Satellite Banner
Technology
Networks
Scientific Communities
 
Become a Member | Sign in
Home>News>This Article
  News
Return

Gene Therapy Restores Sense of Smell in Mice

Published: Tuesday, October 02, 2012
Last Updated: Tuesday, October 02, 2012
Bookmark and Share
Mice that were unable to smell from birth gained the ability to smell when researchers used gene therapy to regrow structures called cilia on cells that detect odor.

The approach might one day lead to treatments for related human genetic disorders.

Cilia are antenna-like projections on cells that help them sense their environment. Genetic disorders of the cilia, known as ciliopathies, include diseases as diverse as polycystic kidney disease and retinitis pigmentosa—an inherited, degenerative eye disease that causes severe vision impairment and blindness. In the olfactory system, multiple cilia project from olfactory sensory neurons, cells high up in the nasal cavity. These cilia have receptors on their surfaces that bind odorants. A loss of these cilia results in a loss of the ability to smell, which is called anosmia.

A team of researchers, led by Drs. Jeremy C. McIntyre and Jeffrey R. Martens at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, has been studying mice carrying a mutation in the IFT88 gene. The mutation causes a decrease in the IFT88 protein, which leads to a dramatic reduction in cilia function in several different organ systems, including the olfactory system. To see if the gene might play a role in human disease, the scientists examined the IFT88 genes of over 200 people with severe ciliopathies. Their work was funded by 4 NIH components, led by the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communications Disorders (NIDCD).

As reported online on September 2, 2012, in Nature Medicine, the scientists detected IFT88 mutations in several people with severe ciliopathies. Experiments in zebrafish, a common laboratory model for development, confirmed that mutant IFT88 genes can cause developmental defects.

The researchers next used a harmless virus to introduce a healthy copy of IFT88 into the mice with the mutant version. For 3 consecutive days, the mice received intranasal doses of the virus. They were then given 10 days for infected sensory neurons to express the IFT88 protein. After this period, the mice were tested with an odorant called amyl acetate. The researchers found that the mice had regained olfactory function.

In many mammals, including humans, the urge to eat is driven by smell. The mice the scientists studied are born underweight, and their anosmia interferes with their motivation to eat. The body weight of mice treated with the gene therapy was 60% higher than that of untreated mice, showing that restored olfactory function motivated feeding.

This study shows that gene therapy can be used to restore functional cilia in established cells. “These results could lead to one of the first therapeutic options for treating people with congenital anosmia,” says NIDCD Director Dr. James F. Battey, Jr. “They also set the stage for therapeutic approaches to treating diseases that involve cilia dysfunction in other organ systems, many of which can be fatal if left untreated.”


Further Information

Join For Free

Access to this exclusive content is for Technology Networks Premium members only.

Join Technology Networks Premium for free access to:

  • Exclusive articles
  • Presentations from international conferences
  • Over 4,000+ scientific posters on ePosters
  • More Than 5,300+ scientific videos on LabTube
  • 35 community eNewsletters


Sign In



Forgotten your details? Click Here
If you are not a member you can join here

*Please note: By logging into TechnologyNetworks.com you agree to accept the use of cookies. To find out more about the cookies we use and how to delete them, see our privacy policy.

Related Content

Novel Genetic Mutation May Lead to the Progressive Loss of Motor Function
Researchers at NIH have identified the genetic cause and a possible therapeutic target for a rare form of pediatric progressive neuropathy.
Thursday, August 04, 2016
Newly Launched Genomic Data Commons To Facilitate Data And Clinical Information Sharing
The GDC will centralize, standardize and make accessible data from NCI programs such as The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and its pediatric equivalent, to Generate Effective Treatments.
Tuesday, June 07, 2016
Marijuana use Disorder is Common and often Untreated
Researchers at NIH have found that the marijuana use disorder linked to substance use/mental disorders and disability.
Saturday, March 05, 2016
Peanut Allergy Prevention Strategy
Researchers at NIH have suggested that the early peanut consumption will offer lasting protection.
Saturday, March 05, 2016
NIH Seeks Research Applications to Study Zika in Pregnancy, Developing Fetus
Institute has announced that the new effort seeks to understand virus effect on reproduction and child development.
Friday, February 12, 2016
Criminal Justice Alcohol Program Linked to Decreased Mortality
Institute has announced that in the criminal justice alcohol program deaths dropped by 4.2 percent over six years.
Thursday, February 11, 2016
More Then 1 in 20 U.S. Children have Dizziness and Balance Problems
Researchers at NIH have found that girls have a higher prevalence of dizziness and balance problems compared to boys, 5.7 percent and 5.0 percent.
Wednesday, February 10, 2016
NIH Researchers Identify Striking Genomic Signature for Cancer
Institute has identified striking signature shared by five types of cancer.
Tuesday, February 09, 2016
Natural Protein Points to New Inflammation Treatment
Findings may offer insight to effective treatments for inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, and multiple sclerosis.
Friday, February 05, 2016
Genetic Cause of Rare Allergy
Institute has identified a genetic mutation responsible for a rare form of inherited hives induced by vibratory urticaria.
Friday, February 05, 2016
Test Reliably Detects Inherited Immune Deficiency in Newborns
NIH-supported study suggests that early diagnosis of severe combined immunodeficiency leads to high survival rates.
Wednesday, August 20, 2014
Drug Combination May be Highly Effective in Recurrent Ovarian Cancer
The drugs were tested in a phase I combination study followed by a randomized phase 2 trial.
Monday, June 02, 2014
TCGA Bladder Cancer Study Reveals Potential Drug Targets, Similarities to Several Cancers
Investigators have identified new potential therapeutic targets for a major form of bladder cancer, including important genes and pathways that are disrupted in the disease.
Thursday, January 30, 2014
Gene Variants Found Associated With Human Immune System, Autoimmune Disease
Numerous studies have reported that certain diseases are inherited. But genetics also plays a role in immune response, affecting our ability to stave off disease.
Friday, September 27, 2013
NIH Program Explores the Use of Genomic Sequencing in Newborn Healthcare
Can sequencing of newborns’ genomes provide useful medical information beyond what current newborn screening already provides?
Wednesday, September 04, 2013
Scientific News
Big Genetics in BC: The American Society for Human Genetics 2016 Meeting
Themes at this year's meeting ranged from the verification, validation, and sharing of data, to the translation of laboratory findings into actionable clinical results.
Stem Cells in Drug Discovery
Potential Source of Unlimited Human Test Cells, but Roadblocks Remain.
Automated Low Volume Dispensing Trends
Gain a better understanding of the current and future market requirements for fully automated LVD systems.
Cancer Genetics: Key to Diagnosis, Therapy
When applied judiciously, cancer genetics directs caregivers to the right drug at the right time, while sparing patients of unnecessary or harmful treatments.
Diabetes Missing Link Discovered
Researchers from the University of Auckland have shown that beta catenin plays a vital role in the control of insulin release from the pancreas.
Study Reveals New Role for Hippo Pathway in Suppressing Cancer Immunity
Hippo pathway signaling regulates organ size by moderating cell growth, apoptosis and stem cell renewal, but dysregulation contributes to cancer development.
Biological Link between the Gut Microbiome and Parkinson’s Disease
The findings suggest that targeting the gut microbiome may provide a new approach for diagnosing and treating Parkinson’s disease.
How the Brain Recognizes Faces
Machine-learning system spontaneously reproduces aspects of human neurology.
Boosting Effectiveness of Asthma Therapy
A team of scientists from UCSF has developed a new treatment to dampen bronchospasm.
Improved Stability, Shelf Life of Protein Drugs
Study improves protein drug stability and extend their shelf life by tested a novel route for non-covalent protein modification.
Scroll Up
Scroll Down
Skyscraper Banner

SELECTBIO Market Reports
Go to LabTube
Go to eposters
 
Access to the latest scientific news
Exclusive articles
Upload and share your posters on ePosters
Latest presentations and webinars
View a library of 1,800+ scientific and medical posters
4,000+ scientific and medical posters
A library of 2,500+ scientific videos on LabTube
5,300+ scientific videos
Close
Premium CrownJOIN TECHNOLOGY NETWORKS PREMIUM FOR FREE!