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Targeting Cancer Stem Cell-Related miRNAs for Prostate Cancer Therapy
ANSHIKA NIKITA SINGH, MEGHNA BARUAH, NEETI SHARMA

The poster focuses on the pivotal function of miRNAs in tumorigenesis by regulation of self renewal and apoptosis via cancer stem cell signalling pathways with special focus on their regulation of Epithelial to Mesenchymal transition in metastatic prostate cancer.

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siRNA Screening: Development of Hit Stratification Strategies
Žaklina Strezoska, Annaleen Vermeulen, Emily M. Anderson, Anja Smith, Devin Leake

This poster compares different approaches to hit stratification and validation after an initial screen. Standard siRNA reagents deconvoluted from a pooled set of four were compared to a pooled set of four specificity enhanced reagents. High confidence hits were similar. To explore the validity of low confidence hits, a chimeric approach was used whereby a gene-specific seed sequence was introduced into a non-targeting siRNA scaffold. This work resulted in new hit stratification strategies.

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Identification of microRNA targets using microRNA modulation techniques and gene expression arrays
Emily M. Anderson, Maren Mayer, Kevin Sullivan, Barbara Robertson, Žaklina Strezoska, Annaleen Vermeulen, and Devin Leake

By examining the overlap of messages down-regulated by miRNA mimics and up-regulated by miRNA inhibitors, we robustly identify miRNA-regulated messages, many of which have canonical seed matches and some which are not identied by standard target prediction programs.

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Specificity and functionality of microRNA inhibitors
Barbara Robertson, Andrew Dalby, Jon Karpilow, Anastasia Khvorova, Devin Leake and Annaleen Vermeulen

Our findings indicate that features important for natural miRNA target recognition also appear to be important for inhibitor specificity. Understanding the specificity of inhibitors allows for better interpretation of inhibitor activity in endogenous systems.

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Alternative miRNA design for therapeutic RNAi applications
Anja van Brabant Smith, Barb Robertson, Annaleen Vermeulen, Christina Yamada, Angela Reynolds, Anastasia Khvorova, Devin Leake

For in vivo applications, the design of miRNA inhibitors and miRNA mimics must be optimized for stability and potency. However, stabilized miRNA mimic molecules can lose functionality compared to standard miRNA mimic molecules due, in part, to the activity of the stabilized passenger strand acting as a miRNA inhibitor. We discuss how mismatches affect the activity of the stabilized miRNA mimics, perhaps by generating a passenger strand that is less functional as an inhibitor molecule.

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Safety Of A Sublingual Tablet of House Dust Mite Allergen Extracts In An Environmental Exposure Chamber Study
Michel Roux, Agnès Viatte, Robert K. Zeldin

In an environmental exposure chamber (EEC) study, treatment with HDM sublingual tablets in patients with HDM-associated allergic rhinitis was generally well tolerated regardless of dose. While asthma and related symptoms were more common during the peri-EEC challenge periods, rates did not differ between active and placebo treatment.

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Safety Of The 300 IR and 500 IR Doses Of A House Dust Mite Allergen Extracts Sublingual Tablet In Adults with Allergic Rhinitis
Hélène Nguyen, Michel Roux, Josiane Cognet-Sicé, Robert K. Zeldin

In a randomized, DBPC study in patients with HDM-associated allergic rhinitis, treatment with HDM sublingual tablets at doses of 300IR and 500IR was associated with a favorable safety profile. There was no appreciable difference in tolerability between the tested doses.

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A FastGC Proton-Transfer-Reaction Quadrupole Ion Guide Time-of-Flight (PTR-QiTOF) Mass Spectrometer
Alfons Jordan1, Lukas Märk1, Jens Herbig1, Christian Lindinger1, Rene Gutmann1, Lukas Fischer1, Eugen Hartungen1, Simone Jürschik1, Gernot Hanel1, Philipp Sulzer1, Tilmann D. Märk1,2

In order to identify and quantify isomeric compounds independently in real-time, we introduce a novel approach where we integrate a fast GC column (“fastGC”) into a PTR-QiTOF instrument. The outstanding sensitivity of the new PTR-QiTOF (up to 4,700 cps/ppbv) is crucial for applications where time per analysis is limited, e.g. nosespace in food and flavor research. Particularly, in these fields the chemical environment is normally very complex so that a high selectivity is essential as well.

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Integrating Fluorescent Carbon Nanodot Synthesis and Optical Detection of Methylmercury
Carlos Bendicho, Isabel Costas-Mora, Vanesa Romero, Isela Lavilla

In the last years, a great interest toward development of optical nanoprobes has arisen, so fluorescent nanomaterials have been implemented in analytical systems for the detection of several species. In this work, a novel assay that integrates the synthesis of fluorescent carbon dots (CDs) and sensing within one step, for the fast, sensitive and selective detection of methylmercury is presented.

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Showing Results 41 - 50 of 1210
Scientific News
Finding Points To A Cause Of Chronic Lung Disease
New research explains how macrophages in the lung sometimes stick around too long, even after clearing a viral infection, leading to long-term lung problems.
A New Wrinkle For Cell Culture
Researchers at Brown University have developed an advanced technique for cell culturing that uses sheets of wrinkled graphene to mimic the complex 3-D environment inside the body.
Twins Experiment Reveals Genetic Link with Mosquito Bites
Findings show that attractiveness to insects is based on differences in body odor.
Detecting Cryptosporidium in China
A recently developed lab-on-a-chip device, which can diagnose the opportunistic parasite in as little as 10 minutes, may help improve treatment in remote, at-risk rural areas.
Quotient Clinical Completes Innovative First-In-Human Program
First-in-human clinical program designed to develop an optimal oral formulation.
Detecting Low-Quality Antimalarial Drugs With A Lab-On-Paper
Lab-on-Paper can detect low-quality anitmalarial drugs without expensive equipment.
A New Lease on Life for Prostate Tissue
Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey research results in development of organoid prostate models
Imaging Immunity
Noninvasive imaging of immune system detects tumors, could monitor therapeutic response.
First Atlas Of Airborne Microbes Across US
Bacteria and fungal species were identified from outdoor dust samples collected from all 50 states.
Measuring Volumes of Key 'Lab on a Chip' Components
NIST found a combination of techniques to effectively measure microfluidic channels, achieving an accuracy of within 5 percent for both a channel's depth and its bottom's width.
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