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PRESEPSIN, A SOLUBLE CD14-SUBTYPE, A POSSIBLE NEW BIOMARKER INCREASES IN SEPTIC PATIENTS’ PLASMA FROM PEDIATRIC DEPARTMENT.
Hayato YAMAGUCHI1), Satoshi KIMURA1), Seiji FUKUOKA1), Emiko NAKAMA1), Hideyasu OTO2), Makoto INOUE2), Takashi SOGA2), Shigetaka KITAZAWA2), Yoh UMEDA2)

Increased plasma concentration of soluble CD14-subtype (presepsin) was observed in pediatric patients with bacteremia. Presepsin could be a possible biomarker of sepsis in pediatric patients, however, their reference interval in children could be lower than that of adults. More studies with larger number of samples are required to confirm the result.

A Novel Approach Toward Microfluidic Drug Metabolite Synthesis – Electrosynthetic Methodology Simulating Cytochrome (CYP450) Oxidation
Romain Stalder, Gregory P. Roth and Philip Podmore

A novel microfluidic technology and electrochemical synthesis method is demonstrated for the efficient generation of known drug metabolites. These metabolites are typically generated on first pass hepatic oxidation in vivo. The FLUX Module, a new microfluidic electrochemical cell manufactured by Syrris Ltd., has been employed to generate the metabolites of five commercial drugs: Tolbutamide, Chlorpromazine, Diclofenac, Primidone and Albendazole.

A complete workflow from sample preparation to analysis using SureSelect target enrichment system for Ion Proton semiconductor sequencing
Christian Le Cocq, Kyeong Soo Jeong, Arjun Vadapalli, Joseph Ong, Elin Agne, Filip Karlsson, Ashutosh Ashutosh, Francisco Useche, Jayati Ghosh, Henrik Johansson, Scott Happe, Douglas Roberts, and Holly Hogrefe

Agilent’s SureSelect Target Enrichment for the Ion Proton Platform provides a comprehensive, efficient, robust, and cost-effective means to sequence subsets of the human genome.

Characterization of the prehaustorial resistance against leaf rust (Puccinia triticina f. sp. tritici) in Einkorn (Triticum monococcum) by massive analysis of cDNA ends (MACE)
Albrecht Serfling1,2, Sven Templer1,3, Dragan Perovic1, Frank Ordon1

Triticum monococcum, a valuable source for horizontal resistance against P. triticina was analyzed microscopically and by transcriptional profiling. MACE showed the increased expression of chitinases, kinases, peroxidases and pathogenesis related genes in the first 8 hai. The high number of differentially expressd tags and the knowledge about SNPs facilitates in silico mapping and the development of polymorphic markers which may accelerate the transfer of this prehaustorial resistance

Genetic progress in the Romanian triticale breeding program
Ittu Gheorghe*, Saulescu Nicolae, Ittu Mariana, Mustatea Pompiliu and Marinciu Cristina

Since 1984 yield raised up to 43 kg / ha¹ and year¹ or 0.74 % /year¹ this progress being achieved mainly by improving fertility of spikes, plumpness of kernel, the test weight and introduction of short straw RhtB1b (Rht1) and Ddw1 (Hl) genes. In order to improve the yield stability, under predictions of global climatic changes, improvement of genetic diversity to powdery mildew, leaf and yellow rusts, virus and spike diseases and also for pre-harvest sprouting are still demanded.

Genotyping-by-Sequencing of a set of diverse spring barley (Hordeum vulgare) accessions
Tina Lüders (1), Jens Keilwagen (2), Neele Wendler (3), Axel Himmelbach (3), Rajiv Sharma (3), Benjamin Kilian (3,4), Nils Stein (3), Frank Ordon (1)

The poster presents a Genotyping-by-Sequencing (GBS) approach to saturate a set of diverse spring barley accessions with a high density of SNP markers.

Genotyping-by-Sequencing of a set of diverse spring barley (Hordeum vulgare) accessions
Tina Lüders (1), Jens Keilwagen (2), Neele Wendler (3), Axel Himmelbach (3), Rajiv Sharma (3), Benjamin Kilian (3,4), Nils Stein (3), Frank Ordon (1)

The poster presents a Genotyping-by-Sequencing (GBS) approach to saturate a set of diverse spring barley accessions with a high density of SNP markers.

A non-destructive method to assess changes in the biomass of small-grain cereals under field conditions
D. Villegas1, J. Lozano2 and C. Royo1

The poster describes a non-destructive method to assess biomass based on remote sensing techniques. This method is suitable for field phenotyping and it is useful to assess biomass evolution as well as to estimate radiation use efficiency.

Genetic integrity of rice seeds during ageing and gene bank storage by SSR analysis
I. O. Daniel, K. A. Adeboye, O. W. Adabale, E. S. Aladele and A. Boerner

Rice seeds loose germination capacity with ageing. Loses in genetic integrity was found to occur during artificial ageing at a time when percentage germination declined to 54%.

Characterization of nitrogen use efficiency in a winter wheat collection
István Monostori, Tamás Árendás, Fruzsina Szira, Gábor Galiba, Borbála Hoffmann, Attila Vágújfalvi

The first-year dataset of the three year experiment has been analysed. To find out, which genotype is recommended for intensive and which one is for extensive cultivation, the performances of the varieties were characterized under low and also under favourable nitrogen supply. The varieties were also ranked based on the increased level of their performance due to the nitrogen supply. Correlations between the measured phenotypic data and the NUE parameters were also calculated.

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Showing Results 1 - 10 of 225
Scientific News
Repressing the Repressors May Drive Tissue-Specific Cancers
Stowers scientists establish Drosophila and mammalian models to study mutations found in pediatric brain tumors.
Genetic Basis for Rabbit Domestication Revealed
Research presents key findings in the DNA make-up of the common mammal’s brain and nervous system, which determines how wild rabbits were genetically transformed to domestic rabbits.
Fighting Prostate Cancer with a Tomato-Rich Diet
New research suggests that men who eat over 10 portions of tomatoes a week have an 18% lower risk of developing prostate cancer.
Scientists Looking Across Human, Fly and Worm Genomes Find Shared Biology
Studies reveal powerful commonalities in biological activity and regulation among species.
Cancer-Fighting Drugs Might Also Stop Malaria Early
A number of compounds have been identified which could be used to fight malaria.
Evolutionary History of Honeybees Revealed by Genomics
Researchers found that glaciation and historic climate change has significantly impacted honeybee populations.
NIH Announces the Launch of 3 Integrated Precision Medicine Trials
ALCHEMIST is for patients with certain types of early-stage lung cancer.
Cancer Leaves a Common Fingerprint on DNA
Chemical alterations to genes appear key to tumor development.
Researchers Obtain Key Insights into How the Internal Body Clock is Tuned
New way to regulate internal body clocks by long non-coding RNA.
Novel Gene Predicts Both Breast Cancer Relapse and Response to Chemotherapy
A predictive marker discovered by scientists at A*STAR and NUS could help doctors classify breast cancer patients for more effective treatment.
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