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Microfluidic PCR device for diagnostic pathogen detection
Johannes R. Peham, Hannes Steiner, Walter Grienauer, Rudolf Heer, Michael J. Vellekoop, Christa Nöhammer, Herbert Wiesinger

In this work a microfluidic cyclic flow PCR device is presented, which is capable of replicating the bacterial genomic DNA sequence of the 16S ribosomal RNA. The standard laboratory processing time of 3 h could be decreased to 60 min with the microfluidic reactor without loosing PCR efficiency. Integrating an optical fluorescence detector for dsDNA measurement would evolve this device into a micro total analysis system.

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Point-of-care testing for prostate cancer diagnosis
Y. Uludag; I.E. Tothill

This presentation describes the potential of using a new fully automated QCM biosensor and a commercial SPR biosensor for the detection of PSA, a biomarker for prostate cancer. Initially a new buffer was formulated to eliminate 98% of the non-specific human serum protein binding to the sensors. Obtained results indicate that both instruments can be used for the fast and easy detection of PSA (0.29-150 ng/ml) in serum.

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Treatment of Plaque Infections and Periodontitis using Stem Cells- A New Prospect
Manoj Hariharan , Naveen Raj

Dental precursor cells are attractive for novel approaches to treat diseases like periodontitis, dental caries or to improve dental pulp healing and the regeneration of craniofacial bone and teeth. These cells are easily accessible and, in contrast to bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells, are more closely related to dental tissues. This paper gives a short overview of stem cells of dental origin.

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miRNAs in Treating Cardiomyopathy
Veenu Aishwarya

The study aims to design antigomirs against miRNAs involved in Cardiomyopathy. Potential miRNAs involved in the down regulation of certain important genes during this disorder have been identified. All reported miRNAs were scanned using an algorithm against these genes. At three step protocol was followed to take care of false positives and false negatives. Further, HL-1 cells (cardiomyocytes) are been transfected by anti-miRNAs for confirmation.

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Diagnostic Significance of microRNA Tumor Biomarkers in Fine Needle Aspirates (FNA) of Pancreatic Cancer
Martina Doleshal 1, Anna E. Szafranska 1, Hayward S. Edmunds 2, Gregory J. Tsongalis 2, Murray Korc 2 and Emmanuel Labourier 1

Collection of pancreatic fine needle aspirates (FNAs) in RNARetain™ allows stabilization and protection of RNA in tissues containing high levels of nucleases; Differential miRNA expression in pancreatic FNAs accurately classifies benign and malignant tissue; Combinations of miRNA and mRNA expression signatures improve the separation between normal tissue and chronic pancreatitis; microRNAs are suitable analytes for molecular characterization of fine needle aspirates from pancreatic tissues.

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A high-throughput protein array-based approach
Rachel Van Dyk, Claudia Kirisits, Paul Potter, Fook Tim Chew, Reinhard Hiller

Here we present a novel discovery-oriented high-throughput approach to the screening of allergen reactivates in crude biological extracts is presented using seafood allergens as an example. The CPGR workflow permits the effective screening of hundreds of putative allergens in parallel using minute amounts of patient serum and constitutes a cost-efficient allergen-specific antibody screening method for a routine diagnostic setting.

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Accuwik® Ultra Membrane for the Direct Collection, Storage, and Efficient Rapid Release of Biological Samples for Clinical Diagnostics
Galina Fomovska, Stephane Perreault, Richmond Lo, and Martin A. Smith

Poster data assesses use of Pall’s Accuwik Ultra membrane as a reliable tool for direct collection of clinical samples including saliva and plasma, enables stability during sample storage, and allows for rapid and efficient release of clinically relevant protein biomarkers suitable for diagnostic analyses.

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Expression of stress response protein GRP78 is associated with the development of castration-resistant prostate cancer
Llana Pootrakul, Anirban P. Mitra, Ram H. Datar, Shan-Rong Shi, Jie Cai, Debra Hawes, Susan G. Groshen, Amy S. Lee, Richard J. Cote

This study investigated the role of the GRP78 in prostate cancer progression and the development of castration-resistant prostate cancer, where cancer cells continue to survive despite the stress of an androgen-starved environment.

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Application of genetic programming in analysis of quantitative gene expression profiles for identification of nodal status in bladder cancer
Anirban P. Mitra, Arpit A. Almal, Ben George, David W. Fry, Peter F. Lenehan, Vincenzo Pagliarulo, Richard J. Cote, Ram H. Datar, William P. Worzel

Nodal involvement in bladder cancer is an independent indicator of prognosis. This study employed an iterative machine learning process called genetic programming on quantitative expression values of 70 genes to classify primary urothelial carcinoma samples into those associated with or without nodal metastasis. The generated rules showed a strong predilection for ICAM1, MAP2K6 and KDR resulting in gene expression motifs that cumulatively suggested a pattern ICAM1>MAP2K6>KDR for node positive ca

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Scientific News
Single-Cell, 42-plexed Protein Analysis Achieved with a New Microchip Technology
A novel microdevice capable of detecting 42 unique immune effector proteins has been developed.
Ground-Breaking Lung Cancer Breath Test In Clinical Trial
University of Leicester and Leicester’s Hospitals to evaluate revolutionary device which detects lung cancer in early stages.
Saliva Test to Diagnose Autism
A spit test may one day be able to diagnose autism according to researchers at Clarkson University and the State University of New York at Plattsburgh.
Paper Test for Ebola
Prototype is designed to detect diseases and deliver real-time epidemiological data.
New €25 Blood Test A Breakthrough In The Diagnosis Of Bowel Cancer
New blood test will spot bowel cancer at earliest stage, removing the need for ‘unpleasant’ faecal screens.
New Biomarkers To Spot Pancreatic Cancer Early
A combination of two biomarkers can identify pre-clinical pancreatic cancer.
NIH Launches Tool to Advance Down Syndrome Research
Web portal will help approved professionals to plan clinical studies.
New Blood Test For Aggressive Bone Cancer
Researchers at the University of East Anglia are developing a simple blood test to diagnose bone cancer thanks to funding from the Big C.
Novel Approach to Visualize & Measure Protein Complexes in Tumors
Moffitt Cancer Center researchers have developed a PLA to analyze biological processes occurring within tumors.
Prognostic Test for E2F4 in Breast Cancer Developed
A gene signature in E2F4 has been identified which is predictive of estrogen receptor positive breast cancer.
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