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Mutation Induction in Sucrose Synthase 1 to Study Cold Acclimation in Winter Wheat
Rita Armoniene, Gintaras Brazauskas

Sucrose synthase (Ss) catalyzes the reversible conversion of sucrose and a nucleoside diphosphate into the corresponding nucleoside diphosphate-glucose and fructose being one of the main enzymes of carbohydrate metabolism. The objectives of this study were: to create a TILLING population in winter wheat; to identify new alleles of Ss1 gene; to compare relative expression of Ss1 in leaves and crowns of mutant versus wild type plants during cold acclimation.

Characterization of the prehaustorial resistance against leaf rust (Puccinia triticina f. sp. tritici) in Einkorn (Triticum monococcum) by massive analysis of cDNA ends (MACE)
Albrecht Serfling1,2, Sven Templer1,3, Dragan Perovic1, Frank Ordon1

Triticum monococcum, a valuable source for horizontal resistance against P. triticina was analyzed microscopically and by transcriptional profiling. MACE showed the increased expression of chitinases, kinases, peroxidases and pathogenesis related genes in the first 8 hai. The high number of differentially expressd tags and the knowledge about SNPs facilitates in silico mapping and the development of polymorphic markers which may accelerate the transfer of this prehaustorial resistance

Genetic progress in the Romanian triticale breeding program
Ittu Gheorghe*, Saulescu Nicolae, Ittu Mariana, Mustatea Pompiliu and Marinciu Cristina

Since 1984 yield raised up to 43 kg / ha¹ and year¹ or 0.74 % /year¹ this progress being achieved mainly by improving fertility of spikes, plumpness of kernel, the test weight and introduction of short straw RhtB1b (Rht1) and Ddw1 (Hl) genes. In order to improve the yield stability, under predictions of global climatic changes, improvement of genetic diversity to powdery mildew, leaf and yellow rusts, virus and spike diseases and also for pre-harvest sprouting are still demanded.

Genotyping-by-Sequencing of a set of diverse spring barley (Hordeum vulgare) accessions
Tina Lüders (1), Jens Keilwagen (2), Neele Wendler (3), Axel Himmelbach (3), Rajiv Sharma (3), Benjamin Kilian (3,4), Nils Stein (3), Frank Ordon (1)

The poster presents a Genotyping-by-Sequencing (GBS) approach to saturate a set of diverse spring barley accessions with a high density of SNP markers.

Genotyping-by-Sequencing of a set of diverse spring barley (Hordeum vulgare) accessions
Tina Lüders (1), Jens Keilwagen (2), Neele Wendler (3), Axel Himmelbach (3), Rajiv Sharma (3), Benjamin Kilian (3,4), Nils Stein (3), Frank Ordon (1)

The poster presents a Genotyping-by-Sequencing (GBS) approach to saturate a set of diverse spring barley accessions with a high density of SNP markers.

A non-destructive method to assess changes in the biomass of small-grain cereals under field conditions
D. Villegas1, J. Lozano2 and C. Royo1

The poster describes a non-destructive method to assess biomass based on remote sensing techniques. This method is suitable for field phenotyping and it is useful to assess biomass evolution as well as to estimate radiation use efficiency.

Characterization of nitrogen use efficiency in a winter wheat collection
István Monostori, Tamás Árendás, Fruzsina Szira, Gábor Galiba, Borbála Hoffmann, Attila Vágújfalvi

The first-year dataset of the three year experiment has been analysed. To find out, which genotype is recommended for intensive and which one is for extensive cultivation, the performances of the varieties were characterized under low and also under favourable nitrogen supply. The varieties were also ranked based on the increased level of their performance due to the nitrogen supply. Correlations between the measured phenotypic data and the NUE parameters were also calculated.

Genetic integrity of rice seeds during ageing and gene bank storage by SSR analysis
I. O. Daniel, K. A. Adeboye, O. W. Adabale, E. S. Aladele and A. Boerner

Rice seeds loose germination capacity with ageing. Loses in genetic integrity was found to occur during artificial ageing at a time when percentage germination declined to 54%.

Population structure and location of genes for resistance to Mycosphaerella graminicola: Recent advances in Argentina
María Rosa Simón1, Cristina A. Cordo2, Nadia S. Castillo3, Elena Khlestkina 4, Paul C. Struik5 and Andreas Börner6

A review about the status of the knowledge on septoria leaf blotch with emphasis in investigations carried out in Argentina is presented

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After a Sip of Milkshake, Genes and Brain Activity Predict Weight Gain
The new study published in The Journal Neuroscience.
Mice With a Major Genetic Cause of ALS and FTD Created
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How Early Childhood Vaccination Reduces Leukemia Risk
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New Device May Shed Light on Why Cancer Cells Metastasize
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Could GM Lettuce Fight Cancer?
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Giant Panda Microbiome Poorly Adapted for a Bamboo Diet
Researchers have found that the microbiome of the Giant Panda lacks key bacterial species typically found in herbivores.
Untangling the Web of Gene Expression
New technology for understanding gene expression drives research forward.
Smoking Signs
Research reveals epigenetic alterations caused by smoking.
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