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Biosynthesis of Very Long Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Chicory
Hattem Mekky1, Michael R. Davey1, J. Brian Power1 , Maged E. Mohamed2 and Colin M. Lazarus2

Very long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (VLCPUFAs) are declining in reserves, since they are produced by oily fish. VLCPUFAs are important in human nutrition because they are responsible for the production of inflammatory mediators such as prostaglandins, the regulation of cholesterol synthesis and its transport, and the maintenance of cellular membranes. This research aims to produce VLCPUFAs in edible plants.

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Oligonucleotides with LNA and targeting of biologically important RNAs
Peter Guterstam and Ülo Langel

Activity of RNA-targeting antisense oligonucleotides increases when introducing LNA monomers, implying that an 18 nucleotides long LNA/2OMe mixmer splice-switching oligonucleotide can be shortened to 12mer and have similar activity and specificity as an 18mer 2OMe oligonucleoyide. Positioning of LNA monomers has to be carefully considered when utilizing the potent LNA monomers in RNA-targeting antisense oligonucleotides.

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miRNAs in Treating Cardiomyopathy
Veenu Aishwarya

The study aims to design antigomirs against miRNAs involved in Cardiomyopathy. Potential miRNAs involved in the down regulation of certain important genes during this disorder have been identified. All reported miRNAs were scanned using an algorithm against these genes. At three step protocol was followed to take care of false positives and false negatives. Further, HL-1 cells (cardiomyocytes) are been transfected by anti-miRNAs for confirmation.

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Comparison of two different real time PCR assays and chemistry for detection of norovirus genogroup II. Method of choice?
Toplak Nataša, Zimšek Mijovski Janet, Kovac Minka, Poljšak-Prijatelj Mateja

Noroviruses (Caliciviridae) are one of the main cause of acute non-bacterial gastroenteritis in humans. Noroviruses can not be propagated in cell cultures. Thus Real Time PCR molecular methods for caliciviral detection have been recently introduced. The aim of the study was to compare two different Real Time PCR assays for detection of norovirus strains (genogroup II) and the comparison between different RT-PCR reagents and Real Time PCR instruments was made.

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Comparison of two different real time PCR assays and chemistry for detection of norovirus genogroup II. Method of choice?
Toplak Nataša, Zimšek Mijovski Janet, Kovac Minka, Poljšak-Prijatelj Mateja

Noroviruses (Caliciviridae) are one of the main cause of acute non-bacterial gastroenteritis in humans. Noroviruses can not be propagated in cell cultures. Thus Real Time PCR molecular methods for caliciviral detection have been recently introduced. The aim of the study was to compare two different Real Time PCR assays for detection of norovirus strains (genogroup II) and the comparison between different RT-PCR reagents and Real Time PCR instruments was made.

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qPCRas a primary screen in drug discovery
GauravJaggi, Frank Boeckler, Andreas Joerger and Alan Fersht

We report the use of qPCR technique to follow the thermal unfolding of proteins by the binding of the dye SYPRO Orange, and exploit its potential as a robust and high-throughput primary screen for small molecule drug discovery.

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Targeting Inflammatory Cytokines Using Adenoviruses: gene delivery of biological therapies in ovarian cancer
Michael A. Salako, Hagen Kulbe, Iain A. McNeish, Frances R. Balkwill

Constitutive TNF-alpha expression is characteristic of the malignant ovarian surface epithelium. Adenoviral mutants hold great promise as gene therapy vectors but their efficacy is hindered by an inflammatory cascade orchestrated by TNF-alpha. We found that delivering TNF-alpha shRNA to ovarian cancer cells using oncolytic adenoviruses could reduce the inflammatory cascade generated by adenoviruses and also had direct anti-tumour activity on the cancer cells.

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Efficient downregulation of the lung liquid clearing gammaENaC subunit by RNAi
Nihal Yueksekdag, Marei Drechsel, Christa Schmidt, and Josef Rosenecker

CF is caused by mutations in the gene encoding for CFTR. CFTR functions as chloride channel on the apical membrane of epithelia thereby regulating the transport of chloride and also sodium ions indirectly. It seems that the regulation of ENaC fails due to the mutated CFTR protein. And it is assumed that ENaC plays a role in the pathogenesis of chronic lung disease in CF-patients.

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Hyperbaric Bioreactors use with Yarrowia Lipolytica Cultures: Cellular Adaptation to Hyperbaric Conditions
Marlene Lopes, Nelma Gomes, Manuel Mota, Isabel Belo

In this work, a pressurized bioreactor was used for Y. lipolytica batch cultivation under increased air pressure from 1 bar to 6 bar. Cell growth was strongly enhanced by the pressure rise. The increase of oxygen availability caused the induction of the antioxidant enzyme SOD. The pre-growth of Y. lipolytica under increased pressure conditions did not affect the lipase production ability of the cells.

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Showing Results 51 - 60 of 84
Scientific News
Determination of Arabidopsis Thaliana Telomere Length by PCR
Researchers have designed two telomeric degenerated primers that amplify Arabidopsis telomeres by MMQPCR.
Methods for Multiplex Template Sampling in Digital PCR Assays
This article presents Multiplex Template Sampling, an alternative strategy to effectively increase template concentrations in dPCR analysis.
Detection of Large Expansions in Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1
The aims of this study were to verify the validity of triplet primed-PCR for the diagnosis of patients presenting with DM1 clinical findings and to simplify the testing procedure.
The 2014 Annual MO BIO Microbiome Awards, Offering More Than $10,000 of Prizes
The Microbiome Awards aim to provide young, extraordinary scientists with funding and recognition to carry out scientific work in the field of microbiome research.
Genetic Discovery Could Aid Diagnosis of Childhood TB
A distinctive genetic 'signature' found in the blood of children with TB offers new hope for improved diagnosis of the disease.
Genotoxicity Evaluation of Acephate and Profenofos by the PCR-RFLP Assay
The rampant use of organophosphorus insecticides has created a chemical environment which is proving harmful to the living system.
Strong Link Between Obesity and 'Carb Breakdown' Gene
Findings suggest that dietary advice may need to be tailored to individual's digestive system.
An Alternative Suite of Universal Primers for Genotyping in Multiplex PCR
The new set of universal primers for multiplex genotyping were proven to be efficient and reliable in varied species.
DNA Polymerase Preference Determines PCR Priming Efficiency
Researchers use high throughput sequencing to systematically demonstrate and characterize DNA polymerase priming bias.
Droplet Digital PCR Enables Measurement of Potential Cancer Survival Biomarker
Study paves the way for further research into the role of TIL quantification in immunotherapy and as a cancer survival predictor.
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