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Machine Learning Translates 'Hidden' Information to Reveal Chemistry in Action
Machine Learning Translates 'Hidden' Information to Reveal Chemistry in Action
News   Oct 24, 2017

A team have used neural networks and machine learning to teach computers to decode previously inaccessible information from x-ray data, and then use that data to decipher 3D nanoscale structures.

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Cryo-EM Imaging Suggests How the Double Helix Separates During Replication
Cryo-EM Imaging Suggests How the Double Helix Separates During Replication
News   Oct 24, 2017

Scientists reveal the atomic-level structure of twin helicase enzymes loaded head to head, with the DNA double helix visible in the circular channel that runs though both helicases. The configuration, a part of the pre-replicative complex (pre-RC), has never been successfully imaged in this configuration before.

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NASA Team Finds Noxious Ice Cloud on Saturn’s Moon Titan
NASA Team Finds Noxious Ice Cloud on Saturn’s Moon Titan
News   Oct 23, 2017

Invisible to the human eye, a noxious cloud was detected near Titan's south pole at infrared wavelengths by the Composite Infrared Spectrometer, or CIRS, on the Cassini spacecraft.

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Arsenic Exposure in U.S. Public Drinking Water Declines Following New EPA Regulations
Arsenic Exposure in U.S. Public Drinking Water Declines Following New EPA Regulations
News   Oct 23, 2017

New research found that exposure to arsenic in drinking water was significantly reduced among Americans using public water systems following the Environmental Protection Agency regulation on maximum levels of arsenic. However, there were no improvements in arsenic exposure rates among users of private wells, which are not federally regulated.

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Finding Drug Targets for Obesity, Diabetes
Finding Drug Targets for Obesity, Diabetes
News   Oct 23, 2017

Technological breakthrough will likely be of great interest to biotechnology companies aspiring to build their drug pipeline in the metabolic disease area.

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International Team Reconstructs Nanoscale Virus Features from Correlations of Scattered X-rays
International Team Reconstructs Nanoscale Virus Features from Correlations of Scattered X-rays
News   Oct 23, 2017

An international research team have used angular correlations of X-ray snapshots from non-crystalline molecules to determine the 3D structure of important biological objects.

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Funding Approved to Further Metabolomics Research
Funding Approved to Further Metabolomics Research
News   Oct 23, 2017

The NIH Common Fund Metabolomics Program has been approved for a second stage of support from fiscal years 2018-2021.

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Nobel Prize for Chemistry 2017 Honors a Cool Revolution in Biochemistry
Nobel Prize for Chemistry 2017 Honors a Cool Revolution in Biochemistry
News   Oct 23, 2017

Cryo-EM allows the study of biomolecules at atomic resolution prepared under cryogenic conditions.

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NIFA Biotechnology Grants Put Science at Center of Food Safety Policy
NIFA Biotechnology Grants Put Science at Center of Food Safety Policy
News   Oct 23, 2017

The U.S. Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture announced support for projects to help bridge the gap between biotechnology innovations and the policies on how to use them.

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Key Psychiatric Drug Target Comes Into Focus
Key Psychiatric Drug Target Comes Into Focus
News   Oct 20, 2017

Researchers have determined the crystal structure of a specific dopamine receptor called D4 at an incredibly high resolution which is a major step towards designing improved psychiatric drugs with fewer side effects.

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