heart muscle injured by heart attack.
Turning Human Skin Cells Into Immune-Fighting White Blood Cells
The fast and safe technique developed at the Salk Institute circumvents problems that have hindered regenerative medicine.
Clinical Trial to Test Safety of Stem Cell-Derived Therapy for Type 1 Diabetes
UC San Diego is initial site for first-in-human testing of implanted cell therapy.
In Directing Stem Cells, Context Matters
The surface cells are grown on has a profound effect on differentiation.
Banked Blood Grows Stiffer With Age
It may look like fresh blood and flow like fresh blood, but the longer blood is stored, the less it can carry oxygen into the tiny microcapillaries of the body.
Rare Stem Cells in Testis that Hold Potential for Infertility Treatments Identified
Rare stem cells in testis that produce a biomarker protein called PAX7 help give rise to new sperm cells — and may hold a key to restoring fertility, research by scientists at UT Southwestern Medical Center suggests.
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