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Tuesday, July 29, 2014
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High content imaging based mapping of stem cell phenotypes
Er Liu, Sebastian Vega, Anthony Kulesa, Jared Bushman, Hak-Joon Sung, Mattew Becker, Joachim Kohn, and Prabhas Moghe

Stem cells possess the ability of self-renewal and multi-lineage differentiation. However, conventional biological assays usually take weeks to months to identify the stem cell fates. Here we present a high content imaging based profiling platform that enables identifying stem cell phenotypes at much early time points. This platform could help monitor and even predict the long term fate of stem cells.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibodies detected by peptide microarrays
ahmed Abd El Wahed1, Ulrike Beutling2, Ronald Frank2, Gerhard Hunsmann1, and Hans-Joachim Fritz3

HBV and HIVenv chips with overlapping oligopeptides encompassing the full amino acid sequences of HBV and HIV polypeptides were produced. In addition, a chip displaying a library of random 4608 different 15-mers peptides (4608-RPL) was prepared. Both chips were used for analyzing monoclonal antibodies and sera from HIV- and HBV-infected individuals. 4608-RPL could be used for identifying target sequences of antibodies without prior knowledge of the corresponding immunizing antigen.

SuperNatural: A Database of Available Natural Compounds
Melanie Füllbeck, Mathias Dunkel and Robert Preissner

The majority of marketed drugs are natural compounds or derivatives thereof. The compounds availability is often unclear. Therefore we have compiled a database of ~50,000 natural compounds. Starting point for in silico screenings are about 2,500 well-known, classified natural compounds or imported molecules. Possible medical applications can be detected and about three million conformers computed to account for the flexibility during usage of the 3D-superposition algorithm.

Nucleic Acid Reagents and Experimental Results in the NCBI Probe Database
Svetlana Iazvovskaia, Ilene Karsch Mizrachi, Kirill Rotmistrovsky, and Savani Tatake

Five years ago, the NCBI Probe database (ProbeDB) was established to provide a centralized archive of molecular probes used in biomedical applications. Currently ProbeDB contains around 10 million probes of 65 types including gene silencing agents, in situ hybridization probes, and probes for variation analysis and genome mapping. Presently, ProbeDB is the largest and most extensive database of this type available in public domain.

Regulatory requirements in the development of advanced therapy products (cell-, gene therapy, tissue engineering products)
Marianne Groeneveld

Regulatory authorities are active to ensure a good regulatory environment for somatic cell therapy-, gene therapy- and tissue engineering products (in the EU known as ‘Advanced Therapy Medicinal Products’). Both the EMEA and the FDA have, amongst others, issued guidelines to address the specific aspects of these products

EFFICIENT LARGE SCALE EXPANSION OF HUMAN EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS: COMPARISON OF 4 DIFFERENT SOLUTIONS FOR SINGLE CELL PASSAGING

Human embryonic stem cells (hESC) are promising for tissue engineering (TE) purposes due to their unique properties. However, the current standard mechanical passaging technique is time consuming and labour intensive, thus limiting the rate of hESC expansion and possible TE experiments.

Immunomodulatory Properties of Adipose-Derived Stem Cells Cultured in Autologous Serum
Eivazova G, Berzins U, Zvaigzne A, Skrastina D, Bogdanova A, Kozlovska T, Lejnieks A

This study investigated whether adipose-derived stem cells (ADSC), cultivated in the medium containing autologous serum, maintain immunomodulatory properties of MSC. Obtained cells were CD73, CD90 and CD105 positive but CD34 and CD45 negative. ADSC underwent in vitro differentiation into adipocytes, osteoblasts and chondroblasts. Immunomodulatory properties of ADSC were investigated by blast transformation reaction and significant suppression of T lymphocyte proliferation was induced in a dose d

Development of cell culture system on the basis of adult stem cells for modeling of HBV infection
Zajakina A, Berzins U, Bogdanova A, Kozlovska T

Efforts to elucidate the mechanisms by which HBV infects hepatocytes and causes liver damage have been hampered by the strict virus host range and a lack of suitable cell culture and animal models of HBV infection/replication. The present study has established and elucidated a novel HBV infection/replication in vitro model system based on adipose-derived stem cells differentiated into human hepatocyte-like cell line.

FOXP3 Gene Expression in Multiple Sclerosis patients before and after Mesenchymal Stem Cell therapy
Maryam Mohajeri, Mandana Mohyeddin Bonab, Behrooz Nikbin, Ali Farazmand

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disorder of the CNS. No successful treatment for MS, but one therapeutic strategy in research is the use of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). We studied a group of MS patients who underwented MSCs, assayed for expression of a transcription factor, FOXP3, as a specific marker of MS amelioration in peripheral blood. qRT-PCR on PBMCs showed higher FoxP3 levels.

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Showing Results 21 - 30 of 68
Scientific News
Wisconsin Scientists Find Genetic Recipe to Turn Stem Cells to Blood
The ability to reliably and safely make in the laboratory all of the different types of cells in human blood is one key step closer to reality.
No Extra Mutations in Modified Stem Cells, Study Finds
New results ease previous concerns that gene-editing techniques-used to develop therapies for genetic diseases-could add unwanted mutations to stem cells.
Patient-Specific Stem Cells and Personalized Gene Therapy
Patients’ own cells transformed into model for studying disease and developing potential treatment.
Researchers Regrow Human Corneas
Limbal stem cells - identified with a new marker - could reverse a leading cause of blindness.
New Reprogramming Method Makes Better Stem Cells
Researchers have shown for the first time that stem cells created using different methods produce differing cells.
Scientists Identify Link Between Stem Cell Regulation and the Development of Lung Cancer
Study explains how factors that regulate the growth of adult stem cells lead to the formation of precancerous lesions.
CRI Finds Key to Identifying, Enriching Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Biomarker enables researchers to accurately characterize the properties and function of MSCs in the body.
Researchers Find Gene Critical for Development of Brain Motor Centre
The team describes the Snf2h gene, which is found in our brain's neural stem cells and functions as a master regulator.
Stem Cells Form Light-Sensitive 3-D Retinal Tissue
Researchers induced human stem cells to create a 3-D retina structure that responds to light. The finding may aid the study of eye diseases and could eventually lead to new therapies.
Genetic Pathway for Chronic Kidney Disease Revealed
Findings from the study open the door to early treatment for millions at risk for CKD.
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