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Identifying Molecular Signatures of Tumors Using Novel Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer Networks
Vishwa Nellore, Chris Dwyer

We developed FRET sensors that can detect 125 fluorophores simultaneously. From experimental analyses of over 1200 time-resolved fluorescence signatures on 300 prototypical sensors, we show that the optical responses are highly repeatable and minor variations between FRET networks can be discriminated resulting in a total of 10^375 unique responses in theory.

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Amino-Coated Metallofullerene Nanoparticles for Glioblastoma Mutiforme Tumor Detection
Tinghui Li , Susan. Murphy, Kanwarpal Bakshi, Steven LaConte, Zhi Sheng, and Harry Dorn

We report the preparation of a new functionalized trimetallic nitride endohedral metallofullerene, with a cage surface consisting of positively charged amino groups, which is expected to bind more efficiently to negatively charged cell phospholipid bi-layer cellular surfaces and will more readily undergo endocytosis. We now report that this Gd-nanoplatform when subsequently conjugated with an IL-13 peptide, (IL-13-Gd3N@C80(OH)x(NH2)y) exhibits enhanced targeting of U-251 GBM cell lines.

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Liposomes and Nanoparticles as Delivery Vehicles for the Treatment of Lung Diseases
Raisa Kiseleva1, Jennifer Mulligan2, Carl Atkinson2, Rodney Schlossser2, Alexey Vertegel1

Targeted nanoparticle-based drug delivery to the lungs is an emerging area of interest for both scientists and medical workers because it allows better drug retention in the lungs and can provide prolonged drug release. In our study we investigated the potential of using liposomes and polymeric nanoparticles surface modified with a specific antibody as drug carriers for targeted drug delivery to the lungs.

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Next Generation Multivalent PRINT Nanoparticle Vaccine Targeting Pneumococcal Disease
Shyam Rele,1 RiLee Robeson,1 Anton Beletskii,1 Jeremy Hansen,1 Meredith Earl,1 Gabe Fawcett,1* Marquita Lilly,1 Joseph Marchand,1 Michele Stone,1 Camille Bernasconi,1 Jinny Conley,1 Michael Hunter,1 Ramya Yadavalli,1 Nicole Meyer,1 Lara Kelly,1 Ben Yerxa,1 Jeff Maisonneuve,2 Mark Alderson,2 Frank Malinoski1

A new generation PRINT nanoparticle Pneumococcal vaccine matrix has been designed to mimic size and structural aspects of bacterial pathogens to efficiently present and deliver polysaccharide and protein antigens to elicit robust immune responses.

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Print Nanoparticle Vaccine Carrying Bacterial Polysaccharide And Protein Antigens Induces Enhanced B- And T-Cell (Il-17) Immunity
Anton Beletskii,1 Camille Bernasconi,1 Jinny Conley, Meredith Earl,1 Gabe Fawcett,1 Jeremy Hansen,1 Lara Kelly,1 Marquita Lilly,1 Frank Malinoski,1 Joseph Marchand,1 Nicole Meyer,1 Shyam Rele,1 RiLee Robeson,1 Michele Stone,1 Ben Yerxa,1 Jeff Maisonneuve,2 Mark Alderson 2

Antigenic multivalent PRINT nanoparticle formulations leverage precise control of size, shape and composition, sterile filterability and scalable cGMP roll-to roll manufacturing to offering a low cost and simplified manufacturing advantage over traditional conjugate vaccines.

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Significant Increase of Sensitivity on Rapid Influenza Antigen Assays Using Silver Amplification Immunochromatography.
Satoshi KIMURA1), Hideyoshi OHTO2), Hayato YAMAGUCHI1), Seiji FUKUOKA1), Emiko NAKAMA1), Akiko TERADA3), and Yoh UMEDA2)

We have developed a new rapid bed-side assay system for in vitro diagnosis of infectious diseases, using “silver amplification method”, an application of photography-developing technology. The automatic analyzer brings results in fifteen minutes, enhancing sensitivity up to 1000 times compared to the conventional immunochromatography. We applied the technology for diagnosis of hospitalized children. The analyzer was useful for rapid and precise diagnosis of influenza A and B.

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NEXTflex™ qRNA-Seq™ Molecular Indexing for ChIP-Seq and RNA-Seq
Jan Risinger, Masoud Toloue Ph.D.

Most Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) library prep methods introduce sequence bias with the use of enzyme processing and fragmentation steps can introduce errors in the form of incorrect sequence and misrepresented copy number. With molecular indexed libraries, each molecule is tagged with a molecular index randomly chosen from ~10,000 combinations so that any two identical molecules become distinguishable (with odds of 10,000/1), and can be independently evaluated in later data analysis.

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Side by Side: An Evaluation of 2D vs. 3D Cell Culture for High Throughput Screening in Drug Discovery
Sophie Quick 1,2, Sinead Knight 1, Jon Winter 3

•3D cell culture has the potential to provide a more physiologically relevant model compared to standard tissue culture plastic.
•From a screening perspective the technology offers the possibility of more predictive drug responses but has an increased cost.
•The question: is it possible and, more importantly, is it worthwhile moving towards screening in High Throughput using a 3D model?

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High Throughput Screening in the European Lead Factory
S.P. van Helden, W.H. Rutjes, C.A.A. van Boeckel and J.H.M. van den Broek

This paper describes workflows that have been implemented at the screening centre of the European Lead Factory and presents screening statistics on the first 18 months of operation.

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Showing Results 11 - 20 of 1053
Scientific News
IDT Shares Tips for Optimizing Target Capture
The article discusses improved target capture methods for increasing reliability of next generation sequencing data.
Earliest Modern Human Sequenced
Researchers discover fragments of Neandertal DNA in the genome of a 45,000-year-old modern human from Siberia.
Synthetic Biology On Ordinary Paper, Results Off The Page
By combining efforts and innovations, Wyss Institute scientists develop synthetic gene controls for programmable diagnostics and biosensors, delivered out of the lab on pocket-sized slips of paper.
NIH Begins Early Human Clinical Trial of VSV Ebola Vaccine
Human testing of a second investigational Ebola vaccine candidate is under way at the National Institutes of Health’s Clinical Center in Bethesda, Maryland.
Silencing the FOXP2 Speech Gene Causes Breast Cancer Cells to Metastasize
BIDMC investigators make the surprising discovery that a gene associated with speech and language is linked to advanced breast cancer.
Microscopic “Walkers” Find Their Way Across Cell Surfaces
Technology could provide a way to deliver probes or drugs to cell structures without outside guidance.
Fast Modeling Of Cancer Mutations
New genome-editing technique enables rapid analysis of genes mutated in tumors.
How Glands Expand To Fight Off Disease
UCL and Cancer Research UK demonstrate how specialised immune cells that patrol the body looking for signs of infection also trigger the expansion of glands called lymph nodes.
Magnesium Cuts Diabetes Risk
Only about half of Americans get the recommended daily amount in their diet.
Major Step Forward in Understanding of Viruses
Scientists unlock exact structure of Hepatitis A virus.
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