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Wednesday, September 17, 2014
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EuroGentest: Reference Materials for Genetic Testing
David E Barton, David Gancberg, Philippe Corbisier, Sarah Berwouts, Elisabeth Dequeker and Christine Brady

The lack of reference materials (RMs) for most genetic tests causes difficulties in validating and developing new assays, and results in tests being run without proper quality controls. EuroGentest and the EU-funded network for Medical Genetics, is addressing this issue by defining the present and future needs for RMs, setting priorities for and supporting the development of new RMs and building an enduring network involving all stakeholders in RM development.

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Preliminary Report: The Geriatric Propamed Study: Prospective pharmacopgenetics in geriatrics
Dr LS Griffith, Dr L Chialda and Dr A Pahl

In a worldwide first proscpective phamacogenetic study preliminary results show reduction of adverse drug reactions and hospitilisation stays for geriatric patients after pharmacogenetic testing and medication interaction analysis to fit the medicine to the patient.

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Development of a Lab-on-a-Chip for the Characterization of Human Cells
Richter, L., Stepper, C., Mak, A., Brückl, H. and Ertl, P.

Cell chips are developed to continuously monitor mammalian cell population dynamics in a non-invasive manner. In the presented work we describe the design, fabrication and characterization of a lab-on-a-chip for quantitative cell analysis.

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Label-free Identification of Microorganisms using a Contact-less Dielectric Microsensor
Ertl, P., Richter, L., Reinthaler, A., Stepper, C., Mak, A., Kast, M., Heer, R. and Brückl, H.

Microfabricated biochips are developed to continuously monitor cell population dynamics in a non-invasive manner. In the presented work we describe the novel combination of contact-less dielectric microsensors and microfluidics to promote biofilm formation for quantitative cell analysis.

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DNA Methylation Analysis – Reliable Cell Characterization in Regenerative Medicine
Uli Hoffmueller, Stephen Rapko, Udo Baron, Georg Wieczorek, Alexander Hellwag, Cornelia Krüger, Stefan Kärst, Leslie Wolfe and Sven Olek

We demonstrate that DNA methylation patterns can serve as characteristic markers to distinguish different cell types. We have identified panels of methylation markers that are specific to mesenchymal stem cells or various differentiated cell types in the mesenchymal lineage. This method of cell type identification has a number of advantages over conventional markers in that it is robust, is both qualitative and quantitative.

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EM Algorithm for Gene Copy Number Estimation Using TaqMan® Assays
Catalin Barbacioru, Kelly Li, Caifu Chen and Raymond Samaha

Recently, TaqMan® assays have been developed for detection of genetic variation at gene level using primers and probes designed for genomic DNA sequences. The R package TaqGCN contains classes and methods that can be used for data reading and plotting, and for predicting gene copy number.

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EasyBeacons™ - new Probes Ideal for Realtime PCR Detection of Methylation Status of Single CpG Duplets and SNPs
K. Skadhauge, C. Nielsen & U.B. Christensen

The EasyBeacons™ presented here are based on the novel technology Intercalating Nucleic Acid, INA®, linked to a fluorophore and a quencher. INA® is composed of normal DNA nucleotides and Intercalating Pseudo Nucleotides (IPNs). The fact that the EasyBeacons™ are mostly composed of normal DNA nucleotides means that in many respects EasyBeacons™ behave like DNA based probes, allowing use of standard buffers, primers and enzymes and hence reduces the optimisation efforts.

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Real-time PCR in Diagnostics of Plant Viruses
Mehle N., Boben J. and Ravnikar M.

Sensitive and specific method real-time PCR was developed for diagnostics of certain plant viruses. Real-time PCR can be used for determination of different viruses as well as for differentiation between related strains of viruses. The method can also be used for detection of low concentrations of plant viruses in various samples such as environmental waters, growth substrates and seeds.

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Real-Time Multiplex Rt-PCR on Circulating Tumor Cells
Anieta M. Sieuwerts, Stefan Sleijfer, Jaco Kraan, Joan Bolt-de Vries, Jan-Willem Gratama, John WM Martens and John A. Foekens

Using the CTC kit (CellSearch™), cells that attached to anti-EpCAM Moab were immunomagnetically separated and used for analysis of a selected pilot set of 32 genes by real time RT-PCR. This study shows the feasibility of multiple gene expression analysis on RNA isolated from only one tumor cell. Most importantly, expression analysis of several tumor-specific genes in blood samples containing only 2 tumor cells is already possible.

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Showing Results 41 - 50 of 51
Scientific News
Study Aims to Develop Breath Test for COPD
A new clinical iniative, lead by NYU Langone Medical Center, aims to determine a breath test’s effectiveness to identify volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in human breath that are biomarkers of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
More People Testing Positive for Chikungunya Virus in the U.S.
Clinical testing volume and positivity rate both grew after the first case of the infectious disease spread to Western Hemisphere this year.
Clinical Utility of Myriad myPath(TM) Melanoma Test Demonstrated
Test reduced indeterminate cases by 76 percent and changed treatment in 35 percent of cases.
Sequencing Identifies Gene Variant Responsible for Lupus
Research demonstrates it is feasible to identify the individual causes of lupus in patients by using DNA sequencing, allowing doctors to target specific treatments to individual patients.
Array Technology Could Screen for Emerging Viral Diseases
A microbe detection array technology could provide a new rapid method for public health authorities to conduct surveillance for emerging viral diseases.
Self-assembling Nanoparticle Could Improve MRI Scanning for Cancer Diagnosis
Scientists have designed the nanoparticle that targets tumours, to help doctors diagnose cancer earlier.
Researchers Invent Nanotech Microchip to Diagnose Type-1 Diabetes
The cheap, portable, microchip-based test could speed up diagnosis and enable studies of how the disease develops.
Significant Step Towards Blood Test for Alzheimer's
Scientists have identified a set of 10 proteins in the blood which can predict the onset of Alzheimer’s, marking a significant step towards developing a blood test for the disease.
Mass Spec Predicts Improved Response to Anti-HER2 Therapy in Breast Cancer
Immunohistochemistry is the standard technique for detecting HER2 protein expression, it does not provide absolute quantification of this receptor and is prone to false-positives.
New App Helps Patients Ensure Best Outcome from Surgery
MySurgery - New and innovative approach to reducing risk in surgery.
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