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Evaluation of microfluidic digital PCR for the detection of cancer biomarkers
Rebecca Sanders, Claire Bushell, Carole Foy, Daniel J. Scott

dPCR is achieved by sample partitioning prior to PCR amplification such that each reaction chamber contains one copy or less of target DNA. This dilution becomes the limiting factor and an accurate target molecule count is achievable. This study evaluates dPCR’s quantitative capabilities and investigates parameters influencing copy number quantification, using the Fluidigm Biomark instrument. Biomark technology combines dPCR theory with a microfluidics platform.

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Software for Genomic/Epigenomic Research
A.S.Tanas, V.V.Shkarupo, E.B.Kuznetsova, D.V.Zaletayev, V.V. Strelnikov

We present two computer programs: 1) AIMS in silico - a suggestion tool for Amplification of Intermethylated Sites experimental design and results analysis; and 2) PeakPick – a tool to view & analyse capillary electrophoregrams Our computer software is intended to standardize AIMS applications and to turn it into one of the principal approaches towards cancer methylomes studies as well as towards diagnostics in oncology, including early screening.

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HIV POC testing by ssDNA coupled with NALF
Natasha Gous, Lesley E. Scott, Alexio Capovilla, Natela Rekhviasvili, Wendy Stevens

A isothermal amplification termed Reverse Transcription Loop Dependant Amplification (RT-LDA) was developed with an affordable nucleic acid lateral flow detection (NALF) system, as one component of a potential POC HIV-1 RNA assay for subtypeC. RT-LDA makes use of a primer design that efficiently converts viral RNA into ssDNA amplicons, in 1 hour at 53ºC. Due to the single stranded nature of the product, the amplicon could be detected using NALF.

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Treatment of Plaque Infections and Periodontitis using Stem Cells- A New Prospect
Manoj Hariharan , Naveen Raj

Dental precursor cells are attractive for novel approaches to treat diseases like periodontitis, dental caries or to improve dental pulp healing and the regeneration of craniofacial bone and teeth. These cells are easily accessible and, in contrast to bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells, are more closely related to dental tissues. This paper gives a short overview of stem cells of dental origin.

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Evaluation of a Novel Approach for the Measurement of RNA Quality
Timothy Wilkes; Alison Devonshire; Carole Foy

The potential medical applications of microarrays have generated much interest, within the biomedical community. Numerous potential sources of variation have raised concerns regarding assay consistency and data quality. Previous studies have highlighted RNA integrity as having a major effect on data quality. We describe here a comparison of the performance characteristics of the Agilent (Bioanalyser) and Lab901 (Screen Tape System) platforms, and their capacity to determine sample RNA integrity.

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Evaluation of a Novel Approach for the Measurement of RNA Quality
Timothy Wilkes; Alison Devonshire; Carole Foy

The potential medical applications of microarrays have generated much interest, within the biomedical community. Numerous potential sources of variation have raised concerns regarding assay consistency and data quality. Previous studies have highlighted RNA integrity as having a major effect on data quality. We describe here a comparison of the performance characteristics of the Agilent (Bioanalyser) and Lab901 (Screen Tape System) platforms, and their capacity to determine sample RNA integrity.

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Microfluidic PCR device for diagnostic pathogen detection
Johannes R. Peham, Hannes Steiner, Walter Grienauer, Rudolf Heer, Michael J. Vellekoop, Christa Nöhammer, Herbert Wiesinger

In this work a microfluidic cyclic flow PCR device is presented, which is capable of replicating the bacterial genomic DNA sequence of the 16S ribosomal RNA. The standard laboratory processing time of 3 h could be decreased to 60 min with the microfluidic reactor without loosing PCR efficiency. Integrating an optical fluorescence detector for dsDNA measurement would evolve this device into a micro total analysis system.

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Point-of-care testing for prostate cancer diagnosis
Y. Uludag; I.E. Tothill

This presentation describes the potential of using a new fully automated QCM biosensor and a commercial SPR biosensor for the detection of PSA, a biomarker for prostate cancer. Initially a new buffer was formulated to eliminate 98% of the non-specific human serum protein binding to the sensors. Obtained results indicate that both instruments can be used for the fast and easy detection of PSA (0.29-150 ng/ml) in serum.

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Treatment of Plaque Infections and Periodontitis using Stem Cells- A New Prospect
Manoj Hariharan , Naveen Raj

Dental precursor cells are attractive for novel approaches to treat diseases like periodontitis, dental caries or to improve dental pulp healing and the regeneration of craniofacial bone and teeth. These cells are easily accessible and, in contrast to bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells, are more closely related to dental tissues. This paper gives a short overview of stem cells of dental origin.

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Scientific News
NIH Launches Tool to Advance Down Syndrome Research
Web portal will help approved professionals to plan clinical studies.
New Blood Test For Aggressive Bone Cancer
Researchers at the University of East Anglia are developing a simple blood test to diagnose bone cancer thanks to funding from the Big C.
Novel Approach to Visualize & Measure Protein Complexes in Tumors
Moffitt Cancer Center researchers have developed a PLA to analyze biological processes occurring within tumors.
Prognostic Test for E2F4 in Breast Cancer Developed
A gene signature in E2F4 has been identified which is predictive of estrogen receptor positive breast cancer.
Blood Test For Prostate Cancer
Vanderbilt team demonstrates that prostate cancer can accurately be detected by liquid biopsy.
Reducing Risk of Miscarriage in Prenatal Testing for Genetic Diseases
Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial to improving patient prognosis for 22q11 deletion syndrome and Wilson’s disease, two potentially life-threatening genetic conditions.
Predicting Sepsis
Altered white-blood-cell motion in burn patients may warn of infection.
Measuring Brain Volume can Help People with Multiple Sclerosis
icometrix has developed software for measuring the brain and brain lesion volume.
Metal Test Could Help Diagnose Breast Cancer Early
It may be possible to develop a simple blood test that, by detecting changes in the zinc in our bodies, could help to diagnose breast cancer early.
Gene Associated with an Aggressive Breast Cancer Identified
Over-expressed gene in triple negative breast cancer offers new diagnostics for risk assessment.
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