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Treatment of Plaque Infections and Periodontitis using Stem Cells- A New Prospect
Manoj Hariharan , Naveen Raj

Dental precursor cells are attractive for novel approaches to treat diseases like periodontitis, dental caries or to improve dental pulp healing and the regeneration of craniofacial bone and teeth. These cells are easily accessible and, in contrast to bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells, are more closely related to dental tissues. This paper gives a short overview of stem cells of dental origin.

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Evaluation of a Novel Approach for the Measurement of RNA Quality
Timothy Wilkes; Alison Devonshire; Carole Foy

The potential medical applications of microarrays have generated much interest, within the biomedical community. Numerous potential sources of variation have raised concerns regarding assay consistency and data quality. Previous studies have highlighted RNA integrity as having a major effect on data quality. We describe here a comparison of the performance characteristics of the Agilent (Bioanalyser) and Lab901 (Screen Tape System) platforms, and their capacity to determine sample RNA integrity.

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Evaluation of a Novel Approach for the Measurement of RNA Quality
Timothy Wilkes; Alison Devonshire; Carole Foy

The potential medical applications of microarrays have generated much interest, within the biomedical community. Numerous potential sources of variation have raised concerns regarding assay consistency and data quality. Previous studies have highlighted RNA integrity as having a major effect on data quality. We describe here a comparison of the performance characteristics of the Agilent (Bioanalyser) and Lab901 (Screen Tape System) platforms, and their capacity to determine sample RNA integrity.

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Microfluidic PCR device for diagnostic pathogen detection
Johannes R. Peham, Hannes Steiner, Walter Grienauer, Rudolf Heer, Michael J. Vellekoop, Christa Nöhammer, Herbert Wiesinger

In this work a microfluidic cyclic flow PCR device is presented, which is capable of replicating the bacterial genomic DNA sequence of the 16S ribosomal RNA. The standard laboratory processing time of 3 h could be decreased to 60 min with the microfluidic reactor without loosing PCR efficiency. Integrating an optical fluorescence detector for dsDNA measurement would evolve this device into a micro total analysis system.

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Point-of-care testing for prostate cancer diagnosis
Y. Uludag; I.E. Tothill

This presentation describes the potential of using a new fully automated QCM biosensor and a commercial SPR biosensor for the detection of PSA, a biomarker for prostate cancer. Initially a new buffer was formulated to eliminate 98% of the non-specific human serum protein binding to the sensors. Obtained results indicate that both instruments can be used for the fast and easy detection of PSA (0.29-150 ng/ml) in serum.

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Treatment of Plaque Infections and Periodontitis using Stem Cells- A New Prospect
Manoj Hariharan , Naveen Raj

Dental precursor cells are attractive for novel approaches to treat diseases like periodontitis, dental caries or to improve dental pulp healing and the regeneration of craniofacial bone and teeth. These cells are easily accessible and, in contrast to bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells, are more closely related to dental tissues. This paper gives a short overview of stem cells of dental origin.

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miRNAs in Treating Cardiomyopathy
Veenu Aishwarya

The study aims to design antigomirs against miRNAs involved in Cardiomyopathy. Potential miRNAs involved in the down regulation of certain important genes during this disorder have been identified. All reported miRNAs were scanned using an algorithm against these genes. At three step protocol was followed to take care of false positives and false negatives. Further, HL-1 cells (cardiomyocytes) are been transfected by anti-miRNAs for confirmation.

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Diagnostic Significance of microRNA Tumor Biomarkers in Fine Needle Aspirates (FNA) of Pancreatic Cancer
Martina Doleshal 1, Anna E. Szafranska 1, Hayward S. Edmunds 2, Gregory J. Tsongalis 2, Murray Korc 2 and Emmanuel Labourier 1

Collection of pancreatic fine needle aspirates (FNAs) in RNARetain™ allows stabilization and protection of RNA in tissues containing high levels of nucleases; Differential miRNA expression in pancreatic FNAs accurately classifies benign and malignant tissue; Combinations of miRNA and mRNA expression signatures improve the separation between normal tissue and chronic pancreatitis; microRNAs are suitable analytes for molecular characterization of fine needle aspirates from pancreatic tissues.

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A high-throughput protein array-based approach
Rachel Van Dyk, Claudia Kirisits, Paul Potter, Fook Tim Chew, Reinhard Hiller

Here we present a novel discovery-oriented high-throughput approach to the screening of allergen reactivates in crude biological extracts is presented using seafood allergens as an example. The CPGR workflow permits the effective screening of hundreds of putative allergens in parallel using minute amounts of patient serum and constitutes a cost-efficient allergen-specific antibody screening method for a routine diagnostic setting.

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Scientific News
Blood Test Developed to Diagnose Early Onset Alzheimer’s Disease
New blood-test could predict a person’s risk of developing AD much earlier than is currently possible.
Genome Sequenced of Enterovirus D68
Virus has spread rapidly causing severe respiratory illness in young children, with some patients requiring hospitalization.
Rapid Test To Diagnose Severe Sepsis
A test could help doctors diagnose sepsis and begin treatment earlier.
IDT Shares Tips for Optimizing Target Capture
The article discusses improved target capture methods for increasing reliability of next generation sequencing data.
CDC Develops a New, Faster Lab Test for Enterovirus D68
Confirmed cases will appear to rise as agency accelerates specimen testing.
New 'Lab-on-a-Chip' Could Revolutionize Early Diagnosis of Cancer
Faster result times, reduced costs, minimal sample demands and better sensitivity of analysis.
NanoString, Brigham and Women’s Hospital Collaborate
Research collaboration to accelerate translation of genomic discoveries into clinical diagnostics in oncology.
Biologists Find An Early Sign Of Cancer
Patients show boost in certain amino acids years before diagnosis of pancreatic cancer.
New DNA Sequencing Method to Diagnose Tuberculosis
Teams aim to test the metagenomics technique on a wide range of samples.
Inivata Raises £4m to Realize the Potential of ctDNA Analysis
New spin-out from Cancer Research UK launched with funding from Imperial Innovations, Cambridge Innovation Capital and Johnson & Johnson Development Corporation.
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