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Tuesday, September 16, 2014
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Rapid PCR for Integration in Sample-to-answer Analysis Platforms
S. Brunklaus, T.E. Hansen-Hagge, J. Erwes, J. Höth, M. Jung, D. Latta, X. Strobach, C. Winkler, T. Röser, M. Ritzi-Lehnert, K.S. Drese

This poster describes how molecular testing at the point-of-care can increase time to results and yield rather specific information, concentrating on PCR on a chip layout which proves to be fast and robust.

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Identification of novel autoantigensin patients with liver autoimmune diseases by Protein MicroArray
C. Zingaretti1, M. Arigò1, A. Cardaci1, A. Sinisi1, L. Muratori3, P. Colombatto4, F. Bonino2, P. Invernizzi5, , A.L. Zignego6 MC. Crosti1, M. Moro1, J. Geginat1, Pagani M.1, R. De Francesco1, S. Abrignani1. & M. Bombaci1

The characterization of autoimmune disease-specific biomarkers are of primary importance for the development of diagnostic tools and the comprehension of pathogenetic mechanisms leading to autoimmunity. To this aim a protein microarray was employed to analyze serum samples from patients with autoimmune hepatitis (e.g. AIH & PBC) and of healthy as controls. A panel of autoantigens able to discriminate among the groups of patients was identified for potential use as biomarkers.

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MicroRNA expression in normal and malignant prostate tissues
Jessica Carlsson

In this study the aim was to identify a miRNA expression signature that could be used to separate between normal and malignant prostate tissues. Nine miRNAs were found to be differentially expressed and they could be used to separate between the normal and malignant tissues. A cross-validation procedure confirmed the generality of this expression signature, showing an accuracy of 85%.

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Point-of-Care Diagnostics for Sexually Transmitted Infections
Pascal Craw, Wamadeva Balachandran

This poster introduces the recently enlarged DoCLab research group at Brunel University, London. This large multidisciplinary group brings together electronic, mechanical and computer engineers with molecular biologists, biochemists and clinical collaborators to develop fully integrated, multiplex Point-Of-Care-Tests (POCT) for the self- diagnosis of infectious diseases.

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Optical Microchip Sensors for Multiplexed Detection of Biological Pathogens
D. Bhatta, A. Michel, M. Marti Villalba, G. D. Emmerson, I. J. G Sparrow, M. B. McDonnell, E. A. Perkins , R. W. Ely and G. A. Cartwright

SpectroSens, a multi-channel optical microchip sensor system suitable for rapid, label-free multiplexed detection of a wide range of bio-hazardous agents is presented. Optical chips containing multiple high-precision planar Bragg gratings are exploited as low-cost, robust refractive index sensors.

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SuNS microarray as novel biosensor for clinical diagnostics.
Pisanelli B., Dattilo D., Chetta M., Carducci F., De Ceglia G.

We here present an innovative microarray platform which aims to produce an higher standard of clinical microarray technology. The fabrication approach, involving a novel printing technology (Supramolecular Nano-Stamping) to reduce the production costs of the chips, together with a peculiar probe design, aiming to improve the assay sensitivity and workflow, intend to make the SuNS microarrays well poised to become an important element in the clinical diagnostics market.

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Bi-functional Magnetic Microcarriers for Point-of-Care Diagnostics
J.J. Palfreyman, D.M. Love, A.J. Philpott, K. Vyas, T. Mitrelias, C.H.W. Barnes

A novel type of microcarrier is presented, where a re-writable magnetic barcode is used to carry information. This technology has several advantages over the optical-based alternatives, whilst benefiting from the high-throughput of a microfluidic tool. Here, we present two different surface chemistries used to attach a probe and a control strand of DNA to an individual microcarrier. This is demonstrated with red and green fluorophores, clearly seen on either side.

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Chemically Modified Primers for Improved Multiplex PCR
Elena Hidalgo Ashrafi, Tony Le, Alexandre Lebedev, Richard Hogrefe, Victor Timoshchuk, Sabrina Shore, Inna Koukhareva and Natasha Paul

Multiplex PCR is an advantageous technique used in PCR applications to amplify multiple targets in a single reaction. As useful as it is, this technique presents a new set of challenges that further complicates PCR setup. For example, reactions are more prone to off-target amplifications such as mis-priming and primer dimer due to the increased number of primer pairs.

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Proteomic non-small cell lung carcinoma biomarker screening in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid
Tonio Oumeraci 1, Bernd Schmidt 3, Thomas Wolf 1,4, Marc Zapatka 4, Andreas Pich 2, Benedikt Brors 4, Roland Eils 4,5, Brigitte Schlegelberger 1, Nils von Neuhoff 1

Using a standardized method to acquire MALDI-TOF proteome profile spectra of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), we have shown the upregulation of histatin 3 and calgranulin C in a small pilot cohort of NSCLC patients. This pilot study serves to demonstrate that it is feasible to screen a larger NSCLC patient cohort for BALF proteome level biomarkers in a clinical setting.

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Showing Results 11 - 20 of 51
Scientific News
Study Aims to Develop Breath Test for COPD
A new clinical iniative, lead by NYU Langone Medical Center, aims to determine a breath test’s effectiveness to identify volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in human breath that are biomarkers of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
More People Testing Positive for Chikungunya Virus in the U.S.
Clinical testing volume and positivity rate both grew after the first case of the infectious disease spread to Western Hemisphere this year.
Clinical Utility of Myriad myPath(TM) Melanoma Test Demonstrated
Test reduced indeterminate cases by 76 percent and changed treatment in 35 percent of cases.
Sequencing Identifies Gene Variant Responsible for Lupus
Research demonstrates it is feasible to identify the individual causes of lupus in patients by using DNA sequencing, allowing doctors to target specific treatments to individual patients.
Array Technology Could Screen for Emerging Viral Diseases
A microbe detection array technology could provide a new rapid method for public health authorities to conduct surveillance for emerging viral diseases.
Self-assembling Nanoparticle Could Improve MRI Scanning for Cancer Diagnosis
Scientists have designed the nanoparticle that targets tumours, to help doctors diagnose cancer earlier.
Researchers Invent Nanotech Microchip to Diagnose Type-1 Diabetes
The cheap, portable, microchip-based test could speed up diagnosis and enable studies of how the disease develops.
Significant Step Towards Blood Test for Alzheimer's
Scientists have identified a set of 10 proteins in the blood which can predict the onset of Alzheimer’s, marking a significant step towards developing a blood test for the disease.
Mass Spec Predicts Improved Response to Anti-HER2 Therapy in Breast Cancer
Immunohistochemistry is the standard technique for detecting HER2 protein expression, it does not provide absolute quantification of this receptor and is prone to false-positives.
New App Helps Patients Ensure Best Outcome from Surgery
MySurgery - New and innovative approach to reducing risk in surgery.
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