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Improving Natural Killer Cancer Therapy
Vanderbilt University researchers discover transcription factor critical for NK cell expansion. Findings could lead to increased therapeutic efficacy.
Molecular Mechanism For Generating Specific Antibody Responses Discovered
Study could spur more ways to treat autoimmune disease, develop accurate vaccines.
Monovar Drills Down Into Cancer Genome
Rice, MD Anderson develop program to ID mutations in single cancer cells.
It’s Now Easier To Go With The Flow
Rice University tool simplifies comparison of flow cytometry data for laboratories.
Autism and Cancer Share a Remarkable Number of Risk Genes
Researchers with the UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center, MIND Institute identify more than 40 common genes.
Number Of Known Genetic Risk Factors For Endometrial Cancer Doubled
An international collaboration of researchers has identified five new gene regions that increase a woman’s risk of developing endometrial cancer, one of the most common cancers to affect women, taking the number of known gene regions associated with the disease to nine.
Genetic Variant May Help Explain Why Labradors Are Prone To Obesity
A genetic variation associated with obesity and appetite in Labrador retrievers – the UK and US’s favourite dog breed – has been identified by scientists at the University of Cambridge. The finding may explain why Labrador retrievers are more likely to become obese than dogs of other breeds.
FNIH Launches Project to Evaluate Biomarkers in Cancer Patients
Company has announced that it has launched a new project to evaluate the effectiveness of liquid biopsies as biomarkers in colorectal cancer patients.
Flowering Regulation Mechanism Discovered
Monash researchers have discovered a new mechanism that enables plants to regulate their flowering in response to raised temperatures.
Turning Skin Cells into Heart, Brain Cells
In a major breakthrough, scientists at the Gladstone Institutes transformed skin cells into heart cells and brain cells using a combination of chemicals.
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DNA Repair Deficient Cell Lines—Tools to Study Genomic Instability
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Trevigen

DNA Repair Pathways

There are over 150 human proteins that have been categorized as bona fide DNA Repair proteins. These fall into 14 general categories, including the classical DNA Repair pathways of Base Excision Repair (BER), Direct Reversal of Damage, Mismatch Excision Repair (MMR), Nucleotide Excision Repair (NER), Homologous Recombination (HR), Non-Homologous End-Joining (NHEJ) and the Fanconi Anemia/DNA crosslink repair pathway. There are proteins that modulate nucleotide pools, DNA polymerases, and editing and processing nucleases, the Rad6 pathway; proteins that modulate chromatin structure, DNA Repair genes/proteins defective in diseases & conserved DNA Damage Response. Advances in the DNA Repair field inevitably lead to additions to each category as new proteins are found that contribute to the repair of DNA damage or to the cellular response to DNA damage, such as MRG15 involvement in HR via its interaction with PALB2 or DNA2, recently identified as a structure-specific nuclease involved in nuclear and mitochondrial genome maintenance.

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