Twisting Graphene Into Spirals
It's probably the smallest spring you've ever seen.
Researchers from Kyoto University and Osaka University report for the first time in the Journal of the American Chemical Society the successful synthesis of hexa-peri-hexabenzohelicene, or 'helical nanographene'.
These graphene constructs previously existed only in theory, so successful synthesis offers promising applications from nanoscale induction coils, to molecular springs for use in nanomechanics.
Graphene -- a hexagonal lattice of single layer carbon atoms exhibiting outstanding charge and heat transport properties -- has garnered extensive research and development interest.
Helically twisted graphenes have a spiral shape. Successful synthesis of this type of graphene could have major applications, but its model compounds have never been reported. And while past research has gotten close, resulting compounds have never exhibited expected properties.
"We processed some basic chemical compounds through step-by-step reactions, such as McMurry coupling, followed by stepwise photocyclodehydrogenation and aromatization," explains first author Yusuke Nakakuki. "We then found that we had synthesized the foundational backbone of helical graphene."
The team confirmed the helicoid nature of the structure through X-ray crystallography, also finding both clockwise and counter-clockwise nanographenes. Further tests showed that the electronic structure and photoabsorption properties of this compound are much different from previous ones.
"This helical nanographene is the first of its kind," concludes lead author Kenji Matsuda. "We will try to expand their surface area and make the helices longer. I expect to find many new physical properties as well."
This article has been republished from materials provided by Osaka University. Note: material may have been edited for length and content. For further information, please contact the cited source.
Yusuke Nakakuki, Takashi Hirose, Hikaru Sotome, Hiroshi Miyasaka, Kenji Matsuda. Hexa-peri-hexabenzohelicene: Homogeneously π-Extended Helicene as a Primary Substructure of Helically Twisted Chiral Graphenes. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2018; 140 (12): 4317 DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b13412.
Rapid Removal of Arsenic From Drinking Water...By Moss!News
A moss capable of removing arsenic from contaminated water has been discovered by researchers. And it happens quickly – in just one hour, the arsenic level is so low that the water is no longer harmful for people to drink.READ MORE
Stable Beta-Amyloid Dimers Identified in Alzheimer’s BrainsNews
A recent study exploited state-of-the-art mass spectrometry to provide the first direct evidence of beta-amyloid dimers in patients with Alzheimer’s disease and points to the potential of these molecules as biomarkers. Beta-amyloid dimers may be the smallest pathological species that trigger Alzheimer’s disease.