Corporate Banner
Satellite Banner
Technology
Networks
Scientific Communities
 
Become a Member | Sign in
Home>News>This Article
  News
Return

Drug for Multiple Myeloma Demonstrated to Extend Disease-Free Survival

Published: Thursday, December 24, 2009
Last Updated: Thursday, December 24, 2009
Bookmark and Share
Patients receiving lenalidomide following a blood stem cell transplant had their cancer kept in check longer than placebo receiving patients.

Initial results from a large, randomized clinical trial for patients with multiple myeloma, a cancer of the blood and bone marrow, showed that patients who received the oral drug lenalidomide (Revlimid, also known as CC-5013) following a blood stem cell transplant had their cancer kept in check longer than patients who received a placebo.

The clinical trial, for patients ages 18 to 70, was sponsored by the National Cancer Institute (NCI), and conducted by a network of researchers led by the Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) in collaboration with the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) and the Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network (BMT CTN). The BMT CTN is co-sponsored by NCI and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, both parts of the National Institutes of Health.

The independent data and safety monitoring committee overseeing the trial (known as CALGB-100104) found that the study demonstrated a longer time before the cancer progressed following autologous blood stem cell transplantation for those patients on the study drug than those on placebo and so the trial was stopped early.

Autologous blood stem cell transplantation is a procedure in which a patient's own blood stem cells are removed, the patient is then treated with high doses of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy to kill the cancer, after which the blood stem cells are returned to the patient. It is a common procedure for patients with multiple myeloma.

A total of 568 patients with multiple myeloma, who had received no more than 12 months of prior therapy and no prior transplant, were enrolled between December 2004 and July 2009. All patients received autologous transplantation following a high dose of a drug called melphalan, which is commonly used to treat multiple myeloma.

Ultimately, 460 patients who had adequate organ function and no evidence of progressive disease, were randomized between 90 and 100 days after transplant to receive lenalidomide or placebo. Patients began lenalidomide or placebo between day 100 to 110 and continued until they had evidence of progressive disease.

Among the patients who received placebo, half had their myeloma progress (worsen) within an estimated 778 days.  In contrast, for those patients taking lenalidomide, a median time to progression cannot be defined because fewer than half the patients had worsening of their myeloma. This represents a 58 percent reduction in the risk of disease progression for the group taking lenalidomide. This difference in time to progression was highly statistically significant.

This is the first randomized phase 3 trial (the final and most comprehensive aspect of a three-phase clinical trials process) to demonstrate a clinical benefit of lenalidomide following transplant for multiple myeloma. However, the trial has not yet shown evidence of an overall survival benefit.

The types of side effects observed in this trial were similar to those observed in other clinical trials with lenalidomide. Detailed results from this trial will be presented at a future scientific meeting, NCI informs.


Further Information
Access to this exclusive content is for Technology Networks Premium members only.

Join Technology Networks Premium for free access to:

  • Exclusive articles
  • Presentations from international conferences
  • Over 2,400+ scientific posters on ePosters
  • More Than 3,700+ scientific videos on LabTube
  • 35 community eNewsletters


Sign In



Forgotten your details? Click Here
If you are not a member you can join here

*Please note: By logging into TechnologyNetworks.com you agree to accept the use of cookies. To find out more about the cookies we use and how to delete them, see our privacy policy.

Related Content

Near-Atomic Resolution of Protein Structure Holds Promise for Drug Discovery
A new study shows that it is possible to use an imaging technique called cryo-electron microscopy to view the architecture of a metabolic enzyme bound to a drug that blocks its activity.
Friday, May 08, 2015
National Cancer Institute Awards Two Lung Cancer CTC Development Contracts to Cynvenio Biosystems, Inc.
Company also announces additional equity investment of $2.0 million.
Tuesday, February 07, 2012
2011 Biospecimen Research Network (BRN) Symposium
The National Cancer Institute's (NCI) Biospecimen Research Network Symposium, "Advancing Cancer Research Through Biospecimen Science," will be held March 28-29, 2011, at the Bethesda North Marriott Hotel & Conference Center in Bethesda, MD
Friday, January 07, 2011
NCI Announces Plans to Reinvigorate Clinical Trials
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) has announced major changes to be made in the long-established Clinical Trials Cooperative Group Program that conducts many of the nationwide trials of new cancer therapies.
Friday, December 24, 2010
National Cancer Institute Awards Nearly $4M to University of new Mexico Cancer Center
The awards support cancer nanotechnology partnership with Sandia Labs.
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Scientists Identify Markers on Human Breast Cancer Cells Linked to Development of a Form of Breast Cancer
The scientists named these human cells with tumor-forming ability in mice, xenograft-initiating cells, or XIC.
Friday, May 21, 2010
Expression of Proteins Linked to Poor Outcome in Women with Ovarian Cancer
The study led by NCI scientists may provide targets for the development of novel therapies for ovarian cancer.
Wednesday, April 21, 2010
Antibodies Against Abnormal Glycoproteins Identified as Possible Biomarkers for Cancer Detection
Scientists have found that cancer patients produce antibodies that target abnormal glycoproteins made by their tumors.
Thursday, February 04, 2010
The Cancer Genome Atlas Identifies Distinct Subtypes of Deadly Brain Cancer
According to study the most common form of malignant brain cancer in adults appears to be four distinct molecular subtypes.
Thursday, January 21, 2010
Diet May Protect Against Gene Changes in Smokers
A new study finds that leafy green vegetables, folate, and multivitamins could serve as protective factors against lung cancer in smokers.
Thursday, January 14, 2010
Gene Mutations Reveal Potential new Targets for Treating a Type of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Findings provide insight into a mechanism that cancer cells may use to survive.
Tuesday, January 12, 2010
Gene Mutations Reveal Potential new Targets for Treating a Type of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Findings provide insight into a mechanism that cancer cells may use to survive.
Friday, January 08, 2010
Gene's Position in the Nucleus Can be Used to Distinguish Cancerous from Normal Breast Tissue
Researchers have identified several genes whose spatial position inside the cell nucleus is altered in invasive breast cancer.
Wednesday, December 09, 2009
Centralized Review Process Markedly Expedites Approval of Cancer Clinical Trials
CIRB for cancer clinical trials, which was created by the National Cancer Institute, expedites the time from concept to completion of crucial investigational research.
Thursday, November 05, 2009
Duplicated Gene May Explain Rare Cancer in Some Families
NCI researchers have now identified a genetic change that may lead to chordoma, a type of bone cancer, in four of the families.
Monday, October 26, 2009
Scientific News
RNAi Screening Trends
Understand current trends and learn which application areas are expected to gain in popularity over the next few years.
New Weapon in the Fight Against Blood Cancer
This strategy, which uses patients’ own immune cells, genetically engineered to target tumors, has shown significant success against multiple myeloma, a cancer of the plasma cells that is largely incurable.
TOPLESS Plants Provide Clues to Human Molecular Interactions
Scientists at Van Andel Research Institute have revealed an important molecular mechanism in plants that has significant similarities to certain signaling mechanisms in humans, which are closely linked to early embryonic development and to diseases such as cancer.
Toxin from Salmonid Fish has Potential to Treat Cancer
Researchers from the University of Freiburg decode molecular mechanism of fish pathogen.
Study Finds Non-Genetic Cancer Mechanism
Cancer can be caused solely by protein imbalances within cells, a study of ovarian cancer has found.
Scientists Create CRISPR/Cas9 Knock-In Mutations in Human T Cells
In a project spearheaded by investigators at UC San Francisco, scientists have devised a new strategy to precisely modify human T cells using the genome-editing system known as CRISPR/Cas9.
Researchers Find U.S. Breast Milk is Glyphosate Free
Washington State University scientists have found that glyphosate, the main ingredient in the herbicide Roundup, does not accumulate in mother’s breast milk.
Peering into the Vapors
Research suggests that e-cigarettes are much less harmful than previous studies have indicated.
New Technique for Mining Health-conferring Soy Compounds
A new procedure devised by U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists to extract lunasin from soybean seeds could expedite further studies of this peptide for its cancer-fighting potential and other health benefits.
Long-sought Discovery Fills in Missing Details of Cell 'Switchboard'
A biomedical breakthrough reveals never-before-seen details of the human body’s cellular switchboard that regulates sensory and hormonal responses.
Scroll Up
Scroll Down
Skyscraper Banner

Skyscraper Banner
Go to LabTube
Go to eposters
 
Access to the latest scientific news
Exclusive articles
Upload and share your posters on ePosters
Latest presentations and webinars
View a library of 1,800+ scientific and medical posters
2,400+ scientific and medical posters
A library of 2,500+ scientific videos on LabTube
3,700+ scientific videos
Close
Premium CrownJOIN TECHNOLOGY NETWORKS PREMIUM FREE!