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Automated in-gel digestion on a commercial autosampler directly coupled to nanoLC-MS/MS
Achermann François, Bolliger Reto, Buchs Natasha, Doiron Nicholas, Lagache Braga Sophie, Heller Manfred, Boehm Guenter

SDS-PAGE separates protein samples from LC-MS incompatible contaminations, and is frequently used to fractionate proteins of entire proteomes. One disadvantage is that gel lanes have to be cut into many slices, followed by in-gel digestion of proteins and extraction of peptides. The number of these gel slices goes into the hundreds, rendering this process very repetitive and prone to mistakes and errors during sample handling. Automation reduces such risks and improves reproducibility.

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Automated sample preparation workflows for quantitative proteomics applications
Oliver Popp1, Lucas Luethy2, Tamara Kanashova1, HaAn Nguyen1, Julia Kikuchi1, Guenter Boehm2, Thomas Blenkers3, Andreas Bruchmann3, Gunnar Dittmar1

Mass spectrometry based proteomics requires large scale identification of peptides, and depends upon efficient sample preparation. Recently, we presented two automated protein-digestion setups, in-solution and in-gel digestion. We extended these techniques by implementing dimethyl labelling (DML). Furthermore, we established an automated phospho-peptide (PP) enrichment procedure in a 96-well formate, generating phospho-proteomic data in very short time.

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Tools for studying and using small RNAs: from pathways to functions to therapies
Kenneth Chang and Gregory J. Hannon

This poster provides an overview of the tools that have been developed to understand the functions of small RNAs and, conversely, the use of small RNAs as tools. Tools that are based on small RNAs have been exploited to investigate gene function in cultured cells and in living animals. Small RNA biogenesis, discovery and functional roles are explored in detail. Screening approaches to functional genomics, in vivo methods and potential therapeutic applications are discussed.

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An HTS-Compatible Plate For Highly Miniaturized Cultures Of Primary Human Bronchial Epithelial Cells At Air-Liquid Interface
Elizabeth Vu1, Eric Sorscher2, Robert Lowery1, Steven Hayes1

Primary human bronchial epithelial cells (HBE) cultured at air liquid interface (ALI) exhibit striking similarity to the in vivo situation, including both tissue architecture and ion channel functionality. Cultures of this type serve as a gold standard for predicting therapeutic activity in airway diseases such as cystic fibrosis.

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Optimization of a Vacuum Ultraviolet Photoionization source for Gas Chromatography used with a High Resolution Time of Flight Mass Spectrometer
Lloyd Allen and Viatcheslav Artaev

-Tune solution allows optimization of ion source parameters for
both proton transfer and direct ionization
-Independent ionization processes exist for M+ and MH+
-Optimizing for dopant signal intensity yields inferior results
-Degree of fragmentation remains relatively constant over a
range of source conditions

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Increasing gene editing efficiencies in eukaryotic cell lines by selection of appropriate CRISPR-Cas9 reagents
Melissa L. Kelley, Žaklina Strezoska, Elena Maksimova, Hidevaldo Machado, Emily M. Anderson, Maren Mayer, Annaleen Vermeulen, Shawn McClelland, Anja van Brabant Smith

Overview of various CRISPR-Cas9 reagents to provide the highest efficiency of gene editing in your experiments.

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Knockdown of p53 by Accell self-delivering siRNA causes inhibition of p53-dependent DNA damage response in IMR-32 neuroblastoma cell line and β-amyloid toxicity in rat cortical neurons
Žaklina Strezoska, Tamara Seredenina1, Devin Leake, Annaleen Vermeulen

Here we describe how application of Accell siRNA enabled the development of a high content screening assay in IMR-32 neuroblastoma cells and a whole culture cell viability assay in primary rat cortical neurons.

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High Performance Comprehensive Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography Coupled with a High Resolution Multi-Reflecting TOFMS for Confident Non-Target Analyte Identification
Scott J. Pugh, Viatcheslav Artaev, Mark F. Merrick, Jack Cochran

The use of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography to help increase chromatographic resolution is a major step in tackling the problem of confident peak identification in a complex sample matrix. Combining the separation power of two-dimensional gas chromatography, with resolving power greater than 25,000, and sub ppm mass accuracies of a high resolution multi-reflecting TOFMS is the ideal solution to confident compound identification within a complex sample matrix.

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Fragmentation Trees for Automated de novo Interpretation of Impure Electron Ionization Spectra from Gas Chromatographic Complex Mixture Analysis—Chemical Deconvolution
Kevin Siek, Vasily Makarov, Viatcheslav Artaev, Dmitry Mazur, Albert T. Lebedev

-Chemical deconvolution algorithms accurately reported independent
components of dead coelutions where such components belong to distinct chemical classes.
-Present algorithms fail to distinguish chemically similar analytes such as branched and linear alkanes, thus chemical deconvolution is not a
substitute for GCxGC.
-Chemical deconvolution algorithms accurately rejected more than 80% of spurious signals from manually curated spectra found to be contaminated with unrelated signa

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Scientific News
Platelets are the Pathfinders for Leukocyte Extravasation During Inflammation
Findings from the study could help in the prevention and treatment of inflammatory pathologies.
ASMS 2016: Targeting Mass Spectrometry Tools for the Masses
The expanding application range of MS in life sciences, food, energy, and health sciences research was highlighted at this year's ASMS meeting in San Antonio, Texas.
Benchtop Automation Trends
Gain a better understanding of current interest in and future deployment of benchtop automated systems.
How Cancer Spreads in the Body
Cancer cells appear to depend on an unusual survival mechanism to spread around the body, according to an early study led by Queen Mary University of London.
Fix for 3-Billion-Year-Old Genetic Error
Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin have developed a fix that allows RNA to accurately proofread for the first time.
“Amazing Protein Diversity” Discovered in Maize
The genome of the corn plant – or maize, as it’s called almost everywhere except the US – “is a lot more exciting” than scientists have previously believed. So says the lead scientist in a new effort to analyze and annotate the depth of the plant’s genetic resources.
Manufactured Stem Cells to Advance Clinical Research
Clinical-grade cell line will enable development of new therapies and accelerate early-stage clinical research.
Dengue Virus Exposure May Amplify Zika Infection
Researchers at Imperial College London have found that the previous exposure to the dengue virus may increase the potency of Zika infection.
Gender Determination in Forensic Investigations
This study investigated the effectiveness of lip print analysis as a tool in gender determination.
Identifying Novel Types of Forensic Markers in Degraded DNA
Scientists have tried to verify the nucleosome protection hypothesis by discovering STRs within nucleosome core regions, using whole genome sequencing.
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