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SuNS microarray as novel biosensor for clinical diagnostics.
Pisanelli B., Dattilo D., Chetta M., Carducci F., De Ceglia G.

We here present an innovative microarray platform which aims to produce an higher standard of clinical microarray technology. The fabrication approach, involving a novel printing technology (Supramolecular Nano-Stamping) to reduce the production costs of the chips, together with a peculiar probe design, aiming to improve the assay sensitivity and workflow, intend to make the SuNS microarrays well poised to become an important element in the clinical diagnostics market.

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Bi-functional Magnetic Microcarriers for Point-of-Care Diagnostics
J.J. Palfreyman, D.M. Love, A.J. Philpott, K. Vyas, T. Mitrelias, C.H.W. Barnes

A novel type of microcarrier is presented, where a re-writable magnetic barcode is used to carry information. This technology has several advantages over the optical-based alternatives, whilst benefiting from the high-throughput of a microfluidic tool. Here, we present two different surface chemistries used to attach a probe and a control strand of DNA to an individual microcarrier. This is demonstrated with red and green fluorophores, clearly seen on either side.

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Chemically Modified Primers for Improved Multiplex PCR
Elena Hidalgo Ashrafi, Tony Le, Alexandre Lebedev, Richard Hogrefe, Victor Timoshchuk, Sabrina Shore, Inna Koukhareva and Natasha Paul

Multiplex PCR is an advantageous technique used in PCR applications to amplify multiple targets in a single reaction. As useful as it is, this technique presents a new set of challenges that further complicates PCR setup. For example, reactions are more prone to off-target amplifications such as mis-priming and primer dimer due to the increased number of primer pairs.

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Proteomic non-small cell lung carcinoma biomarker screening in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid
Tonio Oumeraci 1, Bernd Schmidt 3, Thomas Wolf 1,4, Marc Zapatka 4, Andreas Pich 2, Benedikt Brors 4, Roland Eils 4,5, Brigitte Schlegelberger 1, Nils von Neuhoff 1

Using a standardized method to acquire MALDI-TOF proteome profile spectra of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), we have shown the upregulation of histatin 3 and calgranulin C in a small pilot cohort of NSCLC patients. This pilot study serves to demonstrate that it is feasible to screen a larger NSCLC patient cohort for BALF proteome level biomarkers in a clinical setting.

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Chemically Modified Primers for Improved Multiplexed PCR
Elena Hidalgo Ashrafi, Tony Le, Alexandre Lebedev, Richard Hogrefe, Victor Timoshchuk, Sabrina Shore, Inna Koukhareva and Natasha Paul

Multiplex PCR is an advantageous technique used in PCR applications to amplify multiple targets in a single reaction. As useful as it is, this technique presents a new set of challenges that further complicates PCR setup. For example, reactions are more prone to off-target amplifications such as mis-priming and primer dimer due to the increased number of primer pairs. Furthermore, preferential amplification of certain targets leads to an unequal distribution of amplicon products, making quantifi

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Hot Start dNTPs - A Novel Tool for Controlled Nucleotide Incorporation in PCR
Tony Le, Elena Hidalgo Ashrafi, Sabrina Shore, Victor Timoshchuk, Natasha Paul, Richard Hogrefe, Inna Koukhareva, Alexandre Lebedev

PCR is a widely used scientific tool employed by a variety of applications. Various Hot Start technologies have already been developed using modified PCR components to increase specificity of a reaction. Recently developed CleanAmpTM dNTPs are modified nucleoside triphosphates with a thermolabile 3’-tetrahydrofuranyl protecting group that is released at higher temperatures. These modified dNTPs prevent low temperature primer extension, which can often be a significant problem in PCR. At higher t

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Evaluation of microfluidic digital PCR for the detection of cancer biomarkers
Rebecca Sanders, Claire Bushell, Carole Foy, Daniel J. Scott

dPCR is achieved by sample partitioning prior to PCR amplification such that each reaction chamber contains one copy or less of target DNA. This dilution becomes the limiting factor and an accurate target molecule count is achievable. This study evaluates dPCR’s quantitative capabilities and investigates parameters influencing copy number quantification, using the Fluidigm Biomark instrument. Biomark technology combines dPCR theory with a microfluidics platform.

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Software for Genomic/Epigenomic Research
A.S.Tanas, V.V.Shkarupo, E.B.Kuznetsova, D.V.Zaletayev, V.V. Strelnikov

We present two computer programs: 1) AIMS in silico - a suggestion tool for Amplification of Intermethylated Sites experimental design and results analysis; and 2) PeakPick – a tool to view & analyse capillary electrophoregrams Our computer software is intended to standardize AIMS applications and to turn it into one of the principal approaches towards cancer methylomes studies as well as towards diagnostics in oncology, including early screening.

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HIV POC testing by ssDNA coupled with NALF
Natasha Gous, Lesley E. Scott, Alexio Capovilla, Natela Rekhviasvili, Wendy Stevens

A isothermal amplification termed Reverse Transcription Loop Dependant Amplification (RT-LDA) was developed with an affordable nucleic acid lateral flow detection (NALF) system, as one component of a potential POC HIV-1 RNA assay for subtypeC. RT-LDA makes use of a primer design that efficiently converts viral RNA into ssDNA amplicons, in 1 hour at 53ºC. Due to the single stranded nature of the product, the amplicon could be detected using NALF.

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Scientific News
Imaging Immunity
Noninvasive imaging of immune system detects tumors, could monitor therapeutic response.
DNA Abnormalities Found in Children with Chronic Kidney Disease
Routine genetic screening of children with CKD could lead to earlier, more precise diagnoses.
New Technology For Early Detection Of Stomach Cancer
The innovative method identifies persons at risk for developing stomach cancer and for detecting tumors at an earlier stage.
Potential For Prediction Of Progression For Early Form Of Breast Cancer
Scientists in Manchester have identified a way to potentially predict which patients with an early form of breast cancer will experience disease progression.
Tumor-Only Genetic Sequencing May Misguide Cancer Treatment in Nearly Half of All Patients
Johns Hopkins scientists say the genetic code of tumors must be compared to patients’ noncancer genome to get a true picture.
Tumor DNA in Blood Reveals Lymphoma Progression
Using an advanced genetic test, researchers were able to detect diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in blood serum before it could be seen on CT scans.
Breath Test For Detecting Head And Neck Cancer
A portable device can detect the presence of certain types of cancer in people's breath.
Likely Genetic Source Of Muscle Weakness Found
Simple genetic test by TGen reveals likely causes of disease, after other extensive testing failed; one child’s case produces discovery.
$1 Test Outperforms PSA Screening for Prostate Cancer
Dr. Qun "Treen" Huo of UCF's NanoScience Technology Center has developed a prostate cancer test using gold nanoparticles. Pilot studies found it to be more accurate than the standard PSA test.
Using Sound Waves To Detect Rare Cancer Cells
Acoustic device can rapidly isolate circulating tumor cells from patient blood samples.
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