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PRESEPSIN, A SOLUBLE CD14-SUBTYPE, A POSSIBLE NEW BIOMARKER INCREASES IN SEPTIC PATIENTS’ PLASMA FROM PEDIATRIC DEPARTMENT.
Hayato YAMAGUCHI1), Satoshi KIMURA1), Seiji FUKUOKA1), Emiko NAKAMA1), Hideyasu OTO2), Makoto INOUE2), Takashi SOGA2), Shigetaka KITAZAWA2), Yoh UMEDA2)

Increased plasma concentration of soluble CD14-subtype (presepsin) was observed in pediatric patients with bacteremia. Presepsin could be a possible biomarker of sepsis in pediatric patients, however, their reference interval in children could be lower than that of adults. More studies with larger number of samples are required to confirm the result.

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DETERMINATION OF HOMOCYSTEINE THIOLACTONE IN URINE BY FIELD AMPLIFIED SAMPLE INJECTION AND SWEEPING MEKC METHOD WITH UV DETECTION
Paulina Furmaniak, Pawel Kubalczyk, Kamila Borowczyk, Rafal Glowacki

* The procedure does not overload the capillary and has positive effect on the increase in peak hight,
* The method allows about 70-fold increase in method sensitivity,
* The limits of detection and quantification are 0.1 nmol and 0.09 nmol of Hcy-thiolactone in 1 mL of urine, respectively,
* Presented assay can be used for the determination of Hcy-thiolactone in biological samples.

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CAPILLARY ELECTROPHORESIS OF APIGENIN
Paulina Furmaniak, Pawel Kubalczyk, Rafal Glowacki

* Application of an appropriate mode of extraction allowed to use on-line stacking method for the determination of apigenin in plant extracts,
* The low limit of detection was 5 nmol in 1 mL of plant extract,
* Presented procedure allows approximately 20-fold increase of sensitivity,
* Elaborated assay can be useful for the determination of apigenin in biological samples.

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HIGH-PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF LIPOIC ACID IN THE FORM OF 2-S-PYRIDINIUM DERIVATIVE
Chwatko G. (1), Krawczyk M. J. (1), Iciek M. (2), Bilska-Wilkosz A. (2), Marcykiewicz B. (3), Glowacki R. (1)

* The method can be used for routine clinical monitoring of LA in human plasma and urine.
* The method was validated for urine and plasma samples.
* The imprecision, expressed as relative standard deviation value, were within range 0.8-7.7% and 0.9-6.2% for plasma and urine samples, respectively.
* The analytical recovery were from 97.3 to 117.0% for plasma and from 96.5% to 111.5% for urine samples.

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APPLICATION OF LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY WITH UV DETECTION FOR DETERMINATION OF PLANT GROWTH REGULATOR IN COMMON PLANT FERTILIZERS
Borowczyk K., Wyszczelska-Rokiel M., Stachniuk J., Chwatko G., Glowacki R.

1. The methodology allows facile and accurate determination of IBA in common plant fertilizer samples.
2. The analytical figures of linearity, precision and recovery shown during the method validation procedure are well within the criteria for biological sample analysis.
3. In temperature -18, 4 and 25 °C the analyte stays stable for 6 h.
4. The assay should help in control of phytohormones concentration in plants and fertilizers.

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INTERACTION BETWEEN WHEY PROTEIN NANOPARTICLES AND FATTY ACIDS
Hassan, Z.M.R*, Awad R. A.*, El-Sayed, M. M. **, Mevat I. Foda**, Otzen, D.*** and Heba H. Salama**

Nanocomplexes can be formed from WPI with good cytotoxic effect to tumer cells using cis-vaccenic and linolenic fatty acids comparable to oleic acid. It was a new interesting observation being that the nanocomplexes formed of WPI with fatty acids has a comparable cytotoxcisty to that of a-LA and ß-lg and can be used in tumor therapy.

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A Rapid and Effective Tool for Monitoring Monoclonal Antibody Production
B. Bhullar, Ph.D., Carlina Hui, B.Sc., M. Hariharan, M.Sc., J. Hewitt, B.Sc , and N. Vats, Ph.D.

Monoclonal antibodies (Mab) are used in a variety of fields from diagnostics to therapeutics. Manufacturers of in vitro diagnostics (IVD) commonly use third-party suppliers to meet their needs for specified monoclonal antibodies.

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A Novel Approach Toward Microfluidic Drug Metabolite Synthesis – Electrosynthetic Methodology Simulating Cytochrome (CYP450) Oxidation
Romain Stalder, Gregory P. Roth and Philip Podmore

A novel microfluidic technology and electrochemical synthesis method is demonstrated for the efficient generation of known drug metabolites. These metabolites are typically generated on first pass hepatic oxidation in vivo. The FLUX Module, a new microfluidic electrochemical cell manufactured by Syrris Ltd., has been employed to generate the metabolites of five commercial drugs: Tolbutamide, Chlorpromazine, Diclofenac, Primidone and Albendazole.

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MS Data Processing With Full Flexibility Of Universal Processing Software
Frans Schoutsen, Barbara van Cann, Vincent Jespers, Michal Godula

Liquid Chromatography (LC) in combination with triple quadrupole Mass Spectrometry (MS) is more and more a common analysis technique in routine laboratories. Especially when using MS/MS selected reaction monitoring (SRM) for a large number of components data handling can be a bottle neck. This poster will show MS data processing of pesticides in water samples using an already established chromatography data system which is now also capable of processing large quantities of MS data.

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Analysis of Dithiocarbamate Pesticides by GC-MS
Soma Dasgupta1,2, Sumaiyya Mujawar1, Kaushik Banerjee1, Hans-Joachim Huebschmann3, Paul Silcock4

Analysis of dithiocarbamate pesticides (DTCs) using an optimized GC-MS method is described. DTCs are not stable and cannot be extracted or analyzed directly. The purpose of this work was develop a reliable method for identification and quantification of residues.

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Showing Results 1 - 10 of 1004
Scientific News
Understanding and Improving the Body's Fight Against Pathogens
A*STAR scientists find new targets for modulating antibody response.
Single Animal to Human Transmission Event Responsible for 2014 Ebola Outbreak
NIH-funded scientist uses latest genomic technology to make discovery.
Watching Molecules ‘Dance’ in Real Time
Trapping light at the nanoscale enables real-time monitoring of individual molecules bending and flexing may aid in our understanding of how changes within a cell can lead to diseases such as cancer.
Repressing the Repressors May Drive Tissue-Specific Cancers
Stowers scientists establish Drosophila and mammalian models to study mutations found in pediatric brain tumors.
Genetic Basis for Rabbit Domestication Revealed
Research presents key findings in the DNA make-up of the common mammal’s brain and nervous system, which determines how wild rabbits were genetically transformed to domestic rabbits.
Fighting Prostate Cancer with a Tomato-Rich Diet
New research suggests that men who eat over 10 portions of tomatoes a week have an 18% lower risk of developing prostate cancer.
Scientists Looking Across Human, Fly and Worm Genomes Find Shared Biology
Studies reveal powerful commonalities in biological activity and regulation among species.
Genetics Used to Improve Plants for Bioenergy
An upcoming genetics investigation into the symbiotic association between soil fungi and feedstock plants for bioenergy production could lead to more efficient uptake of nutrients, which would help limit the need for expensive and polluting fertilizers.
NIH to Launch Human Safety Study of Ebola Vaccine Candidate
Trial is First in Series of Accelerated Safety Studies of Ebola Vaccines.
Gut Bacteria that Protect Against Food Allergies Identified
Common gut bacteria prevent sensitization to allergens in a mouse model for peanut allergy, paving the way for probiotic therapies to treat food allergies.
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